|Disney's Aladdin character|
|First appearance||Aladdin (1992)|
|Created by||Ron Clements
|Voiced by||Linda Larkin (speaking)
Lea Salonga (singing, Aladdin)
Liz Callaway (singing, The Return of Jafar and Aladdin and the King of Thieves)
|Title||Princess Jasmine of Agrabah|
|Family||The Sultan (father)|
Princess Jasmine is a fictional character who appears in Walt Disney Pictures' 31st animated feature film Aladdin (1992). Voiced by American actress Linda Larkin – with a singing voice provided by Filipina singer Lea Salonga on her behalf – Jasmine is the spirited Princess of Agrabah who has grown weary of being confined to palace life and regulations. Despite an age-old law that requires the princess to marry a prince in time for her next birthday, Jasmine wishes to marry someone she loves for who he is as opposed to what he owns.
Created by directors Ron Clements and John Musker, Jasmine was based on the princess from the "Aladdin" folktales. Jasmine was originally conceived as a spoiled, materialistic princess, but the writers eventually developed her into a stronger character after the elimination of Aladdin's mother. Six months into working on the film, Larkin was nearly fired from the project because Disney chairman Jeffrey Katzenberg felt that her voice was not suitable for a princess, but Clements and Musker defended Larkin and managed to convince him otherwise. Salonga was hired as Jasmine's singing voice based on her performance in the musical Miss Saigon. Animated by Mark Henn, Jasmine's appearance was inspired by both Henn's sister and American actress Jennifer Connelly.
Jasmine has garnered a generally mixed reception from critics, many of whom praised her strong-willed and free-spirited personality, while others criticized her role in the film, which they felt was "bland" and "unoriginal". Several critics also drew comparisons between the character and preceding Disney Princess Belle from Beauty and the Beast (1991). Jasmine is the 6th member of the Disney Princess line-up, and the franchise's first West Asian member. The character also appears in its sequels The Return of Jafar (1994) and Aladdin and the King of Thieves (1996), as well as its television series, and a Broadway musical adaption of the film, in which the role was originated by actress Courtney Reed.
- 1 Development
- 2 Characterization and themes
- 3 Appearances
- 4 In other media
- 5 Reception
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Conception and writing
Jasmine is based on the princess who appears in the folktale One Thousand and One Nights. Lyricist Howard Ashman and composer Alan Menken began developing Aladdin while they were writing songs for The Little Mermaid (1989), but further progression was abandoned in favor of working on Beauty and the Beast (1991) instead. However, Aladdin was finally resurrected as Beauty and the Beast neared completion. While the original princess was named Badroulbadour, the studio changed decided to change it to the more "relatable" "Jasmine" after actress Jasmine Guy. Additionally, the name "Jasmine" was one of the decades most popular names at the time. In Ashman's original treatment, Aladdin had two potential love interests: Jasmine, who was depicted as a spoiled and materialistic princess, as well as a "Judy Garland-y tomboy" whose romantic feelings for Aladdin were not reciprocated by the hero. Screenwriter Linda Woolverton eventually drafted a screenplay based on the film The Thief of Baghdad (1940); the revision included a handmaiden for Jasmine.
Directors and screenwriters Ron Clements and John Musker disregarded Woolverton's script in favor of developing Ashman's attempt but making several adjustments to his original outline, among them approaching the princess "a little differently", while maintaining Woolverton's idea of "a princess that Aladdin could woo." Despite the presence of a princess character, the directors treated Aladdin as "an Arabian adventure" as opposed to a fairy tale. Unlike Disney's previous fairy tales, the film's main character is not the princess, and thus uniquely the story does not revolve around her. The decision to adapt Aladdin into a high comedy ultimately eliminated the need to explore some of Jasmine's storylines of being confined and vulnerable. Although several aspects of the original folktale were altered, Jasmine's main plot of being pressured into marriage remained generally the same.
