Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire

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Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire
PWO cap badge.GIF
Cap badge of the Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire
Active1958–2006
Allegiance United Kingdom
Branch British Army
TypeLine infantry
SizeOne battalion
Part ofKing's Division
Garrison/HQImphal Barracks, York
MarchQuick - Ca Ira and Yorkshire Lass
Mascot(s)Imphal and Quebec - Ferrets
Insignia
Tactical Recognition FlashPWORY TRF.svg

The Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire was an infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the King's Division. It was created in 1958 by the amalgamation of the West Yorkshire Regiment (Prince of Wales's Own) (14th Foot) and the East Yorkshire Regiment (Duke of York's Own) (15th Foot). After 48 years service, the regiment was amalgamated again, this time with two other Yorkshire regiments. It became the 1st Battalion of the Yorkshire Regiment (14th/15th, 19th, 33rd and 76th Foot), with the Green Howards (19th Foot) forming the 2nd Battalion and the Duke of Wellington's Regiment (33rd/76th Foot) forming the 3rd Battalion on 6 June 2006. Following further merges, in 2012, the battalion was redesignated as the new 2nd Battalion (2Yorks) .[1]

Formation and name[edit]

The Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire was formed on 25 April 1958 by the amalgamation of The West Yorkshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Own) (14th Foot) and The East Yorkshire Regiment (The Duke of York's Own) (15th Foot).[2]

History[edit]

The first overseas posting for the regiment was from September 1958 to June 1959 in the Colony of Aden (present day, part of Yemen), followed by a posting to Gibraltar from June 1959 to June 1961.[2] The battalion served in Wuppertal, West Germany from 1961 to 1964, Berlin 1964-1965, then again in Aden from September 1965 until September 1966.[2] The regiment returned to England in 1966 and was based in Colchester.[2]

In 1967, operational elements were deployed to Cornwall to help with the environmental clean-up after the Torrey Canyon oil spill. An emergency deployment back to Aden in June following the mutinies by the South Arabian Federation Army and Yeman Federal Police.[2] Aden saw the deaths in action of two soldiers from the regiment, Pte F langrick and Sgt WS Saville, as well as the awards of one Military Cross, one Military Medal, and a Mention In Despatches. The battalion returned to Colchester in late 1967.[2]

In April 1969, the battalion was deployed to Northern Ireland, as part of the UK Government's response to terrorist attacks on the Government infrastructure in the province. The regiment's presence and constant patrolling of vital points initially stabilised the situation in their operational area of County Down. On 12 July, sectarian violence led to a rapid redeployment to Derry. Decisive action by the Royal Ulster Constabulary again calmed the situation down and the battalion moved into a fixed tactical base at Magilligan's Point, north of Limavady on the shores of Lough Foyle. On 12 August, the violence erupted in a concerted campaign, which, after nearly three days of street battles, saw the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) totally exhausted. On 14 August 1969, the regiment took over responsibility for the security of Derry.[2]

From February 1970 to October 1972, the battalion was based in Cyprus, then returned to the UK, for another tour in Northern Ireland, until November 1973. From November 1973 until May 1974, the regiment was stationed in Dover, Kent.[2] From 1974 to 1978, the regiment was stationed in Celle (formerly in West Germany), as part of the 7th Armoured Brigade.[2]

The battalion completed another four month emergency tour in Derry during 1975. During this tour, 18-year-old Pte David Wray was shot and killed by a sniper whilst on a foot patrol in the Creggan housing estate. From 1978 to 1983, the regiment served as part of the Allied Mobile Force.[2]

In May 1983, the battalion started a two-year tour as part of the Berlin Brigade, where in 1984 it was presented with new regimental Colours. In April 1985, the battalion redeployed to Abercorn Barracks, Ballykinler, Northern Ireland and was heavily committed in domestic duties, maintaining law and order, particularly in the terrorist plagued countryside of South Armagh.[2]

