Prince Paul of Württemberg
|Born||19 January 1785|
St Petersburg, Russian Empire
|Died||16 April 1852 (aged 67)|
|Spouse||Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Hildburghausen|
Magdalena Fausta Angela de Creus y Ximenes
|Issue||Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia|
Prince Paul Friedrich
Pauline, Duchess of Nassau
|House||House of Württemberg|
|Father||Frederick I of Württemberg|
|Mother||Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel|
Prince Paul of Württemberg (Paul Heinrich Karl Friedrich August; 19 January 1785 – 16 April 1852) was the fourth child and second son of King Frederick I and his wife, Duchess Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.
Paul was born in St. Petersburg during a period when his father, not yet the ruler of Württemberg, was made governor of Old Finland by Catherine the Great in Russia. The couple had traveled to Russia to visit Frederick's sister Sophie, who was married to the heir to the Russian throne, the Tsesarevich Paul. Prince Paul's parents separated shortly after his birth. The marriage was unhappy, and there were allegations of abusive treatment of his mother. His mother was granted asylum by Catherine the Great and never returned to Württemberg. She died in exile in Koluvere, Estonia, in 1788. In 1797, Frederick married Charlotte, Princess Royal, eldest daughter of King George III of the United Kingdom, who supervised the education of Paul and his two surviving siblings, Wilhelm and Catharina. Charlotte regarded Paul as "a very comical boy and, in my partial eyes, his manners are like Adolphus [Charlotte's younger brother]."
As Paul grew up, her opinion changed. During the visit of the Allied sovereigns to London in 1814, Paul, along with many other princes, was taken to visit the Ascot races by the Prince Regent. He behaved badly and got the Prince of Orange blind drunk. "For thirteen years he has done nothing but offend his father with the improprieties of his conduct", his stepmother wrote.
Marriage and children
- Friederike Charlotte Marie (9 January 1807 – 2 February 1873); married Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich of Russia
- Frederick Karl August (21 February 1808 – 9 May 1870); married his cousin Princess Catherine Frederica of Württemberg and was the father of William II of Württemberg.
- Paul Friedrich (7 March 1809 – 28 May 1810)
- Pauline Friederike Marie (25 February 1810 – 7 July 1856); married William, Duke of Nassau; mother of Sophia of Nassau, wife of Oscar II of Sweden. Through Pauline, Paul is an ancestor of the present Belgian, Danish, Dutch, Luxembourg, Norwegian and Swedish royal families.
- August (24 January 1813 – 12 January 1885); married (morganatically) Marie Bethge, with issue.
Shortly before his marriage, Paul had a mistress, an actress named Friederike Margrethe Porth (22 August 1776, Halberstadt - 9 June 1860, Frankfurt am Main). Friederike was the daughter of Johann Carl Porth (1748, Barchwitz, Silesia - 18 June 1794, Weimar) and his wife Caroline (c. 1752 - died after 1797, Weimar).
Paul and Friederike had a daughter named Adhelaide Paulina, alias Karoline, von Rothenburg (28 November 1805, Frankfurt am Main - 13 February 1872, Frankfurt am Main). On 16 February 1836, in Augsburg, Karoline married Karl, Baron von Pfeffel (22 November 1811, Dresden - 25 January 1890, Munich).
Karoline and Karl had at least one son Hubert, Baron von Pfeffel, born in Munich on 8 December 1843, who married Hélène Arnous-Rivière, born on 14 January 1862.
Marie and Stanley's daughter Irene Williams married Osman Wilfred Kemal, alias Wilfred Johnson, born in 1909 at Bournemouth, Dorset. Osman was the son of Ali Kemal Bey (1867 - 6 November 1922, İzmit), sometime Interior Minister of Turkey, by his first wife Winifred Brun.
Irene and Wilfred's son, Stanley Patrick Johnson (born 18 August 1940 in Penzance, Cornwall), married firstly Charlotte Fawcett, daughter of Sir James Fawcett (1913–1991). They had four children before they were divorced. Wilfred later married Jennifer Kidd and had two further children. Charlotte later married American academic Nicholas Wahl. The four children born to Stanley and Charlotte are:
- Alexander Boris de Pfeffel Johnson (born 19 June 1964 in New York City), Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, former Mayor of London and former UK Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs.
- Rachel Johnson (born 1965), a journalist, married to Ivo Dawnay, the communications director of the National Trust, and has three children;
- Joseph Edmund "Jo" Johnson (born 1971), Conservative MP for Orpington and Head of Lex at the Financial Times, married to Amelia Gentleman, a journalist for The Guardian and the daughter of artist and designer David Gentleman, and has two children, Rose and William;
- Leo Johnson, an entrepreneur.
In 1815 Paul moved from his home in Stuttgart to Paris, leaving his wife and two sons, but taking his daughters with him. There he led a relatively modest life, but was frequently in the company of intellectuals such as Georges Cuvier. Paul's family did not approve of this and ordered him to return to Württemberg, but he refused. While in Paris, he fathered two illegitimate daughters by mistresses.
Shortly after the death of his wife in 1847, Paul went to England with his long-term mistress Magdalena Fausta Angela de Creus (or Creux) y Ximenes or Madeleine Creux, the widow of Sir Sandford Whittingham KCB, and they were married in the Parish Church of St Nicholas, Brighton, Sussex, on 26 April 1848. She died in Paris, 27 December 1852. Their daughter Pauline Madeleine Ximenes, who had been born in Paris 3 March 1825, was created Countess von Helfenstein in 1841. She married Count Gustave de Monttessuy in Paris on 24 August 1843 and died in Paris on 24 February 1905.
Paul died in Paris aged 67.
- Fraser, Flora (2007). Princesses — The Six Daughters of George III. London: John Murray. p. 196. ISBN 0-7195-6109-4.
- Lea Thies: Londons OB entdeckt berühmte Verwandtschaft. Augsburger Allgemeine, 27 August 2008, website in German language
- Zeepvat, Charlotte (2006). Romanov Autumn. Stroud: Sutton. pp. 21–22. ISBN 0-7509-4418-8.
- Family Tree Magazine, volume 21, no. 4 (February 2005) page 14, and no. 8 (July 2005) page 22.
- Michel Huberty, Alain Giraud and F. & B. Magdelaine, L'Allemagne Dynastique, volume 2 (1979) pages 504-7, Note 17a.