Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders
|Princess Gwenevere |
and the Jewel Riders
Cover art of the Family Home Entertainment VHS release Full Circle
|Also known as||Starla & the Jewel Riders|
|Created by||Robert Mandell|
|Written by||Robert Mandell |
|Directed by||Robert Mandell |
Peter Fernandez (recording)
James Tang (animation)
|Voices of||Kerry Butler |
Jean Louisa Kelly
John Beach Voiceguy
|Theme music composer||Jeff Pescetto|
|Composer(s)||Jeff Pescetto (songs) |
Louis Fagenson (score)
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||2|
|No. of episodes||26 (list of episodes)|
|Executive producer(s)||Allen J. Bohbot |
|Producer(s)||Winnie Chaffee |
|Running time||22 minutes|
|Production company(s)||New Frontier Entertainment |
Enchanted Camelot Productions
|Original release||September 9, 1995 – December 12, 1996|
Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders (PGJR, also known outside of North America as Starla & the Jewel Riders, and sometimes misspelled as "Princess Guinevere"[note 1]) is a 1995–1996 American comic fantasy-themed animated children's television series produced by Bohbot Productions and Hasbro in association with Hong Ying Animation. It was internationally syndicated by Bohbot Entertainment using the version where the title character had been renamed Starla. The series was primarily aimed at girls and had two seasons of thirteen episodes each in 1995–1996.
The plot follows the quest of a young princess of Avalon, Gwenevere (Starla), and her fellow teenage Jewel Riders, Fallon and Tamara, to find and secure the scattered enchanted jewels so they can use them to stop the evil sorceress Lady Kale from taking over the kingdom, restore harmony in magic, and bring home their banished mentor Merlin. In the second season, the Jewel Riders receive more powers to battle the returning Kale and the mighty new enemy Morgana for more magical jewels.
Jewel Riders is in many ways similar to The Adventures of the Galaxy Rangers and both series had the same creator and director, Robert Mandell, as well as some of its writers, notably Christopher Rowley. The series was initially planned as an adaptation of Dragonriders of Pern, came in the wake of Bohbot's earlier take on the Arthurian legend, King Arthur and the Knights of Justice, and shares similarities with the magical girl subgenre of anime and with some American cartoons. Although writers were divided on the show, it was a hit in France and later became the basis for the novel series and upcoming animated series Avalon: Web of Magic.
- 1 Plot
- 2 Characters
- 3 Episodes
- 4 Production and release
- 5 Reception
- 6 Legacy
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes
- 9 References
- 10 External links
In the original version of the show, the title character's name resembles that of King Arthur's wife, Guinevere. Other Arthurian characters include Merlin and the Lady of the Lake. The show's action is set in the legendary island of Avalon, here portrayed as a fairy tale-style utopia that keeps its magic in check by the seven Crown Jewels of the Kingdom, each representing an area of the realm. The series takes place a thousand years after the good wizard Merlin's initial victory over the witch queen Morgana. The Jewel Riders are the young female champions of goodness and magical guardians of the city of New Camelot. Mentored by the ageless Merlin and aided by their magic animal friends, they have been traditionally upholding the laws of the peaceful land and defending its people for generations. But when a new great evil threatens Avalon,with their teacher Merlin suddenly gone, the current Jewel Riders, are tasked with recovering the mystical Enchanted Jewels that control the dangerous Wild Magic.
Avalon's fate rests with the Jewel Riders: the latest incarnation consists of the 16-year-old Princess Gwenevere (Gwen) and her friends, Fallon and Tamara. Their jewels, besides their various unique powers, allow them to "ride" safely through the tunnels of a dangerous alternate dimension of the Wild Magic, as well as to communicate with their Special Friends ― the magic animals who each share a similar gemstone in their neck collars. The girls are often assisted by the Pack, an also teenage male trio of wolf-riding Knights of Avalon who wield the Forest Stones. The protagonists must contend with Lady Kale, the ruthless former princess of Avalon who has vowed to command all the magic and rule the kingdom no matter the consequences. An emphasis is set on the "power of friendship", which enables the Jewel Riders to overcome evil and to even ultimately befriend some of their would-be enemies. In the second season, the threat to Avalon is not over yet, and gets worse with an introduction of an even more dangerous adversary for the Jewel Riders to thwart. Instead of Crown Jewels, Gwen and her friends seek out another cache of magical gems while still struggling to fight off the forces of darkness and to contain the growing chaos in the magic.