Following the elimination of Aladdin's mother, Jasmine and Aladdin's relationship was expanded upon to the point of which it became the film's focal point. The removal of Aladdin's mother consequently allowed for more screen time for the princess. Writers Ted Elliott and Terry Rossio re-wrote Jasmine into a "stronger" character who seeks freedom from her "regal confinement". The concept of Jasmine escaping the palace in the middle of the night was inspired by the film Roman Holiday (1953), in which Princess Ann, portrayed by actress Audrey Hepburn, similarly escapes the royal embassy in favor living as a regular citizen for a day. Additionally, Jasmine's handmaiden was also abandoned and replaced by a pet tiger.
The successful casting of American actor and comedian Robin Williams as the Genie inspired the studio to recruit other similarly talented voice actors who were capable of matching his pace. The filmmakers had originally envisioned the princess' voice as similar to that of American actress Lauren Bacall. Jasmine is voiced by American actress Linda Larkin; the role was only one of several auditions Larkin had scheduled for the week in which she auditioned for Aladdin, and originally underestimated the scope of the project, joking, "I thought it was going to be something like Duck Tales (sic)". Initially presented with only a few pages of the screenplay, Larkin was particularly drawn to Jasmine's "spirit of activism”, in addition to the ways in which the character was both similar to and different from previous Disney heroines.
Larkin's first audition was held in a Burbank, California recording studio, in which she performed solely for the film's casting director. The side used for Larkin's audition was the scene in which Jasmine first meets Aladdin in the marketplace. Although Larkin's voice was significantly different from what the filmmakers had originally envisioned for the character, her performance gradually changed their minds. In a series of callbacks, Larkin returned to the studio on several occasions over the next few months; while the audience of studio executives and filmmakers continued to increase, the number of actresses competing for the role decreased. Larkin's final audition lasted a total of four hours, during which she read the entire script. The animators also animated to Larkin's voice for the first time. The actress was finally cast several months later, by which time she had already forgotten she had ever auditioned. However, six months into recording, Larkin was forced to re-audition by Disney chairman Jeffrey Katzenberg, who "didn't think Linda sounded forceful" or "regal enough to portray a princess." However, Clements and Musker thoroughly enjoyed Larkin's approach, and managed to convince Katzenberg to keep Larkin by staging a fake recording session during which they had Larkin speak lower and slower in Katzenberg`s presence, but ultimately asked her to return to her natural voice thereafter. At one point, Larkin begged the directors to allow her to record her one scene in the film with Williams alongside the actor, which she ultimately described as "the best day of my life". Meanwhile, Larkin is five years older than co-star Scott Weigner, who voices Aladdin.
Before discovering Larkin, Disney had insisted on only auditioning performers who were able to sing as well as they could act. However, after the casting of Williams, the studio relented in favor of casting "strong actors" instead. When Larkin first auditioned for the role, Jasmine did not have a song at the time as "A Whole New World" had not yet been written; she admitted, "there’s no way I would have even auditioned ... if there had been a song from the beginning." After writing Jasmine's first song, the filmmakers as Larkin if she was interested in recording it and providing the character's singing voice. Larkin immediately declined, explaining, "I do [sing] … but not like a princess!" Thus, Disney decided to recruit a singer capable of mimicking Larkin's voice instead, despite the actress' fear of the studio replacing her with a professional singer altogether. Larkin became one of Disney's first voice actors who did not provide the singing voice of the character she voiced, and Jasmine marked the first time Disney decided to separate a character's speaking and singing voice. Jasmine's singing voice is provided by Filipina singer Lea Salonga on Larkin's behalf. Salonga's performance in the musical Miss Saigon drew the attention of one of Aladdin's casting directors, who proceeded to leave the singer a note on the stage door after the show. Salonga's agent then scheduled an audition for her, at which she performed "Part of Your World" from The Little Mermaid. Salonga began recording demos for "A Whole New World" a few days afterward. Apart from storyboards and images, Jasmine did not see much of her character until a screening of the film at the Museum of Modern Art.
