Prince of Asturias

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"Princess of Asturias" redirects here. For the wife of a Prince of Asturias, see Princess of Asturias (by marriage).
"Principe de Asturias" redirects here. For the former flagship, see Principe de Asturias (R11). For the ocean liner, see Príncipe de Asturias (ocean liner).
Princess of Asturias
Princesa de Asturias
Coat of Arms of Leonor, Princess of Asturias.svg
Estandarte de Leonor Princesa de Asturias.svg
Incumbent
Leonor, Princess of Asturias

since 19 June 2014
Style His/Her Royal Highness
Doña
Residence The Prince’s Pavilion
at the Zarzuela Palace
Appointer The King of Spain
Term length Life tenure or until accession to the throne
Inaugural holder Henry III of Castile
Formation 1388

Prince or Princess of Asturias (Spanish: Príncipe/Princesa de Asturias), under the Spanish Constitution of 1978, is the historical and official title given to the heir apparent or heir presumptive to the Spanish throne. It was also the title under the earlier Crown of Castile. The current heir presumptive to the Spanish throne is Leonor, Princess of Asturias, daughter of King Felipe VI and Queen Letizia. Other associated titles originate from some of the other kingdoms that formed Spain: Prince of Viana (for Navarre), Prince of Girona (for Aragon), Duke of Montblanc (for Catalonia), Count of Cervera (for Valencia) and Lord of Balaguer (for Majorca).

Military dictator Francisco Franco appointed Juan Carlos de Borbón as his "successor with the title of king" but gave him the new title of Prince of Spain instead of Prince of Asturias.

Felipe VI, during his tenure as Prince of Asturias, instituted what is now called the Princess of Asturias Awards.

Príncipe de Asturias Peak in Vinson Massif, Antarctica is named after the Prince of Asturias.

History[edit]

After the death of King Peter in 1369, the Crown of Castile was drawn yet deeper in a civil war, disputes and long rivalled between English claimant, John, Duke of Lancaster, and two successive Trastámara claimants, Henry II and his son John I. After two decades of conflicts of varying intensity, the parties arrived at compromise through means of marriage: the future Henry III (1379–1406) was married to Catherine of Lancaster in 1388. A part of the pact ("Accord of Bayonne") was to elevate the young couple to a title, Prince and Princess of Asturias, which was modelled after that of Prince of Wales in England. The title was to belong to the official successor of the Castilian throne. Thus the first Prince and Princess of Asturias were Henry of Castile and Catherine of Lancaster.

In the first years the title was not only honorary, as it included the ownership of the territory of Asturias; the Prince ruled the Principality in representation of the King and was able to appoint judges, mayors, etc. This was changed by the Catholic Monarchs, who limited the scope of the title making it merely honorary; this decision was upheld by the members of the House of Habsburg and the House of Bourbon until the present day.

List[edit]