The story is set up during the two-part pilot episode "Jewel Quest." Princess Gwenevere, the young daughter of the current rulers of Avalon, Queen Anya and King Jared, is being prepared by Merlin for the day when she will meet a bonded animal friend to share their own themed Enchanted Jewels with. Gwen is yet to be given the magic of the royal Sun Stone, while her best friends Tamara and Fallon already wield the magic of the Moon Stone and the Heart Stone. Gwen needs to search for such an animal and become the new leader of the Jewel Riders. Suddenly, disaster strikes when the outlaw Lady Kale, a hateful and power-hungry sister of Anya, gets hold of the formidable magic of the Dark Stone and uses it to overpower Merlin, sending him into the perilous dimension of Wild Magic. Kale steals the Crown Jewels and plans to use their magic to take over Avalon and reign forever, but Merlin foils her by breaking their setting and sending them back to the lands from where they had come, scattering them wide across the kingdom and beyond. Gwen succeeds in getting her Special Friend in Sunstar the flying unicorn. Unfortunately, once the Crown Jewels' bond is broken, magic is no longer stable and flows out of control, causing dangerous outbreaks until they are brought back together. Retrieving them is the only way the Riders can free Merlin from being lost in the limbo of Wild Magic and so their titular quest begins. Using the magic of the Enchanted Jewels and their friendship, the Jewel Riders must prevent Kale from gaining more power, reclaim the Crown Jewels, and save Merlin and all of Avalon.
The primary storyline tells of the Jewel Riders' efforts to locate and secure each of the Crown Jewels before Kale can get her hands on them or to win them back if she does. The seven[note 2] Crown Jewels consist of the Jewel of the North Woods (in "Travel Trees Can't Dance"), the Rainbow Jewel found inside the Rainbow Falls (in "Song of the Rainbow"), the Jewel of the Burning Ice found in the Hall of Wizards at the Wizard's Peak in the snow-covered mountains (in "Wizard's Peak"), the Misty Rose Jewel found in the Misty Moors (in "For Whom the Bell Trolls"), the Desert Star Jewel of the Great Desert found in the magical realm of Faeryland (in "The Faery Princess"), the Jewel of the Dreamfields (in "Dreamfields"), and the Jewel of the Jungle found in the hidden lair of the legendary wizard Morgana (in "Revenge of the Dark Stone").
During the two-part dramatic finale of the first season (in "Revenge of the Dark Stone" and "Full Circle"), Kale succeeds in seizing control of the Jewel Keep at the Crystal Palace. Becoming seemingly invincible, she overthrows Anya, unleashes the dark magic onto Avalon, strips the Jewel Riders of their powers, and prepares to make herself a queen for eternity. Kale seeks out Merlin to finish him off, but he uses his remaining powers to pull her into the Wild Magic and holds her there long enough for the girls to release the magic of the Crystal Palace, revealed as the most powerful Enchanted Jewel in Avalon. Unaware of this, Kale attempts to absorb the powers of the gathered Crown Jewels and ends up being destroyed and the dark magic is undone. The girls then discover that they have tuned the Crown Jewels to their personal jewels, enabling them to channel all the magic of Avalon. In doing so, however, they squandered a chance of solving the magic crisis for good, as well as a chance of freeing Merlin, who has sacrificed his staff jewel to outwit Kale.
The Jewel Riders realize that the Crown Jewels have given them a set of new 'Level Two' armor and magic seven times more powerful than before. They girls now have at their disposal far greater magic than they ever dreamed possible; they also find it difficult to use. Meanwhile, inside the Wild Magic, Lady Kale's Dark Stone is summoned toward a floating palace, where she re-materializes and meets her unintended rescuer, the legendary Morgana, creator and original wielder of the Dark Stone. Morgana had led the other ancient wizards against Merlin a millennium ago but was defeated and, losing her jewel, she remained trapped in the Wild Magic ever since. The two villainesses, united only by their mutual hatred for Merlin, grudgingly decide to team up. Morgana sends Kale back to Avalon in search for the other Wizard Jewels in a preparation for her own return and the deciding battle between the forces of light and dark. The Jewel Riders need to master their enhanced powers while they continue their quest to bring Merlin home, and soon they confront Morgana and realize that they are facing a very dangerous new enemy.
The seven Wizard Jewels are just as hard to obtain as the Crown Jewels were, as they are scattered in magical places beyond Avalon. Through most of the season the Riders try to find the jewels before they fall into the hands of Morgana, who wants to use their magic to complete her conquest of the kingdom; at the same time, Kale also seeks the Wizard Jewels for herself while supposedly working for/with Morgana. The seven Wizard Jewels consist of the Unicorn Jewel (in "Vale of the Unicorns"), the Jewel of Arden (in "Prince of the Forest"), the Garden Jewel (in "The Wizard of Gardenia"), the Jewel of the Sea (in "The Jewel of the Sea"), the Time Stone (in "Mystery Island"), and the Fortune Jewel (in "The Fortune Jewel"), not counting the Dark Stone itself.