Personality and design
The writers had originally conceived Jasmine as a spoiled and materialistic princess whose interests were limited to clothing and jewelry, but she was eventually developed into a stronger, more mature character. Larkin described Jasmine as "a very strong, well defined character from the very beginning." Mark Henn served as Jasmine's supervising animator. Originally hired to animate Aladdin's mother, the eventual removal of the character ultimately allowed the animator to animate Jasmine, who ultimately became a much more prominent character. Throughout Disney's previous animated film Beauty and the Beast, the design of the character Belle – who Henn had also helped animate – suffered from various noticeable inconsistencies due to the character having been animated at two separate locations. To avoid experiencing a similar feat with the appearance of Jasmine, the filmmakers ultimately decided to have the princess animated entirely at one studio. Because Jasmine is not the film's main character, she was relegated to being animated at the company's secondary studio in Florida, while Aladdin was animated in California. Art director Bill Perkins aspired to incorporate Arabian architecture into the film; Jasmine's figure was based on the famous mausoleum the Taj Mahal, specifically the curves found in the characters hair, clothing and jewelry.
Having just recently animated two previous Disney heroines – Ariel from The Little Mermaid and Belle from Beauty and the Beast, Henn initially suffered from severe "artist's block" while designing Jasmine. While working on the character at Disney-MGM Studios in Florida, Henn witnessed a young amusement park guest with long black hair, who ultimately became his initial inspiration for Jasmine; the guest remains anonymous. Earliest sketches of Jasmine were based on exotic-looking supermodels in addition to her namesake Jasmine Guy, but the actress' dramatic features were ultimately considered to be too "severe". Henn was eventually inspired by a high school graduation photograph of his younger sister Beth Allen, who donned a hairstyle similar to what would become Jasmine's. The directors ultimately approved of Henn's concept design of Jasmine. The character's appearance was also further inspired by American actress Jennifer Connelly, specifically incorporating the actress' eyebrows. Additionally, some of Larkin's own mannerisms were also incorporated into the character.
The final appearance of Jasmine consequently inspired the studio to redesign Aladdin accordingly because Katzenberg felt that the lead character, who was originally depicted as a younger, "scrawny" underdog, did not resemble "a suitable leading man for the beautiful Jasmine", which they feared would have resulted in unconvincing chemistry between the two. Thus, they ultimately decided to base Aladdin on American actor Tom Cruise. Henn's favorite scene to animate was the scene in which Jasmine discovers Aladdin's true identity and gives the character "a look". The filmmakers decided to dress Jasmine in blue to represent water: "the most precious substance one can find in a desert"; the animators placed the character next to a fountain to further emphasize this motif. Jasmine became Disney's first princess of color.
Characterization and themes
Notably, Jasmine is not her film's protagonist, a role occupied instead by title character Aladdin. The character is both similar to and different from preceding Disney heroines. Brian Lowry of Variety likened Jasmine's strong-willed personality to that of Belle, describing her as an "anachronistically liberated" heroine. Belonging to "a series of spunky heroines" directly inspired by the girl power movement, Hearing a Film, Seeing a Sermon: Preaching and Popular Movies author Timothy B. Cargal recognized that Jasmine belongs to Disney's "continued efforts to reshape their heroines for a more feminist age". However, at only 15 years of age, the princess is more resourceful than her two immediate predecessors Ariel and Belle. The Art of the Princess and the Frog author Jeff Kurrti observed that although "Jasmine is less prominent as a heroine ... she made decisions and was a little more strong-willed". Samantha Rullo of Bustle agreed that, despite her secondary role, Jasmine is "determined to live her life the way she wants to, rather than letting others make her decisions for her" and remains one of Disney's most rebellious and spirited princesses. Larkin believes that Jasmine takes initiative to change her kingdom's marriage laws, which she considers "wrong," elaborating, "Jasmine didn’t just believe in something, she fought against something that she saw was an injustice – about the marriage laws – and she triumphed in the end. She actively sought change and made it happen." Jasmine's personality remains among "the strongest" of Disney's heroines, as she is not concerned about wealth or class despite her noble upbringing. Notably, Jasmine remains Disney's only princess whose official costume is not a dress, while the character is also one of only two Disney Princesses to wear pants. Additionally, Jasmine is the only Disney Princess to have kissed her film's villain.
