Prince of Wales' College, Moratuwa
This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Prince of Wales' College|
වේල්ස් කුමර විදුහල
|Type||Public National- Independents|
|Motto||ICH DIEN, NIHIL PER SALTUM|
(I serve, Not at a leap)
|Founder||Sir Charles Henry de Soysa|
|Grades||Class 1 – 13|
|Age||5 to 19|
|Color(s)||Purple Gold and Maroon|
|Publication||The Cambrian Spirit|
Prince of Wales' College (Sinhala: වේල්ස් කුමර විද්යාලය Wels Kumara Vidyalaya, Tamil: வேல்ஸ் கல்லூரி அதிபதி) is a selective entry boys' school situated in Moratuwa, a suburb of Colombo, Sri Lanka. Prince of Wales' College, Moratuwa (along with Princess of Wales' College), was founded in 1876 by Sir Charles Henry de Soysa, a famous 19th century Sri Lankan philanthropist. The school became fully government-controlled school in 1962. As of 2016 over 5000 boys are studying in the school in grades 1 to 13 including all main streams of secondary studies which include biology, mathematics, commerce and arts.
The father of free education, the Dr. C. W. W. Kannangara and Dr. T. B. Jayah, a former senior politician and minister, have both served on the staff of Prince of Wales College. Sir James Peiris was a former trustee of the college.
For a very long time the school has created a niche for itself in the field of sports. Prince of Wales College has produced many exceptional cricketers who, at one time or another, played for the national team. It won the Herman Loos Cup for cadeting many times in the past and has won international championships in rowing.
- 1 History
- 1.1 Founder
- 1.2 Evolution
- 1.2.1 W. S. Gunawardena (First Principal 1876-1891)
- 1.2.2 Philip Lewis (Principal 1892-1896)
- 1.2.3 J. G. C. Mendis (Principal 1896-1917)
- 1.2.4 P. T. Jayasuriya (Principal 1917-1925)
- 1.2.5 L. E. Blaze (Principal 1926)
- 1.2.6 L. G. Crease (Principal 1927-1931)
- 1.2.7 Rev. F. R. E. Mendis (Principal 1931-1932)
- 1.2.8 J. B. C. Rodrigo (Principal 1933-1959)
- 1.2.9 S. C. H. De Silva (Principal 1959 - 1973)
- 1.2.10 L. H. Gunapala (Principal 1973-1977)
- 1.2.11 M. E. C. Fernando (Principal 1977-1988)
- 1.2.12 H. L. B. Gomes (Principal 1989-1998)
- 1.2.13 Recent years
- 2 Past principals
- 3 Old Boys' Association
- 4 Uniform
- 5 Clubs and societies
- 6 Sports
- 7 Notable alumni
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The founding patron of the school was the philanthropist, Sir Charles Henry de Soysa. Following the arrival of the then Prince of Wales (Edward VII) in Colombo in 1875, he wanted to name the two schools he intended to build - Prince of Wales’ and Princess of Wales’. As a result of a letter sent on 27 November 1875, he received permission to name the two schools the Prince of Wales’ and Princess of Wales’.
14 September 1876 was a memorable day for the Moratuwa community; the school, which was built on a picturesque 15 acre plot of land facing the Galle Road, and bordered by the Lunawa Lagoon, was ceremonially opened. The then governor of Sri Lanka, Sir William Gregory, graced the occasion as the chief guest. The school's was drawn by Mr. Muhandiram Mendis Jayawardena and about Rs. 300,000/= was spent on its construction. The school building was one of the most elegant in the country at that time. The ceremonial opening of the St. John's Church and endowments to St. John's College Panadura by Mudliyar Susew De Soysa were also conducted on the same day.
Sir Charles Henry De Soysa completed five school buildings over an area of five acres and, along with all the necessary equipment, opened the school to the public as a secular institution. He also carefully oversaw the administration, management, and maintenance of the school until his death. In his last will, he requested that his eldest son Mudalier J. W. C. de Soysa take over responsibility for the school, and asked his wife to pay Rs. 3000/= to the school annually, for maintenance work. After Lady Catherine De Soysa died, Sir Charles Henry De Soysa's seven sons took over stewardship of the school. They also obtained their education at Prince of Wales’ College, and their aid was vital for the school. They endowed the school with two plantations for its maintenance and recruited principals who were Oxbridge graduates.