Princess Gwenevere meets a handsome, mysterious young man called Ian (a werewolf-like individual who later comes to her rescue her during the final battle), falling in love with him. Tamara finds a magical animal for herself, which turns out to be a strange striped unicorn named Shadowsong. Together they fight to protect Avalon. During the series' two-part conclusion (in "Lady of the Lake" and "The One Jewel"), set in the Heart of Avalon, Gwen is given the magic Staff of Avalon by the Lady of the Lake (the Spirit of Avalon), which she then uses to defeat Kale for good and to save her friends. In the final showdown, the Riders and their friends band together to battle Morgana in a test of skills and wits over the collected Wizard Jewels. Eventually, the princess fuses the Dark Stone with the Sun Stone and captures the ultimate One Jewel forged from all the Wizard Jewels, which the freed Merlin then uses to rid Avalon of Morgana, the ancient wizards' ghosts, and the dark magic once and for all.
The titular trio of teenage Jewels Riders consist of Gwenevere/Starla, and her friends Fallon and Tamara. Each of their jewels has different magical abilities and their own colors and corresponding gemstones of various powers, besides also allowing them to communicate with their animals:
- The blonde Princess Gwenevere (voiced by Kerry Butler in the first season and Jean Louisa Kelly in the second season) is the daughter of Queen Anya and King Jared and the future queen of Avalon. She is the leader of the Jewel Riders, wielding the Sun Stone with the great power of light and goodness. Her Special Friend is the unique winged unicorn named Sunstar (voiced by Deborah Allison).
- The darskinned, tomboyish Fallon (voiced by Deborah Allison) is an athletic and practical, no-nonsense minded protector of Princess Gwenevere. She is an expert warrior and the scout of the Jewel Riders with the main powers relating to movement and illusion, wielding the Moon Stone and riding the unicorn princess named Moondance (voiced by Barbara Jean Kearney).
- The pink-haired Tamara (voiced by Laura Dean) is the empathetic and musically-talented healer of the Jewel Riders, able to communicate with all animals and wielding the Heart Stone. During the second season, she pairs with the otherworldly "zebracorn" named Shadowsong (voiced by Henry Mandell).
The Jewel Riders are aided, in a general absence of Merlin (voiced by Bob Kaliban) himself, by his talking owl named Archie (voiced by John Beach 'Voiceguy') and are also sometimes assisted by the boys of the Pack, led by Gwen's aspiring boyfriend Drake (voiced by John Beach) supported by Josh (voiced by Bob Kaliban) and Max (voiced by Peter Fernandez). Other recurring characters include Gwen's parents Queen Anya (voiced by Corinne Orr) and King Jared, and the Travel Trees and Guardian the genie (all voiced by Bob Kaliban). Another major new character is Ian (voiced by Bob Kaliban), the man-wolf prince of the Forest of Arden, who falls in love with Gwen and becomes her champion and second love interest.
The series' antagonist is initially Lady Kale (voiced by Corinne Orr, who also voiced Kale's good sister Queen Anya), Gwen's wicked aunt who has become an "outlaw princess" and now uses magic for evil through the Dark Stone. She is aided by her animals: Grimm the dragon (voiced by Peter Fernandez) and a duo of small dragon-weasel creatures named Rufus and Twig (voiced by John Beach and Henry Mandell, respectively). The prime villain of the second season is Morgana (voiced by Deborah Allison), with Kale being reduced to her very insubordinate sidekick.