According to Orange Coast's Henry A. Giroux, Jasmine's life is almost entirely determined by men. According to The Washington Post's Desson Howe, Jasmine appears "to have stepped out of the 1990s" and "resents this family glass ceiling." Movies and the Mind: Theories of the Great Psychoanalysts Applied to Film author William Indick observed that Jasmine represents "the rejection of the father-king's domination and control over his daughter's life", resembling "a strong and assertive heroine who rebels against her father's tyranny rather than passively accepting his will." Musker agreed that the character "rebel[s] against the social structure in choosing to marry someone of her own free will". In Ulrich Marzolph's book The Arabian Nights Reader, the author described the character as "the mouthpiece of opposition to a vaguely defined Middle Eastern backwardness and authoritarianism." Steve Daly of Entertainment Weekly identified Jasmine as "a sexually aware, proto-feminist princess". The Routledge Companion to Media & Gender author Cynthia Carter believes that, like most Disney heroines, Jasmine becomes "the possession of their husband or another male." Additionally, the character shares the theme of seeking freedom with the film's other main characters, although Jasmine's wish "to see something more beyond the palace that entraps her and avoid an unwanted marriage" is arguably "angrier" than Aladdin's. Jasmine explores the theme that "the idea that enclosing yourself behind walls can make you more vulnerable, not less", as evidenced by the fact that the character knows little about money whens she leaves the palace for the first time. In the film, Jasmine releases a flock of birds from their cage to serve as a metaphor for her situation of being "caged from a world she has never seen and yearns to be released." Jasmine's bedroom is also bird cage-shaped. Thematically, Jasmine also represents civil rights, racial tolerance, social hierarchy, as well as life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
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Jasmine first appears in Aladdin (1992), as the oldest daughter of the wealthy Sultan of Agrabah. Jasmine was unhappy with having no choice in life, and being ruled over by her father, so she runs away from home the palace life for a free and more simple life. After escaping to the town of Agrabah that surrounds the palace walls, she meets Aladdin after he saves her from an irate merchant after she gave one of his apples to a street child without paying for it, by him claiming plea of mild insanity on her behalf. They run off together to Aladdin's hovel, where they both realize that they want to be free of the life that they are living and they have the same dreams. Shortly after this, Aladdin is arrested by guards led by Razoul. Jasmine reveals herself to them and demands them to let Aladdin go, but Razoul explains that he is doing so on Jafar's orders. Jasmine confronts Jafar and orders them to release Aladdin, but Jafar tells her that Aladdin has already been executed; Jasmine is left distraught and she blames herself for Aladdin's misfortune.
After Aladdin's wish to become a prince is granted to him by The Genie, he visits Jasmine in the guise of "Prince Ali-Ababwa". She initially believes him to be just another arrogant suitor, but later accepts his proposal after falling in love with him on a magic carpet ride. During this time, Jasmine sees through Aladdin's disguise, but Aladdin convinces her that he sometimes dressed up as a commoner to "escape the pressures of palace life", which she relates to. She is taken back to the palace and the two share a kiss.
