Princess Alexandra Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
|Princess Alexandra Victoria|
|Born||21 April 1887|
Grünholz, Schleswig-Holstein, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire
|Died||15 April 1957 (aged 69)|
Lyon, French Fourth Republic
|Spouse||Prince August Wilhelm of Prussia|
|Issue||Prince Alexander Ferdinand of Prussia|
|House||House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg|
House of Hohenzollern
|Father||Friedrich Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein|
|Mother||Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg|
Princess Alexandra Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (21 April 1887 – 15 April 1957) was a daughter of Friedrich Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein and his wife Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg.
Princess Alexandra Victoria was born on 21 April 1887 at Grünholz Manor in Schleswig-Holstein, Prussia as the second eldest daughter of Frederick Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and his wife Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg.
Alexandra Victoria's father was the eldest son of Friedrich, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and a nephew of Christian IX of Denmark. He had succeeded to the headship of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and the title of duke upon the death of his father on 27 November 1885.
Marriages and issue
Prince August Wilhelm
Alexandra Victoria's first husband was her first cousin Prince August Wilhelm of Prussia, the son of Wilhelm II, German Emperor and his wife Augusta Viktoria, a sister of Alexandra Victoria's mother.
They married on 22 October 1908 at the Berliner Stadtschloss. The marriage was arranged by the Emperor and Empress, but it was relatively happy. Alexandra was a great favorite of her mother-in-law, especially since the Empress was also her own aunt. A contemporary of the court, Princess Catherine Radziwill, commented that Alexandra "had always shown herself willing to listen to her mother-in-law. She is a nice girl - fair, fat, and a perfect type of the 'Deutsche Hausfrau' dear to the souls of German novel-writers". Another contemporary wrote that the marriage had been a love match, and that Alexandra was a "charmingly pretty, bright girl".
The couple had planned to take up residence in Schönhausen Palace in Berlin, but changed their mind when August Wilhelm's father decided to leave his son the Villa Liegnitz in the Sanssouci Park in Potsdam. Their residence developed into a meeting place for artists and scholars.
Alexandra Victoria and August Wilhelm had one son:
- HRH Prince Alexander Ferdinand of Prussia (26 December 1912 – 12 June 1985)
During the First World War, August Wilhelm was made district administrator (Landrat) of the district of Ruppin; his office and residence was now Schloss Rheinsberg. His personal adjutant Hans Georg von Mackensen, with whom he had been close friends since his youth, played an important role in his life. These "pronounced homophilic tendencies" contributed to the failure of his marriage to Princess Alexandra Victoria. They never undertook a formal divorce due to the opposition of August Wilhelm's father, Kaiser Wilhelm II.
After the fall of the German monarchy in 1918, the couple divorced on 16 March 1920.
Her second husband was Arnold Rümann, whom she married on 7 January 1922 at Grünholz. In 1926, Alexandra moved for a time to New York City, where she worked as a painter. She and Arnold were divorced in 1933.
Titles and styles
- 21 April 1887 – 22 October 1908: Her Highness Princess Alexandra Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
- 22 October 1908 – 16 March 1920: Her Royal Highness Princess August Wilhelm of Prussia
- 16 March 1920 – 7 January 1922: Her Highness Princess Alexandra Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
- 7 January 1922 - 1933: Her Highness Princess Alexandra Victoria, Mrs. Arnold Rümann
- 1933 - 15 April 1957: Her Highness Princess Alexandra Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
- Darryl Lundy (1 July 2006). "Alexandra Viktoria Prinzessin zu Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg". ThePeerage.com. Retrieved 2008-09-05.
- Paul Theroff. "SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN". Paul Theroff's Royal Genealogy Site. Retrieved 2008-09-05.
- Radziwill, p. 38.
- Radziwill, pp. 38-39.
- Schwering, p. 92.
- "Obituary 2 -- No Title; Princess Alexandra, 70", The New York Times, Lyons, France, 15 April 1957