The series had two seasons of 13 episodes each, all of them directed by Robert Mandell. The final two of them were differently titled in the UK Starla version, which was used in other foreign markets as well:
|1||"Jewel Quest"||Robert Mandell
Shelly Shapiro (uncredited)
|2||"Jewel Quest" (part 2)||Robert Mandell
Shelly Shapiro (uncredited)
|3||"Travel Trees Can’t Dance"||Christopher Rowley
|16||"Fashion Fever"||Christopher Rowley |
|4||"Wizard’s Peak"||James Luceno
|17||"The Wizard of Gardenia"||James Luceno|
|5||"Song of the Rainbow"||Mary Stanton
|18||"Vale of the Unicorns"||Katherine Lawrence|
|6||"For Whom the Bell Trolls"||Marianne Meyer
|19||"Prince of the Forest"||Robin Young|
|7||"The Faery Princess"||Linda Shayne
|20||"The Jewel of the Sea"||Linda Shayne|
|21||"Trouble in Elftown"||Laraine Arkow |
|9||"Home Sweet Heart Stone"||Robin Young||22||"The Wishing Jewel"||Laura Munro|
|10||"Love Struck"||James Mattson||23||"Mystery Island"||Robin Young|
|11||"Dreamfields"||Robin Young||24||"The Fortune Jewel"||Robin Young|
|12||"Revenge of the Dark Stone"||Christopher Rowley
|25||"Lady of the Lake"
("Spirit of Avalon")
|Robert Mandell |
|13||"Full Circle"||Christopher Rowley
|26||"The Last Dance"
("The One Jewel")
|Robert Mandell |
Production and release
Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders was produced by the New York-based studios New Frontier Entertainment and Enchanted Camelot Productions for Bohbot Productions (later BKN) in 1995. The series was produced by much of the team behind the late 1980s science fiction cartoon The Adventures of the Galaxy Rangers, including the creator, co-writer and main director of both shows, Robert Mandell, after a long development process. Despite a similar theme and title, there are no connections with King Arthur and the Knights of Justice, which was Bohbot Entertainment's other Arthurian-inspired cartoon series that was produced in 1992–1993. It was originally supposed to be a cartoon adaptation of the Dragonriders of Pern series of fantasy novels by Anne McCaffrey but eventually went in a different direction.
The series was renamed repeatedly in the course of its development, including to Enchanted Jewel Riders sometime in late 1994 or early 1995 and Princess Guinevere & Her Jewel Adventures in March 1995, before ultimately becoming Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders (which was again retitled as Starla & the Jewel Riders for the export version). One of the several work-in-progress titles for the show was Enchanted Camelot, which was acquired as such in March 1994 by LIVE Entertainment (along with Skysurfer Strike Force and Highlander: The Animated Series). Enchanted Camelot had some major differences in its character design. The August 1994 draft script for the pilot episode of Enchanted Camelot ("Enchanted Quest", which would become "Jewel Quest") was different in many aspects.[note 3] According to The Buffalo News, "the production team intended for the Jewel Riders to serve as positive role models for girls." Bohbot's press kit for the series described it as "classic story-telling," incorporating "strong themes of friendship, teamwork, responsibility and conflict resolution."
Each episode was constructed as an animated minimusical, aimed at children ages four and older. The animation work on the series was done in Taiwan by Hong Ying Animation; one of the show's character designers was the future Emmy Award winner Rob Davies. The overall design was done by Jane Abbot, with Billy Zeats and Greg Autore serving as art directors. Enrico Casarosa was one of the storyboard artists. It was the first series scored by Louis Fagenson; though the French version's soundtrack was the work of Julie Zenatti. The show's CGI effects were created by Ian Tetrault in Autodesk 3ds Max and Adobe After Effects.
The actress for Gwenevere/Starla was changed for the second season because Kerry Butler had to go to Canada for the musical Beauty and the Beast. The series was not renewed for 1997, but there were originally rumors about a third season being planned for 1998.
Merchandise and promotion
According to Robert Mandell, the show was originally commissioned by Hasbro through reverse toyetic to accompany their line of toys (albeit only in the form of vague outline and the creators developed the plot and the characters). However, according to Variety, Bohbot "took the Princess Gwenevere concept to Hasbro Toys, which after extensive market research, put itself enthusiastically behind the project, collaborating in equal partnership with Bohbot on the development of the property." A national "Watch and Win" contest in February 1996 offered viewers the opportunity to win Princess Gwenevere videos and toys if they mailed in the correct code words from the show. The Hasbro/Kenner toy line had two series of action figures for girls ages 4 and up. The first series contains Princess Gwenevere (Starla), Sun Power Gwenevere, Tamara, Fallon, Drake, Lady Kale, Sunstar, and Moondance; and the second series contains Deluxe Princess Gwenevere (Starla), Deluxe Tamara, and Deluxe Fallon. According to Time to Play, the action figures' sales "bombed". In the fall of 1996, Hasbro planned to reintroduce revamped versions of the figures as well as new characters from the animated series. The toys had a television advertising campaign featuring a 30-second commercial.
Other merchandise included a series of collectible trading cards released by the Upper Deck Company in 1996, a "play-a-sound" children's illustrated sound book by Nancy L. McGill based on the first two episodes and published by Publications International that same year, Panini Group collectible stickers, a makeup kit, Happy Meal and Long John Silver's premium toys, lunchboxes, clothing items, and such. There were unrealized plans to produce a video game adaptation and the series' theme song was included on Mastermix's TV SETS CD 14.
