Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy
|The Hon. Lady Ogilvy (more)|
Princess Alexandra in 2010
25 December 1936 |
3 Belgrave Square, London
|Spouse||Sir Angus Ogilvy
(m. 1963; his death 2004)
|Father||Prince George, Duke of Kent|
|Mother||Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark|
|Religion||Church of England|
|Royal Family of
the United Kingdom and the
other Commonwealth realms
The widow of Sir Angus Ogilvy, prior to her marriage she was known as Princess Alexandra of Kent, the first princess to use the territorial designation of Kent since the accession to the throne of her great-great-grandmother Princess Alexandrina Victoria of Kent as Queen Victoria.
Princess Alexandra has carried out many royal duties on behalf of her first cousin, Queen Elizabeth II. As of January 2016, she is 50th in the line of succession to the thrones of 16 states; at the time of her birth in 1936, she was sixth.
Princess Alexandra was born on 25 December 1936 at 3 Belgrave Square, London. Her parents were Prince George, Duke of Kent (the fourth son of King George V and Queen Mary) and Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark, a daughter of Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark and Grand Duchess Elena Vladimirovna of Russia. She was named after her paternal great-grandmother, Queen Alexandra; her grandmother, Princess Nicholas of Greece and Denmark; and both of her maternal aunts, Countess Karl Theodor of Törring-Jettenbach and Princess Paul of Yugoslavia. She received the name Christabel because she was born on Christmas Day, like her aunt by marriage, Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester. Her birth was the last to have the tradition of having the Home Secretary present to verify the birth of potential heirs to the throne. Secretary Sir John Simon was present and was the last to do this.
As a male-line granddaughter of the British monarch, she was styled as a British princess with the prefix Her Royal Highness. At the time of her birth, she was sixth in the line of succession to the British throne, behind her cousins Elizabeth and Princess Margaret, her uncle the Duke of Gloucester, her father the Duke of Kent, and her elder brother Prince Edward. She was born two weeks after the abdication of her uncle King Edward VIII.
The Princess was baptised in the Private Chapel of Buckingham Palace, on 9 February 1937, and her godparents were: King George VI and Queen Elizabeth (her paternal uncle and aunt); the Queen of Norway (her great-aunt); Princess Nicholas of Greece and Denmark (her maternal grandmother); Princess Olga of Yugoslavia (her maternal aunt); the Princess Beatrice (her paternal great-great-aunt); the Earl of Athlone (her paternal great-uncle); and Count Karl Theodor of Toerring-Jettenbach (her maternal uncle by marriage). Of her godparents, only the King and Queen and Lord Athlone were present.
Princess Alexandra spent most of her childhood at her family's country house, Coppins, in Buckinghamshire. She lived with her grandmother, Queen Mary, the widow of George V, during World War II at Badminton. Her father was killed in an aeroplane crash near Caithness, Scotland on 25 August 1942 while serving in the Royal Air Force. Princess Alexandra has the distinction of being the first British princess to have attended a boarding school, Heathfield School near Ascot. She then studied in Paris. She was also trained at Great Ormond Street Hospital.
She was a bridesmaid at the 1946 wedding of Captain Lord Brabourne and Lady Patricia Mountbatten. The following year, she served as bridesmaid at the wedding of her cousins, the then-Princess Elizabeth and The Duke of Edinburgh, on 20 November 1947. The Queen is Princess Alexandra's paternal first cousin; the Duke of Edinburgh is Princess Alexandra's maternal first cousin once removed.
Marriage and personal life
On 24 April 1963, she married the Hon. Angus James Bruce Ogilvy (1928–2004), the second son of the 12th Earl of Airlie and Lady Alexandra Coke, at Westminster Abbey. The wedding ceremony was attended by the royal family and was broadcast worldwide on television, watched by an estimated 200 million people.
The bride wore a wedding gown of Valenciennes lace, with matching veil and train, designed by John Cavanagh with the City of London diamond fringe tiara. She was attended by Princess Anne as chief bridesmaid; Emma Tennant, niece of the bridegroom; Doune Ogilvy, elder daughter of the 13th Earl of Airlie, and niece of the bridegroom; Georgina Butter, granddaughter of Julius Wernher and goddaughter of the bride; and Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria. The page boys were the Hon. David Ogilvy and Simon Hay.
Angus Ogilvy was knighted in 1988 (when Princess Alexandra assumed the style of The Hon. Lady Ogilvy), later being sworn of the Privy Council in 1997. Princess Alexandra and Sir Angus had two children, James and Marina, and four grandchildren, none of whom carry out royal duties:
- James Robert Bruce Ogilvy, born Thatched House Lodge, 29 February 1964; married, 30 July 1988, Julia Rawlinson; has issue.
- Flora Alexandra Ogilvy, born 15 December 1994.
- Alexander Charles Ogilvy, born 12 November 1996.
