List of Princes of Salerno
These are the rulers of the Principality of Salerno.
When Prince Sicard of Benevento was assassinated by Radelchis in 839, the people of Salerno promptly proclaimed his brother, Siconulf, prince. War raged between Radelchis and Siconulf until Emperor Louis II came down and forced a peace in 851, confirming Siconulf as prince of Salerno. The chronology is very confusing from then on until the assassination of Adhemar, when a new dynasty took the throne. These are the rulers:
- 840–851 Siconulf
- 851–853 Sico II
- 853 Peter
- 853–861 Adhemar
- 861–880 Guaifer
- 880–900 Guaimar I
- 900–946 Guaimar II
- 946–978 Gisulf I
- 973 Landulf of Conza, in opposition
- 978–981 Pandulf I Ironhead, also ruled Benevento–Capua (from 961) and Spoleto (from 967)
- 981 Pandulf II (declared "heir" in 973)
- 981–983 Manso, also Duke of Amalfi (966–1004)
- 981–983 John I, son, co-reigned with Manso
- 983–994 John II, overthrew Manso and John I
- 994–1027 Guaimar III, second son
- 1027–1052 Guaimar IV, also ruled Amalfi (1039–1043), Gaeta (1040–1041), and Capua (1038–1047)
- 1052 Pandulf (III), usurper
- 1052–1077 Gisulf II, also ruled Amalfi (1088–1089)
Salerno was besieged by the Normans of Robert Guiscard and Prince Richard I of Capua until it fell on 13 December 1076. Prince Gisulf II surrendered the next year and the principality, the final Lombard state in Italy, fell. Salerno became the capital of Guiscard's duchy of Apulia, Calabria, and Sicily.
"Prince of Salerno" was also a title created by Charles I of Naples (reigned 1266-1285) for his son, later Charles II of Naples. It was regularly used for the heirs of the Kings of Naples and later the Two Sicilies. In the fourteenth century, most of the province of Salerno became the territory of the Princes of Sanseverino.