Broadcasts and home media
The show was first broadcast in the United States in 1995–1996 on Bohbot Entertainment's "Amazin'! Adventures" block, had U.S. coverage of 80%, and aired on 106 stations. Internationally, Jewel Riders was shown in more than 130 other countries[note 4] by 2000. It was acquired by Fox Kids Europe in 2000. In 2008-2009, the series was available to be watched for free in a streaming media form on the Lycos Cinema service (later Kidlet). In 2009, the show was also made freely available for users of the Internet service SyncTV (available online from the browser for the American users and downloadable for watching for the others); while it was titled as Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders, it was actually the Starla version. In 2011, the Starla version became available for streaming through Netflix for the users in the United States, expanded to the entire first season in 2012. The first two episodes ("Jewel Quest") have been put on YouTube by 41 Entertainment, a new company founded by the producer Allan J. Bohbot.
There were four VHS releases in America by Family Home Entertainment in January 1996 covering only part of the first season and consisting of Jewel Quest (episodes "Jewel Quest Part 1" and "Jewel Quest Part 2"), Wizard's Peak ("Wizard's Peak" and "Travel Trees Can't Dance") and For Whom the Bell Trolls ("For Whom the Bell Trolls" and "The Faery Princess"), followed by Full Circle ("Revenge of the Dark Stone" and "Full Circle") in July 1996. Leading up to the release date, Hasbro and Toys 'R' Us offered an episode from the program on video for free with the pre-order purchase of a related toy. The UK (Carlton Video 1997), Serbian (Vidcom 1996, "Prizor" dub) and French (Warner Home Video 2000) VHS releases include some episodes from the second season.
In 2005, the rights for the DVD retail in the United States and Canada were given to Digiview Entertainment, which has reserved the right to release the show on DVD. They announced plans to released the first two volumes in 2006 and subsequent volumes over the course of the next year. However, the only DVD released by Digiview was Wizard's Peak, containing the first five episodes of the show and available in Wal-Mart stores. Though it says "Princess Gwenevere & the Jewel Riders" on the cover, the show on the DVD is the international version (Starla & the Jewel Riders); in the case of both the cover and the show itself, the Starla-style title fonts (similar to the title fonts in Gargoyles) are used in the logo, and the disc appears to be region-free. The complete first season was released on DVD in France in 2008 dubbed into French, and 25/26 episodes were released in Serbia in 2007 and 2008, with Serbian "Kanal D" dub.
Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders was reported to be "struggling with a 0.6 national Nielsen rating among girls 2–11" in 1995. Bohbot hoped heavy promotion of the merchandise products would raise awareness of the show. Nevertheless, it was the most popular of the first-run cartoon series in the 1995 edition of Bohbot's "Amazin' Adventures II" weekend syndicated package. Daily Herald reported it was "the number one syndicated television show in the U.S. among girls 6 to 11" in 1996. It was reported that Starla became "a huge hit" when it was shown in France. First broadcast there in April 1996, it reached the top of the channel France 3's ratings in children’s time slots with a 77.6% market share average, proving "that action, knights and fantastic stories work very well with boys, too."
The reception by writers has been mixed. According to Video Librarian, "a cross between She-Ra: Princess of Power and the saccharine My Little Pony, the Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders series is standard Saturday morning cartoon fodder." Scott Moore of The Buffalo News compared the "underwhelming" Princess Gwenevere to the "overhyped" Sailor Moon. Rob Bricken of Topless Robot ranked Princess Gwenevere fifth on his 2009 list of "most ridiculous" adaptations of Arthurian legend, commenting that shows like that "were clearly made to take advantage of a small, low-aiming school of girl-oriented action cartoons, but it ultimately lost out to a slightly more tolerable Japanese import." Bert Olton opined in Arthurian Legends on Film and Television that "Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders combines all the worst elements of minimalist cartooning, modern commercialism and vacuous storytelling with a tiny portion of Arthurian legend." In The Middle Ages in Popular Culture: Medievalism and Genre, Clare Bradford and Rebecca Hutton described it as "a disappointing production that is markedly sexist and racist with only tenuous links to the Arthuriad." Kathleen Richter of Ms. called the show "so sexist and racist" for how it has "the powerful female figure demonized as evil and the main character blonde and blue-eyed."
