Prince Michael Andreevich of Russia

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Prince Michael Andreevich
Prince Michael Andreivitch Romanoff , 1942.jpg
Born (1920-07-15)15 July 1920
Versailles, France
Died 22 September 2008(2008-09-22) (aged 88)
Sydney, Australia
Spouse Jill Murphy
Shirley Cramond
Giulia Crespi
Full name
Michael Andreevich Romanoff
House Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov
Father Prince Andrei Alexandrovich of Russia
Mother Elisabetha Ruffo

Prince Michael Andreevich of Russia (15 July 1920 – 22 September 2008) was a descendant of the House of Romanov which ruled Russia from 1613 to 1917. He was a great nephew of Nicholas II, the last Emperor of Russia.

Early life[edit]

Prince Michael Andreevich was born in Versailles, the second child and eldest son of Prince Andrei Alexandrovich of Russia and Donna Elisabetta di Sasso-Ruffo (1886–1940). He was a grandson of Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia and Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia and a great nephew of Nicholas II, the last Emperor of Russia. From his father's first marriage he had two siblings, an older sister Xenia and a younger brother Andrew. From his father's second marriage he had one half sister, Olga.

Neither Grand Duke Cyril Vladimirovich nor his son Grand Duke Vladimir Cyrillovich (who were heads of the House of Romanov from 1924 to 1992) recognised Michael as a Prince of Russia. Cyril and Vladimir held that the marriage of Prince Michael Andreevitch's parents was not dynastic and that Michael had no succession rights to the Russian throne. They accorded him the title HSH Prince Romanovsky-di Sasso Ruffo."[1]

Prince Michael Andreevich was educated at Beaumont College in Old Windsor, and lived with his parents and his grandmother Grand Duchess Xenia in exile at Craigowan Lodge on the Balmoral Estate in Scotland as well as at Frogmore Cottage on the grounds of Windsor Castle. The family later stayed at Wilderness House until Michael was commissioned to serve in the Royal Navy during World War II.[2] During the war Michael served in Australia with the Fleet Air Arm. He moved there permanently following the conclusion of the war and became an aviation engineer.[3]

Marriages and later life[edit]

Prince Michael Andreevich married three times. On 24 February 1953 at Sydney he married Jill Murphy (b. 1921); the marriage was short lived and was dissolved by divorce in September 1953. On 23 July 1954 at Sydney he married Shirley Cramond (1916–1983). On 14 July 1993 at Sydney he married Giulia Crespi (b. 1930). Michael had no children from any of his marriages.

In 1980 Prince Michael Andreevich became Imperial protector of the Sovereign Order of the Orthodox Knights Hospitaller of St. John of Jerusalem which was formerly under the protection of his father Prince Andrei and uncle Prince Vasili.[4] In 2006 he was elected Grand Prior.[5] This group is not recognized by the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, or the Associated Orders of St. John.[6] He was also vice president of the Romanov Family Association.

Prince Michael Andreevich died at 2am on 22 September 2008 in Sydney, Australia, the same day as his cousin, Prince Michael Feodorovich of Russia, the son of Prince Feodor Alexandrovich of Russia.

Title and styles[edit]

N.B. After the Russian revolution members of the Imperial family tended to drop the territorial designation “of Russia” and use the princely title with the surname Romanov.[7] However this title, and even his right to the surname Romanov were disputed by some.[8]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Decree of Emperor Kirill I on Titles for the Morganatic Wives of Members of the Imperial House and their Posterity, 15/28 July 1935.". Chancellery of the Russian Imperial House. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  2. ^ van der Kiste, John; Coryne Hall (2004). Once A Grand Duchess. Sutton Publishing. pp. 185, 212. ISBN 0-7509-3521-9. 
  3. ^ Godl, John (2000-02-26). "Remembering Anna Anderson (Part II), His Highness Michael Romanoff, Prince of Russia". Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  4. ^ "OSJ Endorsement". World Organisation of Natural Medicine. Archived from the original on 7 January 2009. Retrieved 16 April 2015. 
  5. ^ "Deaths Romanoff, H.H. Prince Michael". The New York Times. 2008-09-28. Retrieved 2009-03-24. 
  6. ^ Sainty, Guy Stair. "History of the Self-Styled Orders of St. John" (PDF). Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  7. ^ Almanach de Gotha (186th ed.). 2003. p. 314. ISBN 0-9532142-4-9. 
  8. ^ "Dynastic Succession". imperialhouse.ru. Retrieved 26 July 2009. 

External links[edit]