In May 1987, the battalion moved to Catterick, North Yorkshire, to join 24 Infantry Brigade. Equipped with Saxon armoured personnel carriers, this was the battalion's first tour in Yorkshire since their antecedent regiments amalgamation. In 1988, the battalion re-roled as an airmobile unit in line with 24 Infantry Brigade's conversion to 24 Airmobile Brigade.[2]

In August 1990, the battalion moved to Osnabrück in West Germany to take up a Mechanised Infantry role as part of 12 Armoured Brigade. During the First Gulf War, or Operation Granby (later known as Desert storm), the battalion deployed formed units that included a Milan Section and a Mortar section to the 1st battalion of the Staffordshire Regiment, many men deployed on an individual basis reinforcing units. Some 149 personnel of all ranks were deployed to the gulf.[2]

During Winter 1991, the battalion was once again in Northern Ireland, as the west Belfast roulement battalion.[2]

As a result of the 1992 Strategic Defence Review, the then government of John Major decided to bring Territorial Army (TA) and Regular Army units closer together; as a result, the 2nd Battalion The Yorkshire Volunteers became 3rd Battalion The Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire (Yorkshire Volunteers). The 3rd Battalion was based at York. 3PWO lasted until 1998.[3]

In 1993, the regiment deployed to Bosnia-Herzegovina as part of UNPFOR, with companies in Gornji Vakuf and Vitez. They picked up the unofficial nickname of "ShootBat" due to the 'robustness' of the battalion's actions.[4]

In 1994, the battalion moved to the British Army Training Unit Suffield, Canada followed by a move to Warminster as the Infantry Demonstration Battalion at the Land Warfare Centre. 1997 saw the battalion stationed in Chester with deployments to Ulster, Sierra Leone (Operation Basilica) support to Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food during the foot and mouth outbreak. Training exercises took troops to Kenya, Jamaica, Italy and Oman. By 2001-2003, 1PWO was in Omagh followed by a move to Catterick Garrison as an Air Assault Battalion, with deployments to Bosnia, as part of SFOR and a training exercise to Belize in 2005.

The regiment amalgamated with its sister battalions of The Green Howards and The Duke of Wellington's Regiment to form The Yorkshire Regiment on 6 June 2006.[2]

Regimental museum[edit]

The York Army Museum (for the Royal Dragoon Guards, Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire and the Yorkshire Regiment) is based at the Tower Street drill hall in York.[5]

Colonels-in-Chief[edit]

Regimental Colonels[edit]

Colonels of the regiment were:[6]

  • 1958–1960: Brig. Robert John Springhall, CB, OBE
  • 1960–1970: Brig. Gerald Hilary Cree, CBE, DSO
  • 1970–1979: Brig. William Stanley Gibson Armour, MBE
  • 1979–1986: Brig. Henry Michael Tillotson, CBE
  • 1986–1996: Maj-Gen. Anthony Bernard Crowfoot, CBE
  • 1996–2001: Maj-Gen. Edward Horace Alexander Beckett, CB, MBE
  • 2001–2006: Brig. Alastair David Arton Duncan, DSO, OBE
  • 2006: Regiment merged with the Green Howards and the Duke of Wellington's Regiment to form the Yorkshire Regiment

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Yorkshire Regiment regimental history". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire". British Army units 1945 on. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
  3. ^ "The Leeds Rifles, The Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire (TA)". Retrieved 21 May 2014.
  4. ^ Vulliamy, Ed (2 April 1996). "Shootbat squaddies' hidden battles: British troops did more than hold a line between the factions, writes Ed Vulliamy. When they were pushed over the edge, they shot back". The Guardian. Manchester. p. 11.
  5. ^ "The York Army Museum wins Heritage Lottery Fund support". 9 December 2012. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  6. ^ "The Prince of Wales's Own Regiment of Yorkshire at". regiments.org. Archived from the original on 18 February 2008.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Tillotson, HM (1995). With the Prince of Wales' Own. Michael Russell Publishing. ISBN 978-0-85955-218-9.

External links[edit]