On the other hand, France's Fun Radio included it among the 14 "probably the best" cartoons of the 1990s. Alan and Barbara Lupack opined in King Arthur in America that the show, "with its strong female heroine, is interesting in part because it is designed primarily for girls". Bustle's Lucia Peters wrote, "Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders followed a pretty classic 'special kid and special friends have awesome powers and must defeat the forces of darkness' format. The fact that it met at the intersection of horses, sparkly things, and girl power, though, means that it holds a special place in many '90s kids' hearts." Some noted the show for its positive values. According to Billboard, "there are life lessons to be learned along the way, and the program in general promotes brains over brawn". Similarly, Keith Busby wrote in Arthurian Literature that "the series appeals to young girls and teaches them the values of friendship". Marshal Honorof of Tom's Guide described it as similar to the 1990s Dungeons & Dragons cartoon in being "a traditional swords-and-sorcery adventure with stand-alone episodes and an emphasis on making kids laugh rather than bogging them down with the dour intrigue or blood-soaked combat of most medieval fantasy stories."
In 2001, author Rachel Roberts began writing her contemporary fantasy book series Avalon: Web of Magic loosely based on the show and borrowing various concepts and names (including even some of the episode titles), as well as lyrics from some of the songs used in Jewel Riders. As of 2012, the series consists of 12 novels, as well as the three-volume graphic novel adaptation, titled Avalon: The Warlock Diaries. A film adaptation of Avalon: Web of Magic was announced in 2012 but was never released. An animated series project was announced in 2017.
- Amethyst, Princess of Gemworld
- Lady Lovely Locks
- Tenko and the Guardians of the Magic
- Winx Club
- Wonder Woman and the Star Riders
- (Los Angeles Times) "Princess Guinevere & The Jewel Riders: Animated action-adventures of three teen gals and their animal best friends who save Avalon from the evil Lady Kale."
(The San Diego Union Tribune) "Another entry is Princess Guinevere and the Jewel Riders,' also taking off on magic powers and saving the world, but adding an evil sorceress to the mix."
- In the 1994 draft script, there was supposed to be ten Stones.
- Besides some different names (notably Guinevere "Gwen" for Gwenevere, Melody for Tamara, Alexanda "Alex" for Fallon, Amber for Sunstar, Midnight for Moondance, Queen Angelene for Queen Anya, and Shawn for Drake), this title also featured more major characters including Gwen's younger sister Tara and the Pack's fourth member Brand with his wolf Blazer, and apparently more violent/mature themes (for instance, Lady Kale says "...or die" instead of merely "...or be lost forever" and then attempts to physically literally destroy Merlin instead of sending him into the Wild Magic dimension). Camelot would also be the name of the entire land (and not Avalon), there would be the ten Stones of the Kingdom instead of the seven Crown Jewels, the dweezels were simply a pair of weasels, and the Dark Stone would be just a generic untuned Wild Magic enchanted jewel instead of Morgana's own.
- It was aired in Austria and Germany on RTL 2 in 1996 and on ORF 1 (as Starla und die Kristallretter), in Bulgaria (as Принцеса Старла и сияйните ездачи), in Canada on YTV, in Estonia on TV 1 (as Printsess Starla), in France on France 3 in 1996 (as Princesse Starla et les Joyaux magiques), in India on Hungama TV, in Italy on Italia 1 (as Starla e le sette gemme del mistero), in Romania on TVR1 (as Printesa Starla), in Norway (as Prinsesse Starla og Juvelridderne), in Philippines on GMA Network (as Starla at ang mga Jewel Riders), in Poland on RTL 7 in 1997 (as Starla i Jeźdzcy), in Portugal on SIC and Canal Panda (as Starlae as Jas Encantadas), in Russia (as Принцесса Старла и повелители камней), in Slovakia on RiK in 2015 (as Princezná Starla a jazdci), in Serbia, Montenegro and Bosnia & Herzegovina (as Старла и јахачи драгуља), in Spain under the titles of La princesa Starla (TVE1 in 1996) and Starla i les amazones de les joies (Catalan language TV3 / K3 in 2006), in Sweden on Canal+, FilmNet and TV 3 (as Starla och juvelriddarna), and in the United Kingdom on GMTV in mid 1990s and re-run on Pop Girl in 2009.
- "Starla and the Jewel Riders". Bknkids.com. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
- Keith Busby, Arthurian Literature XVIII, 2001 (p. 250).
- Hal Erickson, Television Cartoon Shows: An Illustrated Encyclopedia, 2005 (p. 642-643).
- N.F. Mendoza, Carrey On : Fall Kids' Shows Reprise Popular Masks, Fins and Sleuths – Page 2, Los Angeles Times, September 3, 1995.
- "Girls get the chance to be heroes super", The San Diego Union Tribune, September 9, 1995.
