Richard von Metternich

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Richard
Richard Klemens von Metternich.jpg
Prince of Metternich-Winneburg zu Beilstein
Reign1859 - 1895
Full name
Richard Klemens Josef Lothar Hermann
Born(1829-01-07)7 January 1829
Died1 March 1895(1895-03-01) (aged 67)
Noble familyMetternich
Spouse(s)Countess Pauline Sándor de Szlavnicza
Issue
Princess Sophie von Metternich-Sandor Winneburg
Princess Pascalina Antoinette von Metternich-Sandor Winneburg
Princess Klementina Marie von Metternich-Sandor Winneburg
FatherKlemens, Prince of Metternich-Winneburg zu Beilstein
MotherBaroness Maria Antoinette von Leykam

Richard Klemens Josef Lothar Hermann, 2nd Prince of Metternich-Winneburg zu Beilstein (German: Richard Klemens, Fürst von Metternich-Winneburg zu Beilstein; 7 January 1829 – 1 March 1895), usually known as Richard von Metternich, was an Austrian diplomat and the eldest surviving son of the diplomat Klemens, Prince of Metternich-Winneburg zu Beilstein.

Early life[edit]

Richard Metternich was born into the House of Metternich in Vienna on 7 January 1829. He was the eldest surviving son of Klemens von Metternich and his second wife, Baroness Maria Antonia von Leykam (1806–1829). His father, who was previously married to Countess Eleonore von Kaunitz, had served as Foreign Minister and Chancellor of the Austrian Empire.[1]

His paternal grandparents were Franz George Karl Count Metternich-Winneburg zu Beilstein, a diplomat who served the Archbishopric of Trier before the Imperial court, and his wife Countess Maria Beatrice Aloisia von Kageneck. His mother was a granddaughter of former Austrian chancellor Wenzel Kaunitz.[2]

Career[edit]

In 1855, Metternich followed his father into diplomacy, joining the Austrian Empire's embassy to the Second French Empire in Paris as a Legationssekretär (essentially a junior diplomat on a probation period). The next year, he was named Austria's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Kingdom of Saxony and took up his post in Dresden.[3]

In 1861, Emperor Franz Joseph I issued his February Patent and the follow-up October Diploma, thus creating the new Austrian Reichsrat. Metternich became an hereditary member of the Herrenhaus, the upper house of the new Reichsrat.[4]

From 1859 to 1870, Metternich served as Ambassador of the Austrian Empire (after 1867, of Austria–Hungary) to the court of Napoleon III of France. During this period, his wife played a prominent role in Parisian society.

Metternich attempted to convince France to intervene on behalf of Austria during the Austro-Prussian War, but he was unsuccessful in this attempt. In 1857, while serving at the Imperial court, Metternich received the highest mark in the celebrated dictée de Mérimée.

In retirement, he edited and arranged for the publication of his father's memoirs.[5]

Personal life[edit]

Portrait by his wife Pauline by Franz Xaver Winterhalter, 1860.

In 1856, he was married to his half-niece, Pauline Sándor de Szlavnicza.[6] She was the daughter of his half-sister, Princess Leontine von Metternich (from his father's first wife) and Count Moritz Sándor de Szlavnicza. His wife was thereafter commonly known as Princess Pauline von Metternich. Together, Richard and Pauline had three children:

  • Princess Sophie von Metternich-Winneburg (1857–1941), married on 24 April 1878 Albrecht Fst zu Oettingen-Oettingen und Oettingen-Spielberg (d. 1916). Her grandson, Franz Albrecht, Duke of Ratibor u. Corvey (1920–2009), was adopted in 1926/7 by her sister, Klementina, and took the additional surname "Metternich-Sándor"
  • Princess Antoinette Pascalina von Metternich-Sándor Winneburg (1862–1890)
  • Princess Klementina Marie von Metternich-Sándor Winneburg (1870–1963)

He died on 1 March 1895. Since his marriage produced three daughters, after his death, the princely title of Fürst passed to his half-brother, Paul von Metternich.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, Alan (1972). Metternich: Councillor of Europe (1997 reprint ed.). London: Orion. pp. 5–6, 339. ISBN 978-1-85799-868-9.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  2. ^ Cecil, Algernon (1947). Metternich (3rd ed.). London: Eyre and Spottiswoode. pp. 78–79.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  3. ^ Hans-Ulrich Wehler: Deutsche Gesellschaftsgeschichte. Bd. 2: Von der Reformära bis zur industriellen und politischen Deutschen Doppelrevolution 1815–1845/49. C. H. Beck, München, 1989, ISBN 3-406-32262-X.
  4. ^ Thomas Nipperdey: Deutsche Geschichte 1866–1918. Machtstaat vor der Demokratie. C. H. Beck, München 1992, ISBN 3-406-34801-7.
  5. ^ R. Lorenz: Metternich-Winneburg Richard Klemens Fürst. In: Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Band 6, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien 1975, ISBN 3-7001-0128-7, S. 250.
  6. ^ "Paulina Sandor at thePeerage". Thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2012-08-19.
  7. ^ Thomas Nipperdey: Deutsche Geschichte 1800–1866. Bürgerwelt und starker Staat. München, 1998 ISBN 3-406-44038-X.