However, upon announcing her decision to marry Aladdin, Jafar takes over Agrabah by stealing the lamp from Aladdin. At the same time, Aladdin attempts to reveal his true identity, but before he can do so, Jafar exposes it to Jasmine. After Jafar banishes Aladdin to the ends of the Earth, he then makes Jasmine his personal slavegirl. Jasmine was then forced to wear the revealing costume of a harem concubine and leashed to Jafar's throne to serve him. While Aladdin is banished to the frozen tundra, Jasmine must endure Jafar's lecherous advances and humiliations. When Aladdin finally returns, he goes to rescue Jasmine and saves the kingdom. Jasmine helps Aladdin to distract Jafar by pretending to fall madly in love with him. After Jafar discovers her ruse, Jasmine tries to steal the lamp, but is trapped in an hourglass and nearly dies from being buried alive. In the end, she is saved by Aladdin and returns to be the Princess of Agrabah, with her father, the Sultan. After seeing how much Jasmine loves Aladdin, her father changes the old law to enable the princess to "marry any man she deems worthy", and the two are engaged.
Aladdin: The Return of Jafar
In the first direct-to-video sequel, The Return of Jafar (1994), Jasmine begins to question her trust in Aladdin after he defends Iago, Jafar's former pet parrot who had terrorized her father, but she quickly gets over these questions with Iago's help (who convinces her that she cares about Aladdin by calling her bluff). She later accepts Iago as a friend after he helps her mend her relationship with Aladdin, frees the Genie to save Aladdin, and defeats Jafar under risk of his own life.
Aladdin and the King of Thieves
Finally, in the second direct-to-video/DVD movie, Aladdin and the King of Thieves (1996) she and Aladdin are finally about to wed, when their wedding is interrupted by the Forty Thieves. After learning what they were after, Aladdin finds out from the Oracle that his father Cassim is still alive. Jasmine convinces him to seek out for his father, and that their wedding can be delayed a little bit longer.
While he is away, Jasmine grows worried, and Genie cheers her up by goofing around. When Aladdin returns with Cassim, she and the Sultan take an immediate liking to him. However, he later tries to steal the Oracle, and is put in prison; Aladdin helps him escape, which result in punishment. Jasmine and the Genie convince the Sultan that he helped his father out of love. At that moment, Iago (who was with Cassim) returns, telling them that Cassim has been captured by Sa'luk and the remaining Thieves.
Jasmine goes with Aladdin to rescue his father, and afterward they return for their wedding, which Cassim attends from the shadows. They go for a ride on Carpet, waving good-bye to the Merchant from the first film and Iago and Cassim as they ride off.
Disney Princess Enchanted Tales: Follow Your Dreams
Princess Jasmine (Linda Larkin) is tired and bored of her usual princess duties. She is no longer satisfied with overseeing shop openings and assisting in the sale of a camel at the local market place. While having her portrait painted as a "Peacock Princess," Jasmine loses patience and says she wants more responsibility. The Sultan (Jeff Bennett) gives her the job of "Royal Assistant Educator" at the Royal Academy. Jasmine is thrilled until she meets her pupils. They run amok, draw on the walls, pillow fight, and throw books. She calls Rajah (Frank Welker) to try to scare the children into behaving, but they ignore him and chase Jasmine and Rajah into the mud and up a tree. Jasmine gives up. Later that night, her lady-in-waiting tells her that she needs patience and perseverance and that with these tools, she can do anything she wants. The next day, Hakeem (Zack Shada), the stable boy, seeks Jasmine's help. The Sultan's prized horse, Sahara, is missing from the Stables. Jasmine takes it upon herself, with Carpet, Abu (Welker), and Iago's (Gilbert Gottfried) help, to find Sahara and return him to the Palace.
In other media
Jasmine is an official member of the Disney Princess line, a prominent franchise directed to young girls. The franchise covers a wide variety of merchandise, including but not limited to magazines, music albums, toys, video games, clothes and stationery. She is featured prominently in Disney Princess Enchanted Tales: Follow Your Dreams, where she is the main character of one of the film's segments.