Mr. W.S. Gunawardena (B.A. Calcutta) was the first principal of the school and served from 1876 until 1891. At first, it was not operated as one school, but as four educational institutes with a total of 1000 students and 40 teachers. They were:
- Prince of Wales’ College
- Princess of Wales’ College
- Prince of Wales’ College (native language)
- Princess of Wales’ College (native language) 
The first school prize giving was held in 1883 with Sir John Douglas as the chief guest. There were prize records for all four schools. Prince of Wales’ College and Prince of Wales’ College (native) only had classes up to Grade 7. Prince of Wales’ College was the higher school; it had two divisions named Upper and Lower. Apart from this, there were two classes for undergraduates.
3 March was selected as the Founder's Day. Students attend the service at the Holy Emmanuel church and pay respects to the tomb of Sir Charles Henry de Soysa. Since the 1960s, Buddhist students have commemorated the Founder's Day by engaging in Buddhist rituals.
W. S. Gunawardena (First Principal 1876-1891)
W. S. Gunawardena (B.A. Calcutta) was the first principal and served from 1876 until 1891. The school hostel was started in 1882 and cricket was also introduced to the school during this period.
Philip Lewis (Principal 1892-1896)
Philip Lewis became the second principal and served from 1892 until 1896. Although there were many difficulties, a rapid development of the school could be seen during this period.
J. G. C. Mendis (Principal 1896-1917)
J. G. C. Mendis (B.A. Cambridge), son-in-law of the founding patron, rendered a valuable service to the school for two decades, from 1896 to 1917. During his tenure a school cricket society was formed and the school ground was further developed. The school magazine: The Cambrian (first issued in 1897), the debating team, cadet corps (1903), library, laboratory, commerce section, tennis and soccer teams, and a children's park were some of the elements added to the school during this era. Another important milestone was the formation of the Old Boys’ Association in 1904. After 21 years of service, Mendis had to retire from his post as principal due to deteriorating health.
P. T. Jayasuriya (Principal 1917-1925)
P. T. Jayasuriya [B.A. Hon.(Lond)] became Mendis' successor as principal. During his time at the school, the academic aspect of the school improved significantly, with students obtaining great results. Under Jayasuriya the science section and the school cricket ground were developed further and a separate children's park for the school was built. In 1922, The Cambrian was published again and the infrastructure of the school was also enhanced by the addition of three more class rooms. A house system was initiated and four houses were named, after the founder and the first three of the principals: namely, Founder's, Gunawardena, Lewis, and Mendis.
L. E. Blaze (Principal 1926)
In 1926, Louis Edmund Blaze (B.A. Cantab) was appointed principal. He was the founder of Kingswood college, Kandy, a former student of Trinity College, Kandy and the father of school rugby football in Sri Lanka. He was a very dynamic person and the "Golden Jubilee Prize Giving" was held during his period. The English College anthem was also written during this period.
L. G. Crease (Principal 1927-1931)
L. G. Crease (M.A. Oxen) headed the school from 1927 to 1931. He was from Europe and was very strict when it came to student discipline. He was a competent administrator and there was a marked development in cadetting and sports.
Rev. F. R. E. Mendis (Principal 1931-1932)
Rev. F. R. E. Mendis (M.A. Cantab) served as the principal from 1931-1932. He started the library fund and developed cricket, soccer, boxing, and athletics.
J. B. C. Rodrigo (Principal 1933-1959)
J. B. C. Rodrigo (M.A. [Oxen] J.P.U.M.), was a very capable administrator and blessed with a great personality. The Teachers’ Guild, Cinema Association, Science Association, Drama Association, Red Cross branch, Sinhala and English Literary Associations, Debating Team, Co-operative Association and hockey were initiated for the benefit of the students and new class rooms were built.
In 1933, the inaugural Battle of the Golds (Prince of Wales’ College vs. St. Sebastian's College) was held at the school grounds.
S. C. H. De Silva (Principal 1959 - 1973)
S. C. H. De Silva (B.A., Dip. in School Admst) served the school for 14 years and there was a notable progression in the development of the school. Scouting was introduced and the Buddha shrine was constructed in 1967, ceremonially opened by Governor William Gopallawa. The Sinhala college anthem was written by B. Godahewa in 1967. Tissa Gunawardena joined the staff during this time. His works include the statues of the Buddha, the founding patron, and the largest Sandakadapahana in Sri Lanka. The Art Society and the Drama Club showed remarkable progress under his guidance. Gunawardena presented many stage plays, bringing out students' hidden talents.
L. H. Gunapala (Principal 1973-1977)
L. H. Gunapala, who had served previously as a school inspector and as a district education inspector, was the principal during the school's centennial anniversary. The school was improved to a high standard and Hevisi and Western bands were formed during this time.