- Ann F. Howey, Stephen Ray Reimer, A Bibliography of Modern Arthuriana (1500–2000), 2006 (p. 520)
- Vincent Terrace, Encyclopedia of Television Shows, 1925 Through 1997, 2008 (p. 1222).
- Bert Olton, Arthurian Legends on Film and Television, 2008 (p. 239-240).
- "Jewel Riders Episode 14 - Morgana Script". Scribd.com. Archived from the original on 2 December 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
- "Princess Gwenevere". Web.archive.org. 1997-02-08. Archived from the original on 1997-02-08. Retrieved 2013-07-23.
- "La tivù dei piccoli - Corriere della Sera". Cinema-tv.corriere.it. Retrieved 2014-02-17.
- Robert Mandell, Shelly Shapiro, Enchanted Camelot: "The Enchanted Quest"[permanent dead link]. Pilot/Special. Revised Draft, August 2, 1994.
- "Louis Fagenson | Animation Insider- Animation interviews and articles". 2011-11-23. Retrieved 2014-06-16.
- "The Dragonriders of Pern. The Best Series We May Never See Filmed". Observationdeck.io9.com. 2014-06-13. Retrieved 2014-06-16.
- Bohbot kids show renamed. (Bohbot Communications renames Enchanted Camelot to Princess Guinevere and Her Jewel Adventures, licenses characters to Hasbro and Hallmark Cards), Broadcasting & Cable, February 27, 1995.
- Kenneth D. Freundlich. "PRINCESS GUINEVERE AND HER JEWEL ADVENTURES Trademark Trademark Application of New Frontier Entertainment, Inc. - Serial Number 74643709 :: Justia Trademarks". Trademarks.justia.com. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- Billboard, 11 February 1995.
- LIVE Entertainment Inc. announces 1994 results; profitable fourth quarter, Business Wire, March 22, 1995.
- Enchanted Camelot debuts next year from Bohbot, Playthings Vol. 92 Issue 3 (March 1994), p48.
- "Enchanted Camelot Movie Posters". Movie.postersguide.com. Archived from the original on 2012-10-29. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- Buffalo News, September 10, 1995.
- "Princess-Gwenevere-For-Whom-the-Bell-Trolls - Trailer - Cast - Showtimes - NYTimes.com". Movies.nytimes.com. 2012-06-05. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "Works: 1995". Web.archive.org. 2012-03-04. Archived from the original on 2012-03-04. Retrieved 2013-07-23.
- "28th Annual Sports Emmy Awards Winners". Emmyonline.org. Archived from the original on 2013-08-09. Retrieved 2013-07-23.
- "Julie Zenatti en concert : La tournée 2016 - Evous". Evous.fr. Retrieved 2016-04-21.
- "News Briefs - KidScreen". Ads.kidscreen.com. 1996-12-01. Retrieved 2012-10-06.[permanent dead link]
- "Tooning in the 1998 Fall Season". Awn.com. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "Robert Mandell interview". Odeo.com. Retrieved 2013-12-02.[permanent dead link]
- Joël Bassaget; Benjamin Campion; Amandine Prié; Marie Turcan. "Des séries... et des hommes - Les animaux de la télévision – 6 : Les chevaux - Libération.fr". Feuilletons.blogs.liberation.fr (in French). Retrieved 2016-04-21.
- Michael Fisher, "Toy-toon marriage an evolving union", Variety, June 20, 1995.
- Gwenevere Rides Toys, KidScreen, January 1, 1996.
- Special Report: Toy Fair Roundup, Kidscreen, February 1, 1996.
- "Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders Toy Guide". Darah.com. Archived from the original on 2012-09-19. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- Stout, Hilary (2014-03-28). "Fighting Spirit For Women of The Future". SikhNet. Retrieved 2014-05-05.
- "Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders Upper Deck - 1996". Nslists.com. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders (Play-a-sound) (9780785316220): NANCY L. MCGILL: Books". Amazon.com. 2009-09-09. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "Starla et les Joyaux Magiques / Starla and the Jewel". Paninimania.com. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
- "Some toys can hurt eyes: Optometrists release danger list", The Spectator, December 7, 1996.
- Michael N. Salda, Arthurian Animation: A Study of Cartoon Camelots on Film and Television, page 103.
- Jo Buck. "ISSUU - Mastermix Product Guide by Jo Buck". Issuu. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
- Alan Lupack, Barbara Tepa Lupack, King Arthur in America, 2001 (p. 326).
