Princess Antonia of Luxembourg (Antoinette Roberte Sophie Wilhelmine; 7 October 1899 – 31 July 1954) was a member of the [1 ] Luxembourgish House of Nassau-Weilburg and the last Crown Princess of Bavaria as the wife of Crown Prince Rupprecht.
Princess Antonia at the age of 10 (Atelier Elvira, Munich 1910)
Schloss Hohenburg, at [1 ] Lenggries in Upper Bavaria, Antonia was the fourth daughter of Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, who reigned between 1905 and 1912, and Marie Anne, a princess of the Portuguese House of Braganza.
She was the younger sister of two successive grand duchesses:
Marie-Adélaïde and Charlotte. In the family she was called "Toni".
Marriage and children [ edit ]
Antonia became the second wife of
Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria. The two were engaged on 26 August 1918. At the time, Rupprecht was [2 ] in the Imperial German army, and had successfully commanded the Generalfeldmarschall German Sixth Army at the Battle of Lorraine. This led to criticism of the close ties between the Luxembourgian Grand Ducal Family and the royalty of the German Empire at a time when Luxembourg was occupied by Germany. This added to the pressure already on Grand Duchess Marie-Adélaïde, who was forced to abdicate on 10 January 1919. Despite the abdication of her elder sister, and the overthrow of the [3 ] Kingdom of Bavaria in favour of a republic, the two were married on 7 April 1921 at Schloss Hohenburg.
Antonia and Rupprecht had the following children:
Prince Heinrich Franz Wilhelm of Bavaria (1922–1958). Married Anne Marie de Lustrac (1927–1999). No issue.
Princess Irmingard Marie Josefa of Bavaria (1923–2010). Married her first cousin Prince Ludwig of Bavaria (1913–2008) and had issue. Princess Editha Marie Gabrielle Anna of Bavaria (1924-2013). Married first Tito Tommaso Maria Brunetti (1905–1954) and second Prof. Gustav Christian Schimert (1910–1990). Has issue by both.
Princess Hilda Hildegard Marie Gabriele of Bavaria (1926–2002). Married Juan Bradstock Edgar Lockett de Loayza (1912–1987) and had issue.
Princess Gabriele Adelgunde Marie Theresia Antonia of Bavaria (born 1927). Married Carl, Duke of
Croÿ, Lord of Dülmen, and has issue. Princess Sophie Marie Therese of Bavaria (born 1935). Married Jean-Engelbert, Prince and Duke of
Arenberg and has issue.
Later life [ edit ]
As opponents of the
Nazi regime, Antonia and Rupprecht were forced into exile in Italy in 1939. From here, they moved to Hungary. When Germany occupied Hungary in October 1944, Antonia and her children were captured, while Rupprecht, still in Italy, evaded arrest. They were imprisoned at Sachsenhausen. In early April 1945, they were moved to the Dachau concentration camp. Although liberated that same month, the imprisonment greatly impaired Antonia's health, the ordeal endured having led to her vow never to return to German soil, and she died nine years later, at Lenzerheide, Switzerland. [1 ]
Titles and honours [ edit ]
7 October 1899 – 7 April 1921: Princess Antonia of Luxembourg Her Grand Ducal Highness
7 April 1921 - 18 October 1921: The Crown Princess of Bavaria Her Royal Highness
18 October 1921 - 31 July 1954: Her Royal Highness Crown Princess Antonia of Bavaria, Princess of Luxembourg
Ancestry [ edit ]
Ancestors of Princess Antonia of Luxembourg
Bibliography [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]
The generations are numbered from the ascension of
as Duke of Nassau in 1816.
Princess Alexandra* Princess Marie-Gabrielle
Princess Charlotte (1995)
Princess Charlotte (2000)