M. E. C. Fernando (Principal 1977-1988)
M. E. C. Fernando, a former student and teacher succeeded Mr. Gunapala as principal. The H. R. Fernando Pavilion was gifted by former student Mr. H. R. Fernando. The cricket score board, library buildings, science and commerce buildings were some of these new additions. The sculpture of Sir Charles Henry de Soysa (sculpted by Mr. Tissa Gunawardena) was unveiled during this time. The venue of the annual Big Match was changed and was arranged to be held at De Soysa Stadium.
H. L. B. Gomes (Principal 1989-1998)
H. L. B. Gomes (M.A.), who was an old boy, a teacher and vice principal (during Mr. M. E. C. Fernando's reign as principal), was appointed as principal in 1989. In his time, the school became one of the 15 National Schools in Sri Lanka. A new auditorium with the latest facilities and a computer department were introduced. Amongst other developments seen at the school during his tenure were making a qualitative improvement in education, expanding the school further by adding more facilities, namely: three, three-story buildings for Grade 11, the commerce section, and the primary grades; a new auditorium with the latest facilities; the canteens for students and teachers; initiating the construction of a new hostel; construction of the school office, principal's office, meeting hall and, toilets; the introduction of the Media Unit; and the construction of two playgrounds and a cricket ground for the primary grades.
In 1998, the Western Band of the school had the rare privilege of welcoming the Prince of Wales, Prince Charles, who visited Sri Lanka in order to be part of its 50th Independence Day celebration. The school's cricket programme showed tremendous growth during this period, and this was reflected with Captain Suranga Wijenayake representing the National team.
The 14th principal, D. A. Ramanayake, improved the computing department. S. J. P. Wijesinghe was the next principal and he was followed by K. Ratnaweera Perera and Rohana Karunaratne correspondingly. After tenures by W. Jayasena, Sampath Weragoda(Acting Principal) & J. W. S. Siriwardhana respectively. Kusala Fernando is the current principal. In 2014 the Hon. Jeewan Kumaranatunga allocated funding for the swimming pool project. The swimming pool was opened by the prime minister Hon.Ranil Wickremesinghe on 1 August 2017.
Many distinguished men have served as the Principal of Prince of Wales' College since the inception. Listed below are the names of these principals.
|W. S. Gunawardena||1876 - 1891|
|Philip Lewis||1892 - 1896|
|J. P. C. Mendis||1896 - 1917|
|P. T. Jayasuriya||1917 - 1925|
|Louis Edmund Blaze||1926|
|L. G. Crease||1927 - 1931|
|F. R. E. Mendis||1931 - 1932|
|H. Samaranayake||1932 - 1933|
|J. B. C. Rodrigo||1933 - 1959|
|S. C. H. De Silva||1959 - 1973|
|L. H. Gunapala||1973 - 1977|
|M. E. C. Fernando||1977 - 1988|
|H. L. B. Gomes||1989 - 1998|
|D. A. Ramanayake||1998 - 2001|
|S. J. P. Wijesinghe||2001 - 2005|
|K. Rathnaweera Perera||2005 - 2007|
|Rohana Karunarathna||2007 - 2011|
|W. D. Jayasena||2011 - 2012|
|Sampath Weragoda||2012 - 2013|
|J. W. S. Siriwardane||2013 - 2016|
Old Boys' Association
In 1904 when J. G. C. Mendis was the principal, he commenced the Old Boys’ Association. By now[when?] the membership has risen to around 4,000.
Grade 1 to 5: white collared shirt with the school badge as well as blue colored short-pants with white socks and black shoes.
Grade 6 to 9: white collared shirt with the school badge as well as white colored short-pants with white socks and black shoes.
Grade 10 to 13: white collared shirt with the school badge as well as white colored long-pants with white socks and black shoes.
For Special Occasions: white collared long sleeved shirt with white colored pants plus the college tie and also white socks with black shoes.
Clubs and societies
Many of these clubs and societies organize several projects on an annual basis. The Computer Club, The Interact Club, The Radio Club, The Aeronautical Society, the Stamp Club, the Senior Science Association and the Red Cross Society are just some of clubs and societies. All of the above are fully or partially funded by the College.
- Biological Unit
- Art Club
- Astronomical Society
- Chess Club
- Commerce Society
- Computer Society
- Drama Society
- Eastern Band
- English Literary and Debating Society
- Interact Club
- Junior Science Association
- Mmedia & Broadcasting Unit
- Students Parliament Society
- Road Safety Patrol
- Science Society
- Sinhala Literary and Debating Society
- Society for Social Work and Welfare
- Young Christian Students Movement
- Western Band
Cambrians are famous for cricket. When the college was founded the game was introduced in 1876. During this period only the staff members took part. In 1896 organised school cricket was introduced and the first ever inter- school cricket match was played against Royal College, Colombo. Cambrian cricket players have made significant contributions in all sectors of the sport in Sri Lanka including schools, mercantile clubs, government services, defence services, corporations, and in the field of cricket administration. Some have gained fame and figured prominently as representatives on national and international cricket teams.