Princess Jasmine has made many appearances outside of the Aladdin films, including appearances at the Walt Disney Parks and Resorts as a meetable character. She is a frequently-seen character, and often accompanies Aladdin, and occasionally Genie. Jasmine is a featured character in the Mickey's PhilharMagic 3D show at Walt Disney World's Magic Kingdom and Hong Kong Disneyland. Jasmine, Aladdin, Carpet, Abu and Genie make cameo appearances in the Hong Kong Disneyland version of It's a Small World. Jasmine also appears in various television series and was featured as a main character in the animated series based on the original 1992 feature. The series picked up where The Return of Jafar left off, with Aladdin still living on the streets of Agrabah, engaged to Jasmine. The character also made cameo appearances in Disney's House of Mouse and Hercules: The Animated Series. Recently, Jasmine appeared in the episode "Two to Tangu" of the Disney Junior series Sofia the First, in which she helps Sofia and Amber tame a wild magic carpet.
Jasmine appears in Kingdom Hearts as a supporting character in Agrabah, based on the Aladdin films. She is one of the Princesses of Heart kidnapped by Maleficent. She appears again in Kingdom Hearts II, and explains the strange behavior of Aladdin to Sora, Duck and Goofy. The cause of Aladdin's behavior is his loneliness after Genie went to see the other worlds. When Genie comes back all is well again. Linda Larkin reprises her role in the English version. Aside from the Kingdom Hearts series, Jasmine makes appearances in the video game adaptations of the 1992 film.
|"While Jasmine is not quite so liberated as Belle, she is advanced considering that she lives in the Dark Ages...Jasmine probably has more in common with the heroine of "I Dream of Jeannie" than with a Muslim princess of 850 A.D. And her dream isn't so different from Snow White's or Cinderella's: She is waiting for her prince to come, but he must be a man with both looks and character."|
|— Rita Kempley of The Washington Post, in analysis of Jasmine's character.|
The reverse cover of the film's original home video release promoted Jasmine as "a heroine of the Nineties." However, according to It's Not the Media: The Truth about Pop Culture's Influence on Children author Karen Sternheimer, despite being "strong-willed and almost given feminist qualities", the character "resembles heroines of old, waiting for her 'prince' to come and rescue her and using traditional feminine wiles to get her out of trouble."
Critical reception towards Jasmine has been generally mixed. Ty Burr of Entertainment Weekly described Jasmine as Disney's "most full-bodied" heroine. Desson Howe of The Washington Post appreciated Jasmine for providing the film with "feminist consciousness". The Christian Science Monitor's David Sterrit opined, "the princess ... is less carefully worked out [than Aladdin] but equally likable as a personality type." Contactmusic.com agreed that Jasmine has "likeably cynical streaks" despite being an "essentially bland" character. Gary Thompson of the Philadelphia Daily News wrote, "Princess Jasmine is also more barbed, yet without the obvious feminist makeover given to Belle". Similarly, James Berardinelli of ReelViews commended Jasmine for "show[ing] the same streak of stubborn independence exhibited by Ariel and Belle," but ultimately criticized the fact that "she doesn't fill a more pressing role than that of Aladdin's 'love interest.'" Writing for Tor.com, Mari Ness agreed that "Compared to these side characters, main characters Aladdin and Jasmine feel a bit, well, bland." Ness elaborated, "Jasmine follows in the footsteps of Ariel and Belle as someone unhappy with the restrictions of her world and her lack of choices: like both of them, she takes active steps to change this, and it’s not entirely her fault that she’s a secondary character in a film not all that interested in her ... She’s perceptive, and fast thinking, but this isn’t her movie, and in the end, although she does get to choose her own husband, she doesn’t really get a chance, like Ariel and Belle, to move out of her world. She can be shown the world, but she stays in her palace."
