Prince Li (理)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Prince Li of the First Rank
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese和碩理親王
Simplified Chinese和硕理亲王
Manchu name
Manchu scriptᡥᠣᡧᠣᡳ
ᡤᡳᠶᠠᠩᡤᠠ
ᠴᡳᠨ ᠸᠠᠩ
Romanizationhošoi giyangga cin wang

Prince Li of the First Rank, or simply Prince Li, was the title of a princely peerage used in China during the Manchu-led Qing dynasty (1644–1912). As the Prince Li peerage was not awarded "iron-cap" status, this meant that each successive bearer of the title would normally start off with a title downgraded by one rank vis-à-vis that held by his predecessor. However, the title would generally not be downgraded to any lower than a feng'en fuguo gong except under special circumstances.

The first bearer of the title was Yunreng (1674–1725), the Kangxi Emperor's second son and former heir apparent for two terms between 1675 and 1712. After Yunreng died, he was posthumously honoured with the title "Prince Li of the First Rank" by his fourth brother, the Yongzheng Emperor, who succeeded their father. The title was passed down over eight generations and held by ten persons.

Members of the Prince Li peerage[edit]

Yunreng (1674–1725), the first Prince Li
  • Yunreng (1674–1725), the Kangxi Emperor's second son, posthumously honoured as Prince Limi of the First Rank (理密親王) in 1724
    • Hongxi (弘晳; 1694–1742), Yunreng's second son, held the title Prince Li of the Second Rank from 1723 to 1728, promoted to Prince Li of the First Rank in 1728, stripped of his title in 1739
    • Hongwei (弘㬙; 1719–1780), Yunreng's tenth son, held the title of a feng'en fuguo gong from 1736 to 1739, promoted to Prince Li of the Second Rank in 1739, posthumously honoured as Prince Like of the Second Rank (理恪郡王)
      • Yong'ai (永曖; 1742–1789), Hongwei's eldest son, held the title of a third class fuguo jiangjun from 1770 to 1780, promoted to beile in 1780
        • Mianpu (綿溥; 1767–1801), Yong'ai's second son, held the title of a beizi from 1789 to 1801
          • Yihao (奕灝; 1784–1844), Mianpu's eldest son, held the title of a feng'en zhenguo gong from 1801 to 1830, stripped of his title in 1830, restored as a feng'en fuguo gong in 1838, stripped of his title again within the same year
            • Zaikuan (載寬; 1813–1838), Yihao's third son, held the title of a feng'en fuguo gong from 1830 to 1838
            • Zaishou (載受), Yihao's eldest son, held the title of a fuguo jiangjun from 1831 to 1848
              • Fucun (福存), Zaishou's second son, held the title of a fengguo jiangjun from 1849 to 1888
                • Yujun (毓均), Fucun's eldest son, held the title of a fengguo jiangjun from 1889 to 1909, had no male heir
          • Yikui (奕魁), Mianpu's second son, held the title of a third class zhenguo jiangjun from 1809 to 1818
            • Zaixiu (載鏽), Yikui's eldest son, held the title of a fuguo jiangjun from 1818 to 1827, had no male heir
      • Yongyu (永育), Hongwei's second son, held the title of a third class fengguo jiangjun from 1775 to 1794
        • Mianyun (綿澐), Yongyu's third son, held the title of a feng'en jiangjun from 1795 to 1858
          • Yitang (奕堂), Mianyun's third son, held the title of a feng'en jiangjun from 1858 to 1888
            • Zaiyu (載鈺), Yitang's second son, held the title of a feng'en jiangjun in 1888
      • Yongzhun (永準), Hongwei's fifth son, held the title of a first class fuguo jiangjun from 1790 to 1817, had no male heir
    • Hongjin (弘晉; 1696–1717), Yunreng's third son, posthumously honoured as a feng'en fuguo gong in 1717
      • Yongjing (永璥), Hongjin's third son, held the title of a feng'en fuguo gong from 1736 to 1787
    • Hongyan (弘曣; 1712–1750), Yunreng's sixth son, held the title of a feng'en fuguo gong from 1728 to 1750, posthumously honoured as Feng'en Fuguo Kexi Gong (奉恩輔國恪僖公)
      • Yongwei (永瑋; 1731–1788), Hongyan's eldest son, held the title of a feng'en fuguo gong from 1750 to 1787, posthumously honoured as Feng'en Fuguo Keqin Gong (奉恩輔國恪勤公)
        • Mianzuo (綿佐), Yongwei's fifth son, held the title of a feng'en fuguo gong from 1788 to 1806
          • Yizhi (奕質), Mianzuo's eldest son, held the title of a buru bafen fuguo gong from 1807 to 1817
          • Yizan (奕贊), Mianzuo's third son, held the title of a feng'en jiangjun from 1812 to 1869, had no male heir
        • Mianjun (綿俊), Yongwei's eldest son, held the title of a third class fengguo jiangjun from 1770 to 1790
          • Yize (奕澤), Mianjun's eldest son, held the title of a feng'en jiangjun from 1790 to 1848
            • Zaipu (載普), Yize's third son, held the title of a feng'en jiangjun from 1849 to 1885
              • Purong (溥榮), Zaipu's son
                • Yukuan (毓寬), Purong's second son, held the title of a feng'en jiangjun from 1885
        • Miankan (綿侃), Yongwei's second son, held the title of a feng'en jiangjun from 1770 to 1797, had no male heir
    • Hongtiao (弘晀; 1714–1774), Yunreng's seventh son, held the title of a feng'en fuguo gong from 1734 to 1769, stripped of his title in 1769
      • Yongzeng (永增), Hongtiao's eldest son, held the title of a feng'en jiangjun from 1757 to 1779
        • Miandie (綿瓞), Yongzeng's second son, held the title of a feng'en jiangjun from 1780 to 1802, stripped of his title in 1802
      • Yongdeng (永璒; 1740–1770), Hongtiao's fourth son, held the title of a third class fengguo jiangjun from 1761 to 1770
        • Mianbo (綿瓝; 1759–1832), Yongdeng's eldest son, held the title of a feng'en jiangjun from 1771 to 1832
          • Yizhi (奕芝; 1779–1814), Mianbo's son
      • Yongmin (永砇), Hongtiao's fifth son, held the title of a second class fengguo jiangjun from 1761 to 1764
        • Mianbeng (綿𤫬), Yongmin's second son, held the title of a feng'en jiangjun from 1764 to 1811
          • Yijin (奕錦), Mianbeng's third son, held the title of a feng'en jiangjun from 1816 to 1851
            • Zaiji (載績), Yijin's eldest son, held the title of a feng'en jiangjun from 1851 to 1861, stripped of his title in 1861
      • Yongxia (永遐), Hongtiao's seventh son, held the title of a second class fengguo jiangjun from 1761 to 1821
        • Mianlie (綿烈), Yongxia's eldest son, held the title of a feng'en jiangjun from 1784 to 1816
          • Yidan (奕亶), Mianlie's second son, held the title of a feng'en jiangjun from 1817 to 1842, had no male heir
    • Hongwan (弘晥; 1724–1775), Yunreng's 12th son, held the title of a feng'en fuguo gong from 1738 to 1775