Cadeting was introduced to college in 1904. Later athletics and football and, some time[when?] later, volleyball was introduced. In 2012, Prince of Wales College made history by winning two gold, four silver, and nine bronze medals at the 4th Asian Schools Rowing Regatta held in Karachi, Pakistan.
The College has many sports and games for its students, including:
Annual sports events
Battle of the Golds
Prince of Wales' College plays its annual Big Match with St. Sebastian's College, Moratuwa. It is also known as Battle of the Golds. Cricketers to have captained the school team include Wirantha Fernando and Kusal Mendis.
See Category:Alumni of Prince of Wales' College, Moratuwa for full list
- "Coordinates of School". Retrieved 15 March 2015.
- Life of Sir James Peiris, W. T. Keble and Devar Surya Sena, p.112 (University of California)
- Prince of Wales is striding forward with great vision - Sujitha Miranda (Sunday Times)
- Cambrian rowers do well in Pakistan, Sunday Times. Retrieved 18 November 2012
- Remembering Sir Charles Henry de Soysa by Dilwin Mendis The Island (Sri Lanka) Retrieved 05 December 2014
- The Prince and Princess of Wales Colleges - Moratuwa: The seeming endlessness of the Soysa legacy by Malathi Perera, Daily News (Sri Lanka), Retrieved 05 December 2014
- A century and quarter of St. John's College... : Its great contribution for the development of education in Sri Lanka, by L. Panditharathna Daily News (Sri Lanka), Retrieved 05 December 2014
- The Prince of Wales College: History (Official Website) Archived 1 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 05 December 2014
- The Princes of Wales College: History (Official Website) Archived 28 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 05 December 2014
- Twentieth Century Impressions of Ceylon, by Arnold Wright, pp. 117-8 & 552 (Lloyd's Greater Britain Publishing Company) ISBN 978-8120613355
- Cambrians field a formidable team this year - Dilwin Mendis (Daily news)
- The De Soyas of Alfred House by Rupa de Soysa, p.56 (Karunaratne & Sons)
- Gate Mudaliyar Amarasekara unfolded treasures of Eastern art, Chelvatam Maniccavasagar (Daily News) Retrieved 28 October 2015
- A lasting legacy from the 19th century (Sunday Times) Accessed January 15, 2015
- My prayer for my alma mater is let there be another JBC era, Hyasti Aponso (Sunday Times)
- Remembering Rodrigo, a principal with a passion for cricket By Hyasti Aponso (Island Cricket)
- …a friend in deed By Upali Salgado (Sunday Times)
- Sri Lankan Schools Association: The foundation for the nations success- Errol Seneviratne (ESPN Cricinfo)
- Uththareethara, Retrieved 09 June 2015
- Award winning actor Jagath Chamila with Tissa Gunawardena, ....., The Island, Retrieved 09 June 2015
- He was an erudite scholar, Eng. B. R. O. Fernando (Sunday Times) Retrieved 18 November 2015
- "History of PWC". OBA of Prince of Wales' College. Archived from the original on 1 January 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
- Cambrian cadeting centenary Archived 18 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine. By Willet S. Fernando (Daily Mirror)
- "Cricket at Prince of Wales' College -140 years". Dailynews.
- "College Sports". OBA of PWC.
- Cambrians-Sebs clash in 63rd Battle of the Golds Archived 20 June 2013 at Archive.is
- Daily News,"Kusal – first Cambrian to lead Sri Lanka under 19 team", 26 August 2013
- Abeynaike, H. B. W.; Ameratunga, H. P. (1970). Parliament of Ceylon, 1970. Associated Newspapers of Ceylon Limited. p. 59.
- Fernando, Weerahennedige Theodor Wilfred Meryl (1923-2007), marxists.org, Retrieved 01 November 2015
- Meryl Fernando stood for working class - Prof Tissa Vitharana (Daily News), Retrieved 01 November 2015
- Not one Bishop, but two R.A. Piyadasa (Sunday Times), Retrieved 29/08/2015
- "Kusal Mendis, Student Prince of Wales' College, Moratuwa". ESPN (ESPNcricinfo). Retrieved 6 November 2015.