Princess Alice of Parma (1849–1935)
|Grand Duchess of Tuscany|
Princess Alice of Bourbon-Parma
27 December 1849|
Parma, Duchy of Parma
|Died||16 November 1935
Schwertberg, Upper Austria, Austria
|Spouse||Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany|
|Issue||Archduke Leopold Ferdinand
Archduke Josef Ferdinand
Archduke Peter Ferdinand
Archduke Heinrich Ferdinand
Archduke Robert Ferdinand
|Father||Charles III, Duke of Parma|
|Mother||Princess Louise Marie Thérèse of France|
Princess Alice of Bourbon-Parma (Italian: Alicia Maria Carolina Ferdinanda Rachael Giovanna Filomena; 27 December 1849, Parma, Duchy of Parma – 16 November 1935, Schwertberg, Austria) was the youngest daughter of Charles III, Duke of Parma and Princess Louise Marie Thérèse of France, the eldest daughter of Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry and Princess Caroline Ferdinande Louise of the Two Sicilies. Alice was thus a great-granddaughter of Charles X of France. Alice was a niece of Henri, comte de Chambord, disputedly King of France and Navarre from 2 to 9 August 1830 and afterwards the Legitimist Pretender to the throne of France from 1844 to 1883.
Her eldest daughter, Louise, described Alice in her memoirs:
My mother was a pretty, petite, fair girl at the time of her marriage, full of energy, and quite ready to enjoy life thoroughly after her dull upbringing at the convent. She danced exquisitely, was a fine shot, a good horsewoman, and before the babies followed fast on each other's heels, she lived solely for amusement. Her jewels are wonderful; she has some of the finest diamonds in Europe, and possesses what to my mind is worth more than all — a famous necklace of Marie-Antoinette on the design of which Boehmer lavished all his skill.
Marriage and issue
- Archduke Leopold Ferdinand of Austria (1868–1935). He renounced his titles on 29 December 1902 and took the name Leopold Wölfling. He married thrice.
- Archduchess Louise of Austria (1870–1947)
- Archduke Joseph Ferdinand of Austria (1872–1942). He married first Rosa Kaltenbrunner and, after divorcing her, he married second Gertrud Tomanek, by whom he had issue. Both marriages were morganatic.
- Archduke Peter Ferdinand of Austria (1874–1948). Married Princess Maria Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and had issue.
- Archduke Heinrich Ferdinand Salvator, Prince of Tuscany (1878–1969). Major General in the Austrian Army. Married morganatically to Maria Karoline Ludescher and had issue.
- Archduchess Anna Maria Theresia, Princess of Tuscany (1879–1961). Married Johannes, Prince of Hohenlohe-Bartenstein; their granddaughter married Count Hans Veit of Toerring-Jettenbach, son of Princess Elizabeth of Greece and Denmark.
- Archduchess Margareta, Princess of Tuscany (1881–1965)
- Archduchess Germana, Princess of Tuscany (1884–1955)
- Archduke Robert Ferdinand Salvator, Prince of Tuscany (1885–1895)
- Archduchess Agnes Maria, Princess of Tuscany (1891–1895)
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 27 December 1849 – 11 January 1868: Her Royal Highness Princess Alice of Bourbon-Parma
- 11 January 1868 – 17 January 1908: Her Imperial and Royal Highness The Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Archduchess of Austria, Princess of Bourbon-Parma
- 17 January 1908 – 16 November 1935: Her Imperial and Royal Highness The Dowager Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Archduchess of Austria, Princess of Bourbon-Parma
- Louisa of Tuscany, Ex-Crown Princess of Saxony (1911). My Own Story. New York and London: G. P. Putnam's Sons. pp. 35–36.
- Darryl Lundy (10 May 2003). "Alix di Borbone, Principessa di Parma". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 2008-11-23. External link in
Princess Alice of Parma (1849–1935)
Cadet branch of the House of BourbonBorn: 27 December 1849 Died: 16 January 1935
|Titles in pretence|
Title last held byMaria Antonia of the Two Sicilies
|— TITULAR —
Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Reason for succession failure:
Italian Unification under the House of Savoy
Title next held byMaria Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies