Princess Iron Fan (1941 film)

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Princess Iron Fan
Princessironfan.jpg
Directed by Wan Guchan
Wan Laiming
Produced by Wan Guchan
Wan Laiming
Distributed by Cinema Epoch
Release date
1 January 1941; 76 years ago (1941-01-01) (China)
Running time
73 min
Country China

Princess Iron Fan (simplified Chinese: 铁扇公主; traditional Chinese: 鐵扇公主; pinyin: Tiě shàn gōngzhǔ), is the first Chinese animated feature film. The film is based on an episode of the novel Journey to the West. It was directed in Shanghai under difficult conditions in the thick of World War II by Wan Guchan and Wan Laiming (the Wan brothers) and was released on January 1, 1941.

Plot[edit]

The story was liberally adapted from a short sequence in the popular Chinese novel Journey to the West. Princess Iron Fan is a main character.

Specifically, the film focused on the duel between the Monkey King and a vengeful princess, whose fan is desperately needed to quench the flames that surround a peasant village.

Creators[edit]

Romanized Chinese
Supervision Chang Shan-Kun 張善琨
Animation Screenplay Wang Gan-Bai 王乾白
Consultant Chen Yiqing 陳翼青
Sound Recording Liu En-Ze 劉恩澤
Musical Adaptation Huang Yi-Jun 黃貽鈞
Music Advisor Zhang Zheng-Fan 章正凡
Music Lu Zhong-Ren 陸仲任
Special Effects Chen Zhong 陳中
Editing Wang Jin-Yi 王金義
Photofinishing LinXiang Fu
Xu Hexiang
Chen Xinfu
林祥富
許荷香
陳鑫甫
Character Design Qi-Bin Chen
Feibo Yi
陳啟發
費伯夷
Animation Photography Liu Guang-Xing
Chen Zheng-Fa
Shi Feng-Qi
Zhou Jia-Rang
Sun Fei-Xia
劉廣興
陳正發
石鳳岐
周家讓
孫緋霞
Backgrounds Fangqian Chen
Cao Wu
Tang Tao
Fan Manyun
陳方千
旭曹
唐濤
范曼雲
Painting Artists Yu Wing
Li Yi
Liu Jie
Wu Guang
Yin Fu-Sheng
Chen Chin-Tao
Xiemin Yai
Liu Chen Fai
Zhao Feng
Zhu Yong
Liu Yi Meng
Shen Yi Ming
Hu Sixiao
Guo Ruisheng
Wu Yan
Jinfang Bin
Cao Zhong
Zhang Da Nian
俞翼如
李毅
劉文頡
吳光
殷復生
陳錦濤
謝敏燕
劉嗔非
趙逢時
朱湧
沈叩鳴
劉軼蒙
胡斯孝
郭瑞生
吳焱
金方斌
曹忠
張大年
Line Drawings Chen Min
Wu Min Fa
Sunxiu Pang
Yu Wen Wang
Wuyue Teng
Huang Zhenwen
Lu Zhongbo
Dai Jiao
Ye Lingyun
Zhang Liang Qi
Sun Song
Guo Hengyi
Yuan Yongqing
Chen Ruihe
Chenjin Fan
Zhang Jutang
Qian Pin Yeng
Yu Zu Bung
Thinh Liang Yin
Shen Zhong Xia
Tang Bingde
Lu Guang Uig
Zhang Tan
Zhu Shun Lin
Ding Liah Guang
Shi Fa Kang
Zhao Sheng Fai
Qin Qi Xian
Yang Jin Xin
Feng Bofu
陳民
吴民發
孫修平
俞文望
吳悅庭
黃振文
陸仲柏
戴覺
葉凌雲
章亮欽
孫松
郭恆義
袁永慶
沈瑞鶴
陳錦範
張菊堂
方品英
俞祖鵬
盛亮賢
沈忠俠
唐秉
陸光儀
張談
朱順麟
丁竇光
石發康
趙盛哉
欽其賢
楊錦新
馮伯富
Coloring Yuan Huimin
Wenghuan Bo
Ge Yongliang
Wang Zengting
Wang Cong Zhou
Quan Han
Lim Zhen
Li Shifen
Mi Long Nian
Yuan Yu Yao
Yuan Zi Chuan
Xu Hui Feng
Zou Gui Ying
Xu Hue Lan
Chen Hiyiang
Cai Yong Fa
Daike Shu
Daike Hui
Luo Zong
袁慧敏
翁煥伯
戈永良
王增庭
王從周
全漢
林可珍
李世芬
宓龍年
袁玉瑤
袁子傳
許惠芬
鄒桂英
許蕙蘭
陳慧英
蔡永發
戴克淑
戴克惠
羅粽
Principal Visualized and Directed by Wan Guchan
Wan Laiming
萬籟鳴
萬古蟾

Background[edit]

The Monkey

The Wan family twins Wan Laiming and Wan Guchan with their brothers Wan Chaochen and Wan Dihuan were the first animators in China. After the release of their first "real" cartoon, Uproar in the Studio (1926), they continued to dominate China's animation industry for the next several decades. In the late 1930s, with Shanghai under Japanese occupation, they began work on China's first feature-length animated film. In 1939 the Wan brothers saw Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs and set the standard in attempting to create a film of equal quality for the nation's honor.

The film took three years, 237 artists and 350,000 yuan to make. Although the Disney influence is apparent in much of the animation, there is also a distinct Chinese flavor in the film[clarification needed] - a flavor that would grow much stronger with the Wan brothers' subsequent films in the following decades. Rotoscoping was used extensively to save money, and the eyes of the live actors are often visible in the faces of the animated characters.

By 1940 the film would render past 20,000 frames, using up more than 200 thousand pieces of paper (400ream=500×400). They shot over 18,000 ft (5,500 m) of footage. And the final piece would contain 7,600 ft (2,300 m) of footage which can be shown in 80 minutes. The Wan brothers also invited the following actors and actresses for sound dubbing (白虹),(严月玲),(姜明),(韩兰根),(殷秀岑). At the time they were at the Xinhua Film Company animation department since it was the only remaining production company left during the period of the Japanese occupation. The manager of the company who help financed the film was Zhang Shankun.

Princess Iron Fan became the first animated feature film to be made in China and the 12th worldwide (although it is only the 9th that still survives, as the films of Argentina's animation pioneer Quirino Cristiani are thought to be lost). Upon completion the film was screened by the Chinese union film company.

Influence[edit]

Its influences were far-reaching; it was swiftly exported to wartime Japan (in 1942), inspiring the 16-year-old Tezuka Osamu to become a comics artist and prompting the Japanese Navy to commission Japan's own first feature-length animated film, 1945's Momotaro's Divine Sea Warriors (the earlier film Momotaro's Sea Eagles is three minutes shy of being feature-length).[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Du, Daisy Yan (2012). "A Wartime Romance: Princess Iron Fan and the Chinese Connection in Early Japanese Animation," in On the Move: The Trans/national Animated Film in 1940s-1970s China, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2012. University of Wisconsin-Madison. 

External links[edit]