Image Name Heir to From Until
Year Cause
Segovia Alcazar stained glass 05.jpg Henry
(1379–1406)
John I
(father)
1388 1390 ascended the throne as Henry III
Marie Kastilie.jpg Maria
(1401–1458)
Henry III
(father)
1402 1405 displaced by the birth of brother
Burgos - Cartuja de Miraflores - Tumba de Juan II de Castilla.jpg John
(1405–1454)
1405 1406 ascended the throne as John II
Coat of Arms of the Prince of Asturias (c.1400-1468).svg Catherine
(1422–1424)
John II
(father)
1423 1424 died
Coat of Arms of the Prince of Asturias (c.1400-1468).svg Eleanor
(1423–1425)
1424 1425 displaced by the birth of brother
Enrique IV.jpg Henry
(1425–1474)
1425 1454 ascended the throne as Henry IV
Juana la Beltraneja.jpg Joanna
(1462–1530)
Henry IV
(father)
1462 1464 disinherited in favour of half-aunt
Cartuja de Miraflores (Burgos) - Tumba de Alfonso de Castilla - Detalle.jpg Alfonso
(1453–1468)
Henry IV
(half-brother)
1465 1468 died
Isabel la reina catolica.jpg Isabella
(1451–1504)
1468 1470 disinherited in favour of half-niece
Juana la Beltraneja.jpg Joanna
(1462–1530)
Henry IV
(father)
1470 1474 crown assumed by Isabella I
Elisabet, reina de Portugal.jpg Isabella
(1470–1498)
Isabella I
(mother)
1476 1480 displaced by the birth of brother
Juan de Flandes Hispano-Flemish The Baptism of Christ c. 1508-1519.jpg John
(1478–1497)
1480 1497 died
Elisabet, reina de Portugal.jpg Isabella
(1470–1498)
1498 1498 died
Coat of Arms of John of Aragon and Castile, Prince of Asturias and Girona (with crest).svg Miguel
(1498–1500)
Isabella I
(grandmother)
1499 1500 died
Juan de Flandes 003.jpg Joanna
(1479–1555)
Isabella I
(mother)
1502 1504 ascended the throne
Charles V. - after Bernaerd van Orley - depot Louvre-Musée de Brou, Bourg-en-Bresse.jpg Charles
(1500–1558)
Joanna
(mother)
1504 1516 ascended the throne as Charles I
Philip II of Spain (young, French School).jpg Philip
(1527–1598)
Charles I and Joanna
(father and grandmother)
1528 1556 ascended the throne as Philip II
Alonso Sánchez Coello 005.jpg Carlos
(1545–1568)
Philip II
(father)
1560 1568 died
Alonso Sánchez Coello - Portrait of Infante Ferdinand of Spain - Walters 37551.jpg Ferdinand
(1571–1578)
1573 1578 died
DiegoSpanien.jpg Diego
(1575–1582)
1580 1582 died
Juan Pantoja de la Cruz 002.jpg Philip
(1578–1621)
1584 1598 ascended the throne as Philip III
Philip IV of Spain as Prince of Asturias, Bartolome Gonzalez y Serrano 003.jpg Philip of Austria
(1605–1665)
Philip III
(father)
1608 1621 ascended the throne as Philip IV
Diego Velázquez 070.jpg Balthasar Charles
(1629–1646)
Philip IV
(father)
1632 1646 died
Prince Philip Prospero by Diego Velázquez.jpg Philip Prosper
(1657–1661)
1658 1661 died
Retrato ecuestre de Carlos II niño.jpg Charles
(1661–1700)
1661 1665 ascended the throne as Charles II
Luis I, príncipe de Asturias.jpg Louis
(1707–1724)
Philip V
(father)
1709 1724 ascended the throne as Louis I
Fernando6.jpg Ferdinand
(1713–1759)
1724 1746 ascended the throne as Ferdinand VI
Anton Raphael Mengs, Prince of Asturias, Future Charles IV of Spain (са 1765) - 02.jpg Charles
(1716–1788)
Charles III
(father)
1760 1788 ascended the throne as Charles IV
Fernando de Borbón, príncipe de Asturias.jpg Ferdinand
(1784–1833)
Charles IV
(father)
1789 1808 ascended the throne as Ferdinand VII
Doña Isabel II, niña (anónimo).jpg Isabella
(1830–1904)
Ferdinand VII
(father)
1830
(1833)[1]
1833 ascended the throne as Isabella II
Isabella, Infanta of Spain and Princess of Asturias.jpg Isabella
(1851–1931)
Isabella II
(mother)
1851 1857 Displaced by the birth of her brother
Alfonso XII de España, c. 1870.jpg Alfonso
(1857–1885)
Isabella II
(mother)
1857 1868 mother's deposition
Emanuel Filiberto d'Aosta.jpg Emmanuel Philibert
(1869–1931)
Amadeus 1871 1873 father's abdication
Infanta Isabella of Spain (1851–1931).jpg Isabella
(1851–1931)
Alfonso XII
(brother)
1875 1880 displaced
María de las Mercedes de Borbón y Habsburgo-Lorena.JPG Mercedes
(1880–1904)
Alfonso XII
(father)
Alfonso XIII
(Brother)
1880
1886
1885
1904
displaced
Crown Prince Spain (LOC) (cropped).jpg Alfonso
(1907–1938)
Alfonso XIII
(father)
1907 1933 renounced his succession rights
J. de Borbón.jpg Juan
(1913–1993)
1933 1941 Recognized as heir apparent to the Spanish throne and held the title in pretense from 21 June 1933, but preferred to use the title Count of Barcelona; renounced his claim to the throne in favor of his son, Juan Carlos on 14 May 1977
Felipe de Borbón en 2012.jpg Felipe
(1968–)
Juan Carlos I
(father)
1977 2014 ascended the throne as Felipe VI
Coat of Arms of Leonor, Princess of Asturias.svg Leonor
(2005–)
Felipe VI
(father)
2014 Incumbent

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Proclaimed Princess of Asturias by a Royal Decree of 13 October 1830 and sworn as the heir to the throne on 20 June 1833

External links[edit]