Prince Ludwig Gaston of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

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Ludwig Gaston
Prince of Brazil
Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Duke of Saxony
Luís de Saxe-Coburgo e Bragança.jpg
Born(1870-09-15)15 September 1870
Ebenthal, Austria-Hungary
Died23 January 1942(1942-01-23) (aged 71)
Innsbruck, Nazi Germany
Princess Mathilde of Bavaria
(m. 1900; died 1906)

Countess Anna of Trauttmansdorff-Weinsberg
(m. 1907)
Full name
Ludwig Gaston Klemens Maria Michael Gabriel Raphael Gonzaga
HouseSaxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry
FatherPrince Ludwig August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
MotherPrincess Leopoldina of Brazil
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Prince Ludwig Gaston of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Ludwig Gaston Klemens Maria Michael Gabriel Raphael Gonzaga; 15 September 1870 – 23 January 1942), known in Brazil as Dom Luís Gastão, was a German prince of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry, and the last surviving grandchild of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil.


Early life[edit]

Ludwig Gaston was born at Ebenthal castle in Austria-Hungary, the youngest son of Prince Ludwig August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Princess Leopoldina of Brazil, the second daughter of Dom Pedro II.[1][2] His siblings were Princes Peter August, August Leopold and Joseph Ferdinand. Shortly after their mother's death in 1871, Ludwig and his brothers moved to Brazil, where they lived with their maternal grandfather until a military coup d'état in 1889 abolished the monarchy, forcing the imperial family into exile.

Military and later life[edit]

Ludwig with his wife Mathilde and their son Anton.

Ludwig Gaston went to Wiener Neustadt to study at the Theresian Military Academy, where he successfully graduated in 1892. After that, he was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant of the Fourth Tiroler Jäger-Regiment of the Austro-Hungarian Army in Lienz. On 1 May 1896, Ludwig obtained the rank of First Lieutenant; on 29 March 1900, he was given command of the First Tiroler Jäger-Regiment in Innsbruck, and on 1 May 1903, he further advanced to the rank of Captain.[3] He left the army on 8 February 1907.

In Munich, on 1 May 1900, the prince married firstly Princess Mathilde, daughter of King Ludwig III of Bavaria. Their wedding was hosted by her grandfather, Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria.[4] They had two children:

  • Antonius Maria Ludwig Klemens Eugen Karl Heinrich August Luitpold Leopold Franz Wolfgang Peter Gaston Alexander Alfons Ignatius Aloysius Stanislaus (Innsbruck, 17 June 1901 – Haar, 1 September 1970), married on 14 May 1938 to Luise Mayrhofer, without issue.
  • Maria Immaculata Leopoldine Franziska Theresia Ildefonsa Adelgunde Klementine Hildegard Anna Josepha Elisabeth Sancta-Angelica Nicoletta (Innsbruck, 10 September 1904 – Varese, Italy, 18 March 1940), unmarried and without issue.

After the death of his first wife in 1906, he married for a second time Countess Anna of Trauttmansdorff-Weinsberg (1873 – 1948) at Bischofteinitz on November 30, 1907. They had one daughter:

  • Josefine Maria Anna Leopoldine Amalie Klementine Ludovica Theresia Gabriela Gonzaga (Schloß Vogelsang, 20 September 1911 – Stockdorf, 27 November 1997), married on 12 May 1937 to Richard, Freiherr von Baratta-Dragono (1901 – 1998), with issue; divorced in 1945.


Prince Ludwig Gaston died on 23 January 1942 in Innsbruck, and was buried in the St. Augustine's Church in Coburg.[5]

Titles, styles and honours[edit]

Styles of
Prince Ludwig Gaston
COA Dinasty Saxe-Coburgo-Bragança (blazon).svg
Reference styleHis Highness
Spoken styleYour Highness
Alternative styleSir

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 15 September 1870 – 23 January 1942: His Highness Prince Ludwig Gaston of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke of Saxony[6][7]


Bavaria012.png Knight of the Order of St. Hubert[8]

D-SAX Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden BAR.svg Grand Cross of the Saxe-Ernestine House Order[9]



  • Defrance, Olivier. La Médicis des Cobourg, Clémentine d’Orléans, Bruxelles, Racine, 2007 (ISBN 2873864869)
  • Bragança, Dom Carlos Tasso de Saxe-Coburgo e. A Princesa Leopoldina, in Revista do Instituto Histórico e Geográfico Brasileiro, vol. 243, 1959 (ISSN 0101-4366)
  • Bragança, Dom Carlos Tasso de Saxe-Coburgo e. Palácio Leopoldina, in Revista do Instituto Histórico e Geográfico Brasileiro, vol. 438, 2008 (ISSN 0101-4366)


  1. ^ Defrance, 232
  2. ^ Bragança (1959), 74-75
  3. ^ Edmund Glaise von Horstenau; Peter Broucek (1980). Ein General im Zwielicht: K.u.K. Generalstabsoffizier und Historiker. Böhlau Verlag Wien. p. 142. ISBN 978-3-205-08740-3.
  4. ^ Die Woche (in German), no. 20. 19 May 1900. pp. 848, 850.
  5. ^ Coburg - St. Augustinkirche
  6. ^ Bragança (1959), 87
  7. ^ Bragança (1959), 90
  8. ^ Justus Perthes, Almanach de Gotha 1913 (1913) page 92
  9. ^ Bragança (2008), 166