Other critics have reacted less favorably towards Jasmine. Common Sense Media criticized the character for lacking an original predicament, while Creative Loafing's Matt Brunson described her as a "liberated" but "stiff" heroine. Janet Maslin of The New York Times panned Jasmine: "the sloe-eyed Princess Jasmine ... a nymph in harem pants, use[s] words like 'fabulous' and 'amazing' to express unremarkable thoughts", concluding, "Luckily, they are surrounded by an overpowering array of secondary characters who make the film's sidelines much more interesting than its supposed center." While Time Out called the character disappointing, TV Guide criticized Jasmine for being "bland". Roger Ebert cited Jasmine among the film's "weaknesses", panning the relationship between her and Aladdin as "pale and routine". Additionally, Ebert concluded that the characters "look unformed, as if even the filmmakers didn't see them as real individuals." Ed Gonzalez of Slant Magazine similarly derided the character, writing, "Jasmine is another 'free-spirited' type in the Barbie-doll tradition, a faux feminist who wants everyone to know that she can do everything the boys can". Orange Coast's Henry A. Giroux panned Jasmine as little more than "an object of [Aladdin]'s immediate desire" and "stepping stone to social mobility." When questioned about whether or not Jasmine is a positive role model because "all she wants to do is get married", Larkin defended her character, explaining, "That's not true. Jasmine says to a generation of little kids about marriage that the law is wrong. She risks everything—her safety, her comfort, everything she knows—and goes out and finds a way to change the marriage law ... Yeah, she's a good role model!' Really good! Whether it's connected or not, that person that the writers created that I got to portray, I'm so proud of her. And I feel like she was ahead of her time."
Due to the film's popularity, Jasmine ultimately became one of the original members of the Disney Princess franchise, and remains the only member of the lineup who is not the main character of her film. After Aladdin's release, Jasmine would remain Disney's last fairy tale princess for 17 years. As Disney's first non-white princess, the character is credited with introducing ethnic diversity to Disney animated films, and was followed by three ethnic Disney Princesses: Pocahontas, Mulan and Tiana, thus "paving the way in letting children believe that anyone of any race can be a princess and more importantly, to fight for what you believe in." Bustle included the moment Jasmine meets Aladdin for the first time in the website's ranking of the most feminist Disney Princess moments. Describing the character's storyline as "pretty awesome," author Samantha Rullo scribed, "when she meets Aladdin we learn just how strong-willed and independent she truly is." Tala Dayrit of Female Network included Jasmine in her list of "30 Fierce and Fun Female Cartoon Characters". Describing her as "a new-age princess", Dayrit wrote that Jasmine is "opinionated and spirited, with a clear mind of her own" who "refus[es] to believe that her life should be lived according to the dictates of others". According to Meghan O’Keefe of Overthinking It, Jasmine is "introduced [as a] character with tremendous potential to be a feminist heroine ... but ultimately, ineffectual." O'Keefe continued, "All we see Jasmine do is sit around with a docile tiger and pout. She doesn’t do chores because she’s a princess, but she also doesn’t read books, play music, or talk to any human beings", ultimately criticizing her for lacking the "violent thirst for learning" that Ariel and Belle possessed. Sonia Saraiya of Nerve ranked Jasmine fifth in her article "Ranked: Disney Princesses From Least To Most Feminist". Saraiya praised her personality, likening her boldness, curiosity, and skepticism of marriage to that of Belle while commending her for "falling for a completely inadequate 'street rat' and whisking him out of poverty, instead of the other way around." However, Saraiya labeled Jasmine's use of sexuality her "only power", criticizing her for sending a negative message to young girls. Dimas Sanfiorenzo of Complex ranked Jasmine second in his article "The 25 Hottest Cartoon Women Of All Time", awarding specific praise to her hair and her eyes.
Jasmine was Disney's first non-white princess, which inspired the studio to continue becoming more ethnically diverse with their next princesses Pocahontas and Mulan. Jasmine and Aladdin's appearance garnered controversy by being similar in appearance to Caucasians. The Arabian Nights Reader author observed that the character speaks "perfect American English" despite her "ostensibly Middle Eastern features."
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