Princess Antoinette of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Antoinette of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Antoinette Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg, duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.jpg
Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Tenure 1 March 1735 – 2 September 1735
Born 14 April 1696
Wolfenbüttel, Germany
Died 6 March 1762 (aged 65)
Brunswick, Germany
Spouse Ferdinand Albert II of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Issue Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Duke Anthony Ulrich
Elisabeth Christine, Queen of Prussia
Duke Louis Ernest
Duke Ferdinand
Luise, Princess of Prussia
Sophie, Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Teresa Natalia, Abbess of Gandersheim
Juliana Maria, Queen of Denmark
Father Louis Rudolph of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Mother Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen

Antoinette of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (Antoinette Amalie; 14 April 1696 – 6 March 1762) was a Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and the wife of her father's cousin Ferdinand Albert II of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. She was the mother of the Queen of Prussia, Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and Queen of Denmark and Norway.


Antoinette was born the youngest of four daughters born to Louis Rudolph of Brunswick-Lüneburg and his wife Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen. Her older sister was Elisabeth Christine, mother of Empress Maria Theresa. Her other surviving sister Charlotte Christine was the daughter-in-law of Peter the Great of Russia.


15 October 1712 saw her marriage to Ferdinand Albert II of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, son of Ferdinand Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Christine of Hesse-Eschwege.

The marriage was very happy and Antoinette was the mother of eight sons and six daughters. After 1735, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg her father died and her husband succeeded him. Her husband himself died September the same year. The Dowager Duchess went on to survive her husband for 27 years.


  1. Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1 August 1713 – 26 March 1780) married Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia and had issue.
  2. Anthony Ulrich of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (28 August 1714 – 4 May 1774) married Grand Duchess Anna Leopoldovna of Russia and had issue.
  3. Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (8 November 1715 – 13 January 1797) married Frederick II of Prussia, no issue.
  4. Louis Ernest of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (25 September 1718 – 12 May 1788) died unmarried.
  5. Ferdinand of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (12 January 1721 – 3 July 1792) died unmarried.
  6. Luise of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (29 January 1722 – 13 January 1780) married Prince Augustus William of Prussia and had issue.
  7. Sophie Antoinette of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (13/23 January 1724 – 17 May 1802) married Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and had issue.
  8. Albert of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1725–1745) died unmarried.
  9. Charlotte of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1725–1766) died unmarried.
  10. Theresa Natalie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (4 June 1728 – 26 June 1778) died unmarried.
  11. Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (4 September 1729 – 10 October 1796) married Frederick V of Denmark and had issue.
  12. Frederick William of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1731–1732) died in infancy.
  13. Frederick Francis of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1732–1758) died unmarried.


Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 14 April 1696 – 15 October 1712 Her Serene Highness Duchess Antoinette of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
  • 15 October 1712 – 1 March 1735 Her Serene Highness the Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Princess of Bevern
  • 1 March 1735 – 2 September 1735 Her Serene Highness the Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Princess of Wolfenbüttel
  • 2 September 1735 – 6 March 1762 Her Serene Highness the Dowager Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Dowager Princess of Wolfenbüttel


German nobility
Preceded by
Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen
Duchess consort of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Title next held by
Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia