Prince of Portugal

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For the title given to all children of the Portuguese monarch, see Infante of Portugal

Prince of Portugal (Portuguese: Príncipe de Portugal), officially Hereditary Prince of Portugal (Príncipe Herdeiro de Portugal), was the title held by the heir-apparent to the Kingdom of Portugal, from 1433 to 1645.

The title differs from the title Infante of Portugal, which is the title given to all children of the monarch except the heir, and is often translated into English as "prince".

History[edit]

Due to English tradition introduced to the Portuguese court by Philippa of Lancaster, her son Edward I of Portugal sought to create a princely title for the heir-apparent, much like the Prince of Wales, to distinguish him from his siblings, who were Infantes of Portugal. Until that time, the heir to the throne was also titled Infante.

In 1433 Edward created his eldest son, the future Afonso V of Portugal, Prince of Portugal. The monarchies of Castile, Aragon and England already had princely titles for their heirs-apparent and now Portugal had one, so that foreign powers would not underestimate the prestige of the Kingdom

In 1645, the title was replaced with the more prestigious Prince of Brazil.

List of Princes of Portugal[edit]

Name Lifespan Tenure Notes Parents Image Heir To
Afonso 15 January 1432 – 28 August 1481 1433 - 13 September 1438 Later:
King Afonso V of Portugal and the Algarves
Duarte I of Portugal
Leonor of Aragon
Afonso V.jpg Duarte I of Portugal
Fernando 17 November 1433 - 18 September 1470 (1st Time)
13 September 1438 - 29 January 1451
(2nd Time)
1451 - 6 February 1452
Also:
Duke of Beja and Duke of Viseu
Duarte I of Portugal
Leonor of Aragon
Infante d fernando.jpg Afonso V of Portugal
João 29 January 1451 - 1451 29 January 1451 - 1451 Premature death Afonso V of Portugal
Isabella of Coimbra
Coat of Arms of the Prince of Portugal (1481-1910).png Afonso V of Portugal
Joana 6 February 1452 - 12 May 1490 29 January 1451 - 3 March 1455 Also:
Saint Princess Joana of Portugal
Afonso V of Portugal
Isabella of Coimbra
Selige Johanna.jpg Afonso V of Portugal
João 3 March 1455 – 25 October 1495 (1st Time)
3 March 1455 - 11 November 1477
(2nd Time)
15 November 1477 - 28 August 1481
Later:
King João II of Portugal and the Algarves
Afonso V of Portugal
Isabella of Coimbra
Portrait of John II of Portugal.jpg Afonso V of Portugal
Afonso 18 May 1475 – 13 July 1491 (1st Time)
11 November 1477 - 15 November 1477
(2nd Time)
28 August 1481 - 13 July 1491
Premature death John II of Portugal
Eleanor of Viseu
Coat of Arms of the Prince of Portugal (1481-1910).png João II of Portugal
Manuel 31 May 1469 – 13 December 1521 13 July 1491 - 25 October 1495 Later:
King Manuel I of Portugal and the Algarves
Infante Fernando, Duke of Viseu
Infanta Beatriz of Portugal
Manuel I.jpg João II of Portugal
Miguel da Paz 23 August 1498 –19 July 1500 23 August 1498 - 19 July 1500 Premature death Manuel I of Portugal
Isabella of Aragon
Coat of Arms of the Prince of Portugal (1481-1910).png Manuel I of Portugal
João 7 June 1502 – 11 June 1557 7 June 1502 - 13 December 1521 Later:
King João III of Portugal and the Algarves
Manuel I of Portugal
Maria of Aragon
O Príncipe D. João III.jpg Manuel I of Portugal
Luís 3 March 1506 - 27 November 1555 (1st Time)
13 December 1521 - 24 February 1526
(2nd Time)
12 April 1526 - 15 October 1527
Also:
Duke of Beja
Manuel I of Portugal
Maria of Aragon
Príncipe D. Luís, duque de beja.jpg João III of Portugal
Afonso 24 February 1526 - 12 April 1526 24 February 1526 - 12 April 1526 Premature death João III of Portugal
Catherine of Austria
Coat of Arms of the Prince of Portugal (1481-1910).png João III of Portugal
Maria Manuela 15 October 1527 - 12 August 1545 15 October 1527 - 11 November 1531 Also:
Maria Manuela, Princess of Asturias
João III of Portugal
Catherine of Austria
Reina Maria de Portugal.jpg João III of Portugal
Manuel 11 November 1531 - 14 April 1537 11 November 1531 - 14 April 1537 Premature death João III of Portugal
Catherine of Austria
Coat of Arms of the Prince of Portugal (1481-1910).png João III of Portugal
Filipe 25 March 1533 - 29 April 1539 14 April 1537 - 29 April 1539 Premature death João III of Portugal
Catherine of Austria
Coat of Arms of the Prince of Portugal (1481-1910).png João III of Portugal
João Manuel 3 June 1537 – 2 January 1554 29 April 1539 - 2 January 1554 Premature death João III of Portugal
Catherine of Austria
Joao manuel principe portugal.jpg João III of Portugal
Sebastião 20 January 1554 - 4 August 1578 20 January 1554 - 11 June 1557 Later:
King Sebastião I of Portugal and the Algarves
João Manuel, Prince of Portugal
Joanna of Austria
Sebastiao de Portugal 1865.jpg João III of Portugal
Diogo 15 August 1575 – 21 November 1582 25 March 1581 - 21 November 1582 Premature death Filipe I of Portugal
Anna of Austria
DiegoSpanien.jpg Filipe I of Portugal
Filipe 14 April 1578 – 31 March 1621 21 November 1582 - 13 September 1598 Later:
King Filipe II of Portugal and the Algarves
Filipe I of Portugal
Anna of Austria
Philip III of Spain - Succa.jpg Filipe I of Portugal
Ana 22 September 1601 – 20 January 1666 22 September 1601 - 8 April 1605 Also:
Ana, Queen of France and Navarre
Filipe II of Portugal
Margaret of Austria
Juan Pantoja de la Cruz 004.jpg Filipe II of Portugal
Filipe 8 April 1605 – 17 September 1665 8 April 1605 - 31 March 1621 Later:
King Filipe III of Portugal and the Algarves
Filipe II of Portugal
Margaret of Austria
Villandrando infante felipe.jpg Filipe II of Portugal
Baltasar Carlos 17 October 1629 - 9 October 1646 8 April 1605 - 1 December 1640 Housed deposed Filipe III of Portugal
Elisabeth of France
Diego Velázquez 070.jpg Filipe III of Portugal
Teodósio 17 October 1629 - 9 October 1646 8 April 1605 - 27 October 1645 Title change João IV of Portugal
Luisa de Guzmán
Teodosio principe.jpg João IV of Portugal

See also[edit]