Prince Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza
|Prince Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza|
|Head of the Imperial House of Brazil (disputed)|
|Reign||29 January 1940 – 27 December 2007|
|Successor||Prince Pedro Carlos of Orléans-Braganza|
19 February 1913|
Eu, Seine-Maritime, France
27 December 2007 (aged 94)|
Villamanrique de la Condesa, Seville, Spain
|Spouse||Princess Maria de la Esperanza of Bourbon-Two Sicilies|
Prince Pedro Carlos|
Princess Maria da Gloria
Prince Alfonso Duarte
Prince Manuel Álvaro
Princess Cristina Maria
Prince Francisco Humberto
|Father||Pedro de Alcântara, Prince of Grão-Pará|
|Mother||Countess Elisabeth Dobržensky de Dobrženicz|
Prince Pedro Gastão
|Reference style||His Imperial and Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Imperial and Royal Highness|
Prince Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza (born Pierre-d'Alcantara Gaston Jean Marie Philippe Laurent Hubert d'Orléans et Bragance ; in Portuguese, Pedro de Alcântara Gastão João Maria Filipe Lourenço Humberto Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orléans e Bragança e Dobrzensky de Dobrzenicz) (19 February 1913 – 27 December 2007) was one of two claimants to the Brazilian throne and head of the Petrópolis branch of the Brazilian Imperial House.
Prince Pedro Gastão was the son of Pedro de Alcântara, Prince of Grão-Pará and his wife Countess Elisabeth Dobržensky de Dobrženicz. He was born in Eu, France. His father was expected to eventually inherit the imperial throne of Brazil, as his mother was the elder child and heir presumptive of Emperor Pedro II. The monarchy was, however, overthrown in 1889 and the former imperial family went to France in exile. Until Dom Pedro de Alcântara's renunciation at the time of his marriage to a woman who was not of royal birth, he was to succeed his mother as imperial pretender, leading the Brazilian restoration movement from abroad.
Pedro Gastão spent his youth in Europe, largely at his family's Parisian home in the Boulogne sur Seine suburb: "I have very good memories of my grandparents...In exile in France I was always brought up thinking of Brazil not France or Portugal."
A few years before his death Pedro Gastão's father Prince Pedro de Alcântara told a Brazilian newspaper:
- "My resignation was not valid for many reasons: besides, it was not a hereditary resignation."
Following the death of his father, and supported by Infante Alfonso, Duke of Calabria and Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona he declared himself head of the Imperial Family of Brazil. His position was supported by Francisco Morato, law professor at the University of São Paulo, who concluded the resignation of Pedro Gastão's father was not a valid legal or monarchical act. Professor Paulo Napoleão Nogueira da Silva in the 1990s published a report saying that the resignation of his father was invalid under all possible aspects of Brazilian Law.
He represented a rival claim to that of his cousin's son, Prince Luiz of Orléans-Braganza, to be the heir of the deposed Emperor Pedro II of Brazil, despite the renunciation signed by his father in 1908 when he married, without dynastic approval, a Bohemian noblewoman.
Pedro Gastão died aged 94 on 27 December 2007.
Marriage and children
He married Princess Maria de la Esperanza of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1914–2005), a daughter of Prince Carlos of the Two Sicilies and Princess Louise of Orléans, on 18 December 1944 in Seville, Spain, and had six children:
- Prince Pedro Carlos of Orléans-Braganza (31 October 1945), married Rony Kuhn de Souza (20 March 1938–14 January 1979) 2 September 1975, with issue. He remarried Patricia Branscombe 16 July 1981, with issue:
- Pedro Tiago de Orléans e Bragança 12 January 1979
- Felipe de Orléans e Bragança 31 December 1982
- Princess Maria da Gloria of Orléans-Braganza (13 December 1946), married Alexander, Crown Prince of Serbia and Yugoslavia 1 July 1972, divorced 1985, with issue. She remarried Ignacio de Medina y Fernández de Córdoba, 19th Duke of Segorbe on 24 October 1985, with issue:
- Prince Alfonso of Orléans-Braganza (25 April 1948), married Maria Parejo Gurruchaga (born 1954) 3 January 1973, divorced with issue. He remarried Silvia-Amália Hungria de Silva Machado 19 November 2002.
- Maria de Orléans-Bragança (born 1974)
- Julia de Orléans-Bragança (born 1977)
- Prince Manuel of Orléans-Braganza (17 June 1949), married Margarita Haffner (10 December 1945) 12 December 1977, divorced 1995, with issue:
- Luiza de Orléans-Bragança (born 1978)
- Manuel de Orléans-Bragança (born 1981)
- Princess Cristina of Orléans-Braganza (16 October 1950), married 16 May 1980 Prince Jan Pavel Sapieha-Rozanski (26 August 1935), 16 May 1980, sometime Belgian ambassador to Brazil divorced 1988, with issue:
- Prince Francisco of Orléans-Braganza (9 December 1956), married Christina Schmidt-Pecanha (14 January 1953) 28 January 1978, divorced, with issue. He remarried Rita de Cássia Pires 1980, with issue:
- Francisco de Orléans-Bragança (born 1979)
- Maria Isabel de Orléans-Bragança (born 1982)
- Gabriel de Orléans-Bragança (born 1989)
- Manuela de Orléans-Bragança (born 1997)
|Ancestors of Prince Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza|
- Morre na Espanha dom Pedro Gastão de Orléans e Bragança
- Handler, Bruce (5 March 1989). "Brazil to Decide on Return of Monarchy". Los Angeles Times: 34.
- Bailey, Anthony (January 1998). "Dom Pedro and the lost empire". Royalty: 54–59.
- Bodstein, Astrid (2006). "The Imperial Family of Brazil". Royalty Digest Quarterly (3). Archived from the original on 16 October 2007. Retrieved 28 December 2007.
- "The Amazon Throne". Archived from the original on 8 October 2006. Retrieved 1 February 2007.
- Willis, Daniel A., ‘’The Descendants of King George I of Great Britain’’, Clearfield Company, 2002, pp. 141-142. ISBN 0-8063-5172-1
- Genealogy of Prince Pedro Gastão
- Menthe, Caterina. 13 February 2013 Love royale. Vogue Arabia
- Brazilian Constitutional Monarchy Historic-Cultural Website
- Brilliant Match – Time Magazine
- Elisabeth Dobrzensky von Dobrzenicz "Empress of Brazil"[permanent dead link]
- Royal Ark
Prince Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza
Cadet branch of the House of OrléansBorn: 19 February 1913 Died: 27 December 2007
|Titles in pretence|
|— TITULAR —
Emperor of Brazil
Petrópolis pretender to the Brazilian throne
29 January 1940 – 27 December 2007
Reason for succession failure:
Empire abolished in 1889
Prince Pedro Carlos