- Marina Victoria Alexandra Ogilvy, born Thatched House Lodge, 31 July 1966; married, Richmond Park, Surrey, 2 February 1990, Paul Julian Mowatt, born London, 28 November 1962; divorced 4 December 1997; has issue.
- Zenouska May Mowatt, born London, 26 May 1990.
- Christian Alexander Mowatt, born London, 4 June 1993.
Since the late 1950s, Princess Alexandra has carried out an extensive programme of royal engagements in support of the Queen, both in the United Kingdom and overseas. Taking part in roughly 120 engagements each year, Princess Alexandra is one of the most active members of the royal family. The number of her engagements in 2012 were 110. However, in late June 2013 she cancelled all future engagements due to arthritis.
Princess Alexandra was almost 16 years old when her cousin acceded to the throne. The only other princesses by birth were the Queen's sister Margaret, the Queen's young daughter, Princess Anne, the Queen and Princess Alexandra's great-aunt Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone, and their aunt Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood.
In 1959, she carried out an extensive tour of Australia, and attended the Queensland Centenary Celebrations. The Alexandra Waltz was composed for this visit by radio legend, Russ Tyson, and television musical director, Clyde Collins. It was sung for the princess by teen-aged Gay Kahler, who later changed her name to Gay Kayler.
Princess Alexandra represented the Queen when Nigeria gained its independence from the United Kingdom on 1 October 1960, and opened the first Parliament on 3 October. Later overseas tours included visits to Canada, Italy, Oman, Hungary, Norway, Japan, Thailand, Gibraltar and the Falkland Islands.
Princess Alexandra Launched the New Zealand Leander Class Frigate HMNZS Waikato at Harland and Wolff, Belfast, Northern Ireland in 1965
Princess Alexandra served as Chancellor of Lancaster University from its foundation in 1964 until she relinquished the post in 2005 (when she also accepted an honorary degree in Music). She is also an honorary fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, of the Royal College of Anaesthetists, the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, and the Royal College of Physicians. She is also the President of Alexandra Rose Day, which was founded in honour of her great-grandmother, Alexandra of Denmark. She was also patron of The Royal School, Hampstead.
Until it was abolished in 2013, Princess Alexandra received £225,000 per year from the Civil List to cover the cost of official expenses; although as with the other members of the royal family (except the Duke of Edinburgh) the Queen repaid this amount to the Treasury. Alexandra lives at Thatched House Lodge in Richmond, London, a Crown property purchased on a 150-year lease from the Crown Estate Commissioners by Sir Angus Ogilvy after their wedding in 1963.
It was reported in the London Evening Standard on 11 January 2006 that, as a widow living alone, Princess Alexandra felt that the seven-bedroom house was too full of memories and that she wanted to sell her lease. However, to date she continues to live there. She also has use of a grace-and-favour apartment at St James's Palace in London. Her husband supported Alexandra in her royal duties at times, although he also had an independent career.
She is the patron of the Blackie Foundation Trust, a charity dedicated to the promotion of research and education in homoeopathy. She is also a patron of the English National Opera; the London Philharmonic Choir; the not-for-profit housing association Anchor; the charity Independent Age; St Christopher's Hospice in Sydenham, England; Core, a National charity in London dedicated to funding research into digestive diseases and which also publishes information leaflets on the most common diseases of the gut and liver; the Nature in Art Trust and London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art (LAMDA), the oldest drama school in the English-speaking world. The Princess is president of WWF-UK. She has been the patron of the Royal Alexandra Hospital for Sick Children in Brighton since 1954. She is also the Royal Patron of Children and Families Across Borders (CFAB), a charity dedicated to reuniting children who have been separated from their families. She is patron of the Royal Central School of Speech and Drama in London, which received its royal style in 2012 during The Queen's Diamond Jubilee.
Described as "one of the most popular members of the royal family", Princess Alexandra and her family have come under media scrutiny at various times in her life. Her husband was a director at a mining company, Lonrho, when it was involved in a scandal over the breaking of trade sanctions against Rhodesia. The Prime Minister at the time, Edward Heath, criticised the company, and Ogilvy subsequently resigned his directorships of that company.
Princess Alexandra is patron of a number of organisations active in the fields of charity, health and the arts. These include:
- Patron, Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service
- Patron, the London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art
- Honorary Patron, American Associates of the Royal Academy Trust
- President, Royal Humane Society
- Patron, Mental Health Foundation
- Patron, St. Mary's Convent and Nursing Home
- Patron, the Pennington Mellor Munthe Charity Trust
- Royal Patron, Children and Families Across Borders
- Royal Patron, HemiHelp.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 25 December 1936 – 24 April 1963: Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra of Kent
- 24 April 1963 – 31 December 1988: Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Mrs Angus Ogilvy
- 31 December 1988 – present: Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy
Her full style is Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra Helen Elizabeth Olga Christabel, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy, Royal Lady of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order.
