Princess Benedikte of Denmark
|Princess of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg|
The Princess at the wedding of Princess Madeleine of Sweden, 8 June 2013
|Spouse||Richard, 6th Prince of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg (m. 1968)|
|Issue||Hereditary Prince Gustav
|House||House of Glücksburg|
|Father||Frederick IX of Denmark|
|Mother||Princess Ingrid of Sweden|
29 April 1944 |
Amalienborg Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark
|Danish Royal Family|
Princess Benedikte of Denmark RE SKmd (Benedikte Astrid Ingeborg Ingrid; born 29 April 1944) is the second daughter of Frederick IX and Ingrid of Sweden. She is the younger sister of the reigning Queen of Denmark, Margrethe II, and the older sister of Queen Anne-Marie of Greece.
Princess Benedikte often represents her elder sister at official or semi-official events. She and her husband, Richard, 6th Prince of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg, have three children. Princess Benedikte is currently eleventh in the line of succession to the Danish throne.
Birth and family
Princess Benedikte was born on 29 April 1944 at Amalienborg Palace in Copenhagen as the second child of Crown Prince Frederick and Crown Princess Ingrid of Denmark. Her father was the eldest son of King Christian X and Queen Alexandrine of Denmark, and her mother was the only daughter of Crown Prince Gustav Adolf and Crown Princess Margaret of Sweden.
Her birth took place during Nazi Germany's Occupation of Denmark. The day after the birth of the princess, members of the Danish resistance group Holger Danske performed a salute of 21 bombs in the Ørstedsparken public park in central Copenhagen as a reference to the traditional 21-gun salute performed by the Danish Army and Navy at the occasion of royal births.
She was baptised on 24 May 1944 in the Church of Holmen in Copenhagen. Her godparents were the King and Queen of Denmark (her paternal grandparents), Prince Gustav of Denmark (paternal great-uncle), the King of Sweden (maternal great-grandfather), Count Sigvard Bernadotte af Wisborg (maternal uncle), Princess Caroline-Mathilde of Denmark (paternal aunt), Princess Ingeborg of Sweden (father's aunt), Princess Margaret of Denmark (father's first cousin), Sir Alexander Ramsay (maternal grandmother's brother-in-law) and Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother.
On 20 April 1947, King Christian X died and Benedikte's father ascended the throne as King Frederick IX.
At the time of her birth, only males could ascend the throne of Denmark. As her parents had no sons, it was assumed that her uncle Prince Knud would one day assume the throne. The popularity of Frederick IX and his daughters and the more prominent role of women in Danish life paved the way for a new Act of Succession in 1953 which permitted female succession to the throne following the principle of male-preference primogeniture, where a female can ascend to the throne if she has no brothers. Benedikte's elder sister Margrethe therefore became heir presumptive, and Princess Benedikte became second in the line of succession.
Benedikte was married on 3 February 1968 at Fredensborg Palace Church to Richard, 6th Prince of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg, born in Giessen on 29 October 1934. He is the son of Prince Gustav Albrecht, 5th Prince of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg (1907–1944) and his wife, Margareta Fouché d'Otrante (1909–2005). The King decreed that her children would need to be raised in Denmark in order to have succession rights. Since the condition was not met, Princess Benedikte's three children are not in line to succeed to the throne.
Princess Benedikte is very much involved in the scout/guide organization in Denmark as well as internationally. When she was a child, a special scout unit was created, so that she could join the guides. Now her involvement is more at the organisational level as she is chairman for Pigespejdernes fællesråd (Joint Committee of Girl Guides in Denmark). She is protector for De grønne pigespejdere (The Green Girl Guides, Denmark) and Det Danske Spejderkorps (The Danish Guide and Scout Association). In addition she is patron of the Olave Baden Powell Society (OB-PS), a support organisation for the international girl guide/scout organisation WAGGGS.
She is an honorary member of the St Georges Guilds in Denmark. In 2007 she was awarded with a prize of honour by this Scout association for adults.
She is also involved in equestrian sport, and has acted as an honorary patron of the World Breeding Federation for Sport Horses. In 2006, she ran in an election for president of the International Equestrian Federation, but she was heavily defeated, earning only 16 votes and placing last out of the three candidates.
Children and grandchildren
- The Hereditary Prince of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg (Gustav Frederik Philip Richard; born 12 January 1969).
