Princess Augusta of Bavaria

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Princess Augusta
Duchess of Leuchtenberg
Auguste Amalia Ludovika von Bayern1.jpg
Born (1788-06-21)21 June 1788
Died 13 May 1851(1851-05-13) (aged 62)
Spouse Eugène de Beauharnais
Issue Joséphine, Queen of Sweden and Norway
Eugénie, Princess of Hohenzollern-Hechingen
William, 2nd Duke of Leuchtenberg
Amélie, Empress of Brazil
Théodoline, Countess Wilhelm of Württemberg
Princess Carolina
Maximilian, 3rd Duke of Leuchtenberg
House Wittelsbach
Father Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
Mother Princess Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt

Princess Augusta of Bavaria, Duchess of Leuchtenberg (German: Augusta Amalia Ludovika von Bayern) (Strasbourg, 21 June 1788 – Munich, 13 May 1851) was the second child and eldest daughter of Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt.

Marriage and issue[edit]

Although originally promised in marriage to the heir of Baden, Charles, the engagement was broken at the behest of Napoleon I of France. On 14 January 1806 in Munich, Augusta married Eugène de Beauharnais, only son of Josephine de Beauharnais and Alexandre, vicomte de Beauharnais and stepson of Napoleon. In return, Napoleon raised Bavaria from a state to a Kingdom. Although a diplomatic marriage, this union would turn out to be a happy one. In 1817, Augusta's father created his son-in-law Duke of Leuchtenberg and Prince of Eichstädt, with the style Royal Highness.

Augusta and Eugène had seven children:

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 21 June 1788 - 1 January 1806: Her Serene Highness Duchess Augusta of Bavaria
  • 1 - 14 January 1806: Her Royal Highness Princess Augusta of Bavaria
  • 14 January 1806 - 20 December 1807: Her Imperial Highness French Princess Eugène de Beauharnais
  • 20 December 1807 - 26 October 1813: Her Imperial Highness The Princess of Venice
  • 26 October 1813 - December 1813: Her Imperial Highness The Grand Duchess of Frankfurt, Princess of Venice
  • December 1813 - 11 April 1814: Her Imperial Highness The Princess of Venice
  • 11 April 1814 - 14 November 1817: Her Royal Highness Princess Augusta, Madame de Beauharnais
  • 14 November 1817 -21 February 1824: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Leuchtenberg, Princess of Eichstätt
  • 21 February 1824 - 13 May 1851: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Duchess of Leuchtenberg