- "Starla und die Kristallretter: Infos zur TV-Serie". Fernsehserien.de. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
- Pascal Paoli, Special Report: MIP-TV: U.S. shows survive the sale to French outlets relatively unscathed, Kidscreen, April 1, 1997.
- "UTV To Animate Kong for BKN". Animation Magazine. 2005-09-19. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "Il Mondo Dei Doppiatori - La Pagina Di Cinzia Massironi". Antoniogenna.net. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
- "Starla i Jeźdzcy (Serial TV 19951996) - Filmweb" (in Polish). Filmweb.pl. 1995-09-10. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
- Panda Biggs vai estrear três sies em Fevereiro Archived 2016-03-11 at the Wayback Machine., Diario Digital, 29-01-2010.
- "Принцесса Старла". Glamult.info. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
- "Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders (TV series)". SFD.cz. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
- "Nov dtsk stanice RiK pedstavila TV program". Parabola.cz. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
- La princesa Starla., El Mundo, 30 March 1996.
- "El programa - Starla i les amazones de les joies - Televisió de Catalunya". Tv3.cat. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
- "Edici del viernes, 03 marzo 2006 - Hemeroteca - Lavanguardia.es" (in Spanish). Hemeroteca.lavanguardia.com. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
- "Svenska rter & credits - Starla och juvelriddarna (Dubbningshemsidan)" (in Swedish). Dubbningshemsidan.se. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
- Schaefer, Stephen (2000-06-13). "Obituary: Joseph Cohen". Variety. Retrieved 2013-07-23.
- Kate Barker, Fox Kids Europe focuses on regional programming and grabbing girl viewers in 2000, Kidscreen, February 1, 2000.
- "Kidlet - TV for Kids". Kidlet.tv. Archived from the original on 2012-07-24. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "Save Starla and the Jewel Riders to Your Movie List". Netflix. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
- "Starla and the Jewel Riders: Season 1". Movies.netflix.com. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
- Martie Zad, "`Peanuts' Tops Fresh Batch Of Kids' Shows", The Washington Post, January 21, 1996.
- "Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders". Rotten Tomatoes. 2010-12-02. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "BKN Inks U.S. Distrib Deal". Animation Magazine. 2005-07-21. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "Princess Gwenevere & The Jewel Riders: Wizards Peak". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "Starla i Jahačice dragulja". Top-shop.rs. Archived from the original on 2012-11-20. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
- Broadcasting & Cable, Volume 125.
- Jeff Tuckman, (Suburban Living) Young girls will appreciate Princess Gwen series, Daily Herald, January 25, 1996.
- The Video Librarian: Volumes 10–11.
- Scott Moore, Fall TV Season for Kids: Old New and Out of Blue, The Buffalo News, September 10, 1995.
- Rob Bricken, The 10 Most Ridiculous Adaptations of Arthurian Legend, Topless Robot, March 18, 2009.
- Young, Helen (2015-07-08). The Middle Ages in Popular Culture: Medievalism and Genre. Cambria Press.
- Kathleen Richter, My Little Homophobic, Racist, Smart-Shaming Pony, Ms. Magazine Blog, December 9, 2010.
- Capucine Trollion (2015-09-27). "VIDÉOS - Les 14 génériques des dessins animés de notre enfance". Funradio.fr (in French). Retrieved 2016-04-21.
- "10 '90s Cartoon Characters You Were Not-So-Secretly Jealous Of, Because They Were Just That Cool". Bustle.com. Retrieved 2016-04-21.
- Billboard, January 20, 1996 (p. 71).
- Marshall Honorof. "How Xbox Originals Will Adapt Video Games for TV - Tom's Guide". Tomsguide.com. Retrieved 2014-05-05.
- Fantasy Book Series ‘Avalon: Web of Magic’ Headed to the Big, The Film Stage, September 28, 2012.
- "15 Awful Classic Toys With Terrible Gimmicks". CBR. 2017-10-01. Retrieved 2018-05-20.
- "Avalon: Web of Magic » Avalon: The Manga Vol. 1". Avalonmagic.com. Archived from the original on 2013-12-03. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
- Avalon: Web of Magic, retrieved 2018-05-20
- Enchanted Jewel Riders Show Bible.
- Full Production Credits at NYTimes.com.
- (in Catalan) Jewel Riders at Super3 channel's website.
- Kevin J. Harty, King Arthur on Film: New Essays on Arthurian Cinema, 1999, p224.
- Barbara Tepa Lupack, Adapting the Arthurian Legends for Children: Essays on Arthurian Juvenalia, 2004 ("Camelot on Camera: The Arthurian Legends and the Children's Films"), p281.