Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este
Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este (born 16 December 1955) is a member of the Belgian Royal Family and has both Austrian and Belgian citizenships. Since 1996 he is also head of the House of Austria-Este, a branch of the formerly Imperial Austrian House of Habsburg-Lorraine.
Prince Lorenz was born in Clinic of Belvedere, Boulogne-Billancourt, Hauts-de-Seine, France, as the second child of Robert, Archduke of Austria-Este and of Archduchess Margaret, born Princess Margherita of Savoy-Aosta.
Education and career
After finishing school, Archduke Lorenz made his military service in the regiment of Gebirgsjäger (Alpine Hunters) of the Federal Austrian Army and was promoted as Reserve "Leutnant" (Second Lieutenant) in 1980.
Lorenz studied economics at the University of St. Gallen in Switzerland and the University of Innsbruck in Austria. He worked at various banks in London, Paris, and Rome. In 1983 he joined the Gutzwiller private bank in Basel where he eventually became a Managing Partner. In 1993, he spent one year as a consultant to Swift, a company which provides services to the financial industry. In 1995, he became Advisor to the Board of Directors of BNP Paribas Bank in Paris. He was formerly a director of UCB, Sita (a worldwide waste management company located in France) and of Ondeo Nalco (a water management company in the United States).
On 22 September 1984 in Brussels, Lorenz married Princess Astrid of Belgium, the only daughter of the then Prince and Princess of Liège, former King Albert II and Queen Paola. The couple have five children and one granddaughter:
- Prince Amedeo Marie Joseph Carl Pierre Philippe Paola Marcus d'Aviano, Archduke of Austria (born 21 February 1986 at University Clinic St Luc); married Elisabetta Maria Rosboch von Wolkenstein (b. 1987) on 5 July 2014. The couple have one daughter:
- Archduchess Anna Astrid of Austria-Este (born 17 May 2016)
- Princess Maria Laura Zita Beatrix Gerhard, Archduchess of Austria (born 26 August 1988 at University Clinic St Luc)
- Prince Joachim Karl-Maria Nikolaus Isabelle Marcus d'Aviano, Archduke of Austria (born 9 December 1991 at University Clinic St Luc)
- Princess Luisa Maria Anna Martine Pilar, Archduchess of Austria (born 11 October 1995 at Saint Jean Clinic)
- Princess Laetitia Maria Nora Anna Joachim Zita, Archduchess of Austria (born 23 April 2003 at Saint Jean Clinic)
Prince Lorenz is a godfather to Prince Carl-Johan of Nassau, youngest child of Prince Jean of Luxembourg and Count Costantino Secco di Aragona, oldest son of his cousin Archduchess Catharina-Maria of Austria.
Since 2004, Lorenz has been the honorary president of the Council of the Koninklijke Vereniging der Historische Woonsteden van België/Association Royale des Demeures Historiques de Belgique. Since 2005, he has been the Patron of Europae Thesauri, an association of European cathedral and church treasuries.
He is named member of the Royal Crown Council of Romania in 2015.
Titles and styles
- 16 December 1955 – 10 November 1995: His Imperial and Royal Highness Archduke Lorenz of Austria-Este, Prince Royal of Hungary, Bohemia and Croatia
- 10 November 1995 – 7 February 1996: His Imperial and Royal Highness Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este
- 7 February 1996 – present: His Imperial and Royal Highness Prince Lorenz of Belgium, The Archduke of Austria-Este
As head of the House of Austria-Este since his father's death on 7 February 1996, Lorenz bears the titles "Archduke of Austria-Este". The name and arms of Este were made hereditary according to male primogeniture by declaration of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria on 31 October 1914 (following the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Este) and was confirmed by Imperial Austrian letters patent, both of which conferred it (with the traditional coat-of-arms of the House of Austria-Este) upon Lorenz's father, Archduke Robert, on 16 April 1917, and has been confirmed for Lorenz by specific reference in Article IX.1 of the constitution of the Kingdom of Belgium. In addition he also bears the traditional Habsburg titles of "Prince Royal of Hungary", "Croatia and Bohemia".
The Este suffix descended by male primogeniture and is borne by Lorenz and his successors as heads of the Austria-Este cadet branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. The title "Prince of Belgium" was granted to him by Royal Decree of 10 November 1995 by his father-in-law, King Albert II of the Belgians. Depending on the situation, Lorenz is thus legally and formally styled HRH Prince Lorenz of Belgium, or internationally otherwise HI&RH Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este or simply HI&RH The Archduke of Austria-Este.
His children by Princess Astrid bear the titles "Prince(ss) of Belgium", by Belgian decree of 2 December 1991, in addition to their traditional Austrian titles, "Archduke/Archduchess of Austria, Prince(ss) Royal of Hungary".
- Germany: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- Luxembourg: Grand Cross of the Order of Adolphe of Nassau
- Netherlands: Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown
- Norway: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit
- Portugal: Grand Cross of the Order of Prince Henry
- Spain: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Civil Merit
- Sweden: Commander Grand Cross of the Royal Order of the Polar Star
- House of Habsburg: 1,285th Knight of the Imperial and Royal Austrian Order of the Golden Fleece
- Montenegrin Royal Family: Grand Cross of the Order of Prince Danilo I
- Romanian Royal Family: Grand Cross of the Royal Order of the Crown
- nomination in the board of "SIX Management SA"
- Blog article (French) about Prince Lorenz
- Association Royale des Demeures Historiques de Belgique: Conseil d'Administration
- Almanach de Gotha, Société des Amis de l'Almanach de Gotha
- Enache, Nicolas. La Descendance de Marie-Therese de Habsburg. ICC, Paris, 1996. pp. 44,50. French
- Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Furstlicher Hauser Bande XIV, C.A. Starke Verlag, Ligne, Limburg, 1991, pp. 92–95. German
- Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh (editor). Burke's Guide to the Royal Family, Burke's Peerage, London, 1973, p. 240. ISBN 0-220-66222-3
- Velde, François. Heraldica.org. Titres Royaux en Belgique, section 2.3 (French) accessdate = 31 July 2011.
- "Princess Astrid and Prince Lorenz". Official website of the Belgian Monarchy. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
- Belga Pictures, State visit of President Herzog in Belgium (1998), Group Photo
- Photo from the Royal Family's official website
- presidential website
- Alvará n.º 27/2006. Diário da República n.º 96/2006, Série II de 2006-05-18
- Boletín Oficial del Estado
Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-EsteBorn: 16 December 1955
|Titles in pretence|
|Archduke of Austria-Este
1996 – present
|Line of succession to the Austro-Hungarian throne