Infanta Alicia, Duchess of Calabria

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Infanta Alicia
Duchess of Calabria
Countess of Caserta
Born (1917-11-13)13 November 1917
Vienna, Austria-Hungary
Died 28 March 2017(2017-03-28) (aged 99)[1][2]
Madrid, Spain
Burial Royal Pantheon of Glashütten, Mönichkirchen[3]
Spouse Infante Alfonso, Duke of Calabria
Issue Princess Teresa María
Infante Carlos, Duke of Calabria
Princess Inés María
Full name
Alicia Maria Teresa Francesca Luisa Pia Anna Valeria
House Bourbon-Parma (by birth)
Bourbon-Two Sicilies (by marriage)
Father Elias, Duke of Parma
Mother Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria
Religion Roman Catholic

Infanta Alicia of Spain, Duchess of Calabria[4] (née: Princess Alicia Maria Teresa Francesca Luisa Pia Anna Valeria of Bourbon-Parma; 13 November 1917 – 28 March 2017)[4] was a daughter of Elias, Duke of Parma, and Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria.[4] Alicia was Duchess of Calabria through her marriage to Infante Alfonso, Duke of Calabria (1901–1964).[4] She bore the title of Infanta of Spain from 1936,[5] and took part in some of the activities that the Spanish Royal Family organises.[6] She was born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary, and died in Madrid, Spain.[4]

Marriage and issue[edit]

Alicia married Infante Alfonso, Duke of Calabria (30 November 1901 – 3 February 1964), her second cousin and the eldest child and son of Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and his wife Mercedes, Princess of Asturias, on 16 April 1936 in Vienna, Austria.[4] Alicia and Alfonso had three children:.[4] seventeen grandchildren and thirty-eight great-grandchildren:

  • Princess Teresa María of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (6 February 1937) she married Iñigo Moreno y Artega, 12° Marques de Laula on 16 April 1961 They have seven children and eight grandchildren:
    • Rodrigo Moreno y de Borbón (1 February 1962)
    • Alicia Moreno y de Borbón (6 June 1964) she married José Luis Hernandez y Eraso on 30 June 1994. They have two children:
      • Alejandra Hernandez y Moreno (November 2000)
      • Inigo Hernandez y Moreno (November 2000)
    • Alfonso Moreno y de Borbón (19 October 1965) he married Marta Calvo y Molezum on 18 December 2000. They have two children:
      • Inigo Moreno y Calvo (2001)
      • Lucia Moreno y Calvo (2003)
    • Beatriz Moreno y de Borbón (10 May 1967) she married Lucas Urquijo y Fernandez-Araoz on 16 June 1995. They have two children:
      • Teresa Urquijo y Moreno (October 1996)
      • Juan Urquijo y Moreno (January 1999)
    • Fernando Moreno y de Borbón (8 July 1969 – 12 May 2011)
    • Clara Moreno y de Borbón (14 June 1971)
    • Delia Moreno y de Borbón (30 August 1972) she married Álvaro de Ledesma y Sánchiz on 3 June 2005. They have two children:
      • Alicia de Ledesma y Moreno (2009)
      • Enrique de Ledesma y Moreno (2010)
  • Infante Carlos, Duke of Calabria (16 January 1938 – 5 October 2015) he married Princess Anne of Orléans on 11 May 1965. They have five children and twenty grandchildren.
  • Princess Inés María of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (18 February 1940) she married Don Luis de Morales y Aguado on 21 January 1965. They have five children and ten grandchildren:
    • Isabel Ana Maria de Morales y de Borbón (10 April 1966) she married Joaquin Galan y Otamendi on 23 September 1995. They have two daughters:
      • Carlota Galan y de Morales (March 1998)
      • Ines Galan y de Morales (3 January 2000)
    • Eugenia de Morales y de Borbón (14 December 1967) she married Iñigo Valdenebro y Garcia de Polavieja. They have three children:
      • Gonzalo Valdenebro y de Morales (1998)
      • Jimena Valdenebro y de Morales (2002)
      • Claudio Valdenebro y de Morales (2011)
    • Sonia de Morales y de Borbón (9 December 1969) she married Santiago Romero y Jimenez. They have one son. She remarried Alejandro Garcia-Atance y Leurquin on 29 April 2000. They have twp children.
      • Alfonso Romero-Jimenez y de Morales (17 August 1989)
      • Iñigo García-Atance y de Morales (2000)
      • Sofia Garcia-Atance y de Morales (24 December 2001)
    • Manuel de Morales y de Borbón (16 December 1971) he married Emma Ruiz de Azcárate y Garcia de Lomas on 18 April 2006. They have two sons:
      • Luis de Morales y Azcárate (2009)
      • Juan de Morales y Azcárate (2012)
    • Mencia de Morales y de Borbón (1977)

Genealogy[edit]

Alicia was the heir general of the kings of Navarre, as well as of Edward the Confessor and David I of Scotland.[7] If the marriage of Maria Beatrice of Savoy to her uncle is deemed illegal, then Alicia, as heir of Maria Beatrice's next sister, would have been the Jacobite pretender to the thrones of England, Scotland, France and Ireland. English and Scots law in 1688 (after which point Jacobites must admit it to be static, as changes would require the approval of the monarch, who they hold is not the person actually on the throne), however, stated that a marriage contracted outside of the realms was not challenged if it was legal in its own land; thus, since Maria Beatrice and her mother's brother Francis IV, Duke of Modena, received the pope's consent to marry, Alicia was not considered a claimant by the Jacobites.[8]

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

  • 1917–1936: Her Royal Highness Princess Alicia of Bourbon-Parma
  • 1936–1960: Her Royal Highness Infanta Alicia of Spain, Princess of Bourbon-Parma
  • 1960–1964: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Calabria
  • 1964–2017: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Duchess of Calabria, Infanta of Spain

Honours[edit]

Arms[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vanitatis
  2. ^ http://www.abc.es/espana/casa-real/abci-fallece-infanta-dona-alicia-borbon-parma-juan-carlos-99-anos-edad-201703281458_noticia.html
  3. ^ Casa Real de Navarra
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Darryl Lundy (10 May 2003). "Alice Maria di Borbone, Principessa di Parma". ThePeerage.com. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  5. ^ "Genealogy of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Real Casa de Borbón de las Dos Sicilias website". Borbone-due-sicilie.org. Archived from the original on 2008-07-05. Retrieved 2012-05-18. 
  6. ^ Casa Real
  7. ^ "Real casa de Borbón de las Dos Sicilias". Borbone-due-sicilie.org. Retrieved 2012-05-18. 
  8. ^ "The Infanta Alicia of Spain". Jacobite.ca. Retrieved 2008-07-19. 
  9. ^ Geneall
  10. ^ Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George (2008). "Membership of the Constantinian Order". Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George. Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2008-10-13. 
Infanta Alicia, Duchess of Calabria
Cadet branch of the House of Bourbon
Born: 13 November 1917 Died: 28 March 2017
Italian nobility
Preceded by
Maria Ludwiga Theresia of Bavaria
Duchess consort of Calabria
7 January 1960 – 12 May 1965
Succeeded by
Princess Anne of Orleáns
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Maria Ludwiga Theresia of Bavaria
— TITULAR —
Queen consort of the Two Sicilies
7 January 1960 – 12 May 1965
Reason for succession failure:
Italian Unification under the House of Savoy
Succeeded by
Princess Anne of Orleáns