- Princess Alexandra Rosemarie Ingrid Benedikte of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg. born 20 November 1970. On 6 June 1998 at Gråsten Palace, she was married to Count Jefferson von Pfeil und Klein-Ellguth. The couple has two children:
- Count Friedrich Richard Oscar Jefferson von Pfeil und Klein-Ellguth (born 14 September 1999).
- Countess Ingrid Alexandra Irma Astrid Benedikte von Pfeil und Klein-Ellguth (born 16 August 2003).
- Princess Nathalie Xenia Margrethe Benedikte of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg (born 2 May 1975). On 27 May 2010, she was married to Alexander Johannsmann. The couple has two children:
- Konstantin Gustav Heinrich Richard Johannsmann (born 24 July 2010).
- Louisa Johannsmann (born 28 January 2015)
The children of Princess Benedikte are styled as Highnesses in Denmark by an Order in Council. Elsewhere they are Serene Highnesses by courtesy.
Titles, styles, honours and awards
Benedikte enjoys the style of Royal Highness and has been Princess of Denmark since birth. As the wife of the Prince of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleberg, she is also entitled to the title of Princess of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleberg.
- National Honours
- Denmark: Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of the Elephant (R.E.)
- Denmark: Knight Grand Commander with Silver Cross of the Order of the Dannebrog (S.Kmd.)
- Denmark: Dame of the Royal Family Order of King Frederick IX
- Denmark: Dame of the Royal Family Order of Queen Margrethe II
- Denmark: Recipient of the 75th Birthday Medal of Queen Margrethe II
- Denmark: Recipient of the Official Ruby Jubilee Medal of Queen Margrethe II
- Denmark: Recipient of the Ruby Jubilee Medal of Queen Margrethe II
- Denmark: Recipient of the 70th Birthday Medal of Queen Margrethe II
- Denmark: Recipient of the Silver Jubilee Medal of Queen Margrethe II
- Foreign Honours
- Argentina: Grand Cross of Order of the Liberator General San Martín
- Belgium: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown
- Finland: Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose of Finland
- Germany: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, 1st Class
- Greek Royal Family: Dame Grand Cross of the Order of Saints Olga and Sophia
- Holy See: Dame of the Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice
- Italy: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
- Luxembourg: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Adolphe of Nassau
- Netherlands: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown
- Norway: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Olav
- Spain: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic
- Sweden: Commander Grand Cross of the Order of the Polar Star
- Tunisia: Grand Cross of the Order of the Republic, 2nd Class
- Awards and Patronages
- Denmark: Chairman of the Joint Committee of Girl Guides in Denmark
- Denmark: Protector of the Green Girl Guides
- Denmark: Protector of the The Danish Guide and Scout Association
- Denmark: Patron of the Danish World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts
- Denmark: Patron of the Danish Dressage
- Denmark: Patron of the Danish International Federation for Equestrian Sports
- Denmark: Patron Award of the Danish Warmblood Society
- Denmark: Patron of the Alzheimer's Association
- Denmark: Honorary Member of the Guild of St George in Denmark
- South Korea: Honorary Doctorate of the Seoul Women's University
- United Kingdom: Patron of the Olave Baden-Powell Society
- "150 years of the House of Glücksborg". Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- Succession to the throne – Official website of the Danish Monarchy
- Peter Øvig Knudsen: Efter drabet (s. 191), forlaget Press, Oslo 2003, ISBN 82-7547-119-2
- Prinsesse Benediktes fødsel og dåb – Website of the Danish National Archives.
- Conditional Consent, Dynastic Rights and the Danish Law of Succession at the Wayback Machine (archived August 7, 2009), Peter Kurrild-Klitgaard.
- Rosenbom, Niels (December 2007). "Prize of honour to HRH Princess Benedikte" (– Scholar search). World Gazette Mondiale-News from the International Scout and Guide Fellowship (an organisation for adults)-ISGF.[dead link]
- "Three candidates for the FEI Presidency". FEI. International Equestrian Federation. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
- "Haya of Jordan Elected FEI President". Phelps Sports. Phelps Sports. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
- "Her Royal Highness Princess Benedikte". Danish Royal Court. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
- Boletín Oficial del Estado. 24 April 1980.
- "Noblesse et Royautés", Guests to Victoria of Sweden's wedding 3, Photo
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Princess Benedikte of Denmark
Cadet branch of the House of OldenburgBorn: 29 April 1944
|Lines of succession|
Princess Athena of Denmark
|Line of succession to the Danish throne
Princess Elisabeth of Denmark
|Line of succession to the British throne
descended from Arthur, son of Victoria
The Hereditary Prince of