- Member of the Royal Family Order of King George VI
- Member of the Royal Family Order of Queen Elizabeth II
- 25 December 1960 Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (GCVO)
- 2003 Royal Lady of the Order of the Garter (LG)
- Dame Grand Cross of the Order of Saints Olga and Sophia (MOSS)
- Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown
- King George VI Coronation Medal (1937)
- Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal (1953)
- Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal (1977)
- Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal (2002)
- Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal (2012)
- Canadian Forces Decoration (With 4 Clasps)
The Alexandra Hospital in Redditch Worcestershire is named after the Princess which she opened on 2 April 1987.
Honorary military appointments
- Colonel-in-Chief, The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada (1960–2010)
- Colonel-in-Chief, The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's) (11 June 1977 – present)
- Patron, Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service (since 1955)
- Patron and Air Chief Commandant, of Princess Mary's Royal Air Force Nursing Service
- Royal Colonel, 3rd Battalion The Rifles
- Honorary Air Commodore, of RAF Cottesmore
- Royal Honorary Colonel, of The Royal Yeomanry
- Deputy Colonel-in-Chief, of The Queen's Royal Lancers
- 1977 Colonel-in-Chief, of King's Own Royal Border Regiment
- 2002 Colonel-in-Chief, of Light Infantry
- Commandant General, Royal Hong Kong Police Force
|James Ogilvy||29 February 1964||30 July 1988||Julia Rawlinson||Flora Ogilvy
|Marina Ogilvy||31 July 1966||2 February 1990
Divorced 4 December 1997
|Paul Mowatt||Zenouska Mowatt
- As a titled member of the Royal Family, she does not normally use a surname. When needed, her maiden name was Windsor.
- "Knights of the Orders of Chivalry". Debretts. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
Although HRH The Princess Royal and HRH Princess Alexandra are both female they are actually included with the Royal Knights Companions and they bear the post-nominal letters KG (not LG).
- The London Gazette: . 28 December 1936.
- Panton 2011, p. 37.
- "Royal baby: Traditions and customs surrounding Prince William and Catherine's new baby princess". abc.net.au. 3 May 2015. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
- "Yvonne's Royalty Home Page – Royal Christenings". Uniserve. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- Mishael, Herbert (24 April 1963). "Princess Alexandra to wed Ancestral foe". The Age (London). Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- "Mayfair glamour girl not Margaret, but Alex". Pittsburgh Post Gazette (London). AP. 19 January 1956. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- Elliot, Valerie (30 June 2013). "Concern as the Queen's cousin Princess Alexandra, 76, cancels all her public duties due to ill health". Daily Mail. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- "Royals At Wedding". Getty Images.
- Panton 2011, p. 38.
- "Royal Spring Wedding". British Pathe News.
- "Princess Alexandra of Kent's gown". Order of Splendor.
- "The Royal Residences".
- "News". LPC. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- "Nature in Art – Trust". Nature in Art Trust. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
- Collis 2010, p. 288.
- "Princess Alexandra of Kent".
- "Princess Alexandra: activities and interests". British Monarchy.
- St George's Chapel – Orders of Chivalry
- The London Gazette: . 27 December 1960. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
- "Knights of the Orders of Chivalry". Debretts. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- Wedding of Juan Carlos of Spain and Sophia of Greece
- "Powder Horn" (PDF). The QOR of C. December 2010. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- "The Colonel-in-Chief". The Rifleman Online. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- The London Gazette: . 11 June 1977. Retrieved 28 September 2015.
- "Colonel-in-Chief". The Canadian Scottish Regiment. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
- The London Gazette: . 16 December 1955. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- The London Gazette: . 1 November 1966. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- The London Gazette: . 19 September 2000. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
- The London Gazette: . 15 April 1975. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- The London Gazette: . 14 February 1992. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- The London Gazette: . 11 June 1977. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
- The London Gazette: . 10 December 2002. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
- Collis, Rose (2010). The New Encyclopaedia of Brighton. (based on the original by Tim Carder) (1st ed.). Brighton: Brighton & Hove Libraries. ISBN 978-0-9564664-0-2.
- Panton, Kenneth J. (2011). Historical Dictionary of the British Monarchy. Scarecrow Press, Inc. ISBN 0-8108-5779-0.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy.|
- Royal.gov.uk- Princess Alexandra
- http://www.health.qld.gov.au/pahospital/ - Princess Alexandra Hospital, Australia
Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady OgilvyBorn: 25 December 1936
|Lines of succession|
Lady Gabriella Windsor
|Line of succession to the British throne
daughter of George, son of George V
|Order of precedence in England and Wales and in Northern Ireland|
Princess Michael of Kent
HRH Princess Alexandra, The Hon Lady Ogilvy
The Rt Hon The Baroness D'Souza CMG PC
|Order of precedence in Scotland|
Princess Michael of Kent
HRH Princess Alexandra, The Hon Lady Ogilvy