Family tree[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
Yunreng
允礽
(1674–1725)
Prince Limi of the First Rank
理密親王
(posthumously awarded)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hongxi
弘晳
(1694–1742)
Prince Li of the First Rank
理親王
(1728–1739)
(stripped of his title)
 
Hongtiao
弘晀
(1714–1774)
Feng'en Fuguo Gong
奉恩輔國公
(1734–1769)
(stripped of his title)
 
Hongwei
弘㬙
(1719–1780)
Prince Like of the Second Rank
理恪郡王
(1739–1780)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yongdeng
永璒
(1740–1770)
Third Class Fengguo Jiangjun
三等奉國將軍
(1761–1770)
 
Yong'ai
永曖
(1742–1789)
Beile
貝勒
(1780–1789)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mianbo
綿瓝
(1759–1832)
Feng'en Jiangjun
奉恩將軍
(1771–1832)
 
Mianpu
綿溥
(1767–1801)
Beizi
貝子
(1789–1801)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yizhi
奕芝
(1779–1814)
 
Yihao
奕灝
(1784–1844)
Feng'en Zhenguo Gong / Feng'en Fuguo Gong
奉恩鎮國公 / 奉恩輔國公
(1801–1830 / 1838)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zaidai
載岱
(1802–1874)
Feng'en Fuguo Gong
奉恩輔國公
(1839–1874)
 
Zaikuan
載寬
(1813–1838)
Feng'en Fuguo Gong
奉恩輔國公
(1830–1838)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pufeng
溥豐
(1829–1896)
Feng'en Fuguo Gong
奉恩輔國公
(1875–1896)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yuzhao
毓炤
(1883–?)
Feng'en Fuguo Gong
奉恩輔國公
(1896–?)
 
 
 
 
 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Zhao, Erxun (1928). Draft History of Qing (Qing Shi Gao). Volume 220. China.