Princess Ludovika of Bavaria

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Duchess in Bavaria
Ludovika 1808-1892.jpg
Born(1808-08-30)30 August 1808
Munich, Kingdom of Bavaria
Died25 January 1892(1892-01-25) (aged 83)
Munich, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire
Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria
(m. 1828; died 1888)
IssueLudwig Wilhelm, Duke in Bavaria
Wilhelm Karl, Duke in Bavaria
Helene, Hereditary Princess of Thurn and Taxis
Elisabeth, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary
Karl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria
Marie Sophie, Queen of the Two Sicilies
Mathilde Ludovika, Countess of Trani
Maximilian, Duke in Bavaria
Sophie Charlotte, Duchess of Alençon
Maximilian Emanuel, Duke in Bavaria
FatherMaximilian I Joseph, King of Bavaria
MotherKaroline of Baden
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Princess Ludovika of Bavaria (Marie Ludovika Wilhelmine; Mary Louise Wilhelmina; 30 August 1808 – 25 January 1892) was the sixth child of King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and his second wife, Karoline of Baden, and the mother of Empress Elisabeth of Austria. She was born and died in Munich.



Prinzessin Ludovika von Bayern und Herzog Max in Bayern, 1828

Ludovika married Maximilian Joseph, Duke in Bavaria (December 4, 1808 - November 15, 1888), whose father Duke Pius August in Bavaria was her cousin, on September 9, 1828, in Tegernsee. Ludovika was always frustrated that, unlike her elder sisters (who married kings and Austrian archdukes), she would not be marrying someone with a grand title, but rather a peculiar and childish duke who had a fondness for circuses. However, Ludovika was determined to create dynastic marriages for her daughters. She and her husband had ten children, including Empress Elisabeth of Austria and Queen Maria Sofia of the Two Sicilies.[1]


Name Birth Death Notes
Ludwig Wilhelm, Duke in Bavaria ("Louis") 21 June 1831 6 November 1920(1920-11-06) (aged 89) married Henriette, Freiin von Wallersee (morganatically), had issue.
Wilhelm Karl, Duke in Bavaria 24 December 1832 13 February 1833(1833-02-13) (aged 0) died in childhood.
Helene Caroline Therese, Duchess in Bavaria ("Néné") 4 April 1834 16 May 1890(1890-05-16) (aged 56) married Maximilian Anton Lamoral, Hereditary Prince of Thurn and Taxis, had issue.
Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie, Duchess in Bavaria (Sisi) 24 December 1837 10 September 1898(1898-09-10) (aged 60) married Franz Josef of Austria and became the empress of Austria and queen of Hungary, had issue.
Karl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria "Gackl" 9 August 1839 30 November 1909(1909-11-30) (aged 70) married twice. First to his cousin Sophie of Saxony in 1865 and secondly to Maria Josepha of Portugal in 1874, had issue from both marriages.
Marie Sophie Amalie, Duchess in Bavaria 4 October 1841 19 January 1925(1925-01-19) (aged 83) married Francis II of the Two Sicilies, had issue (a daughter who died very young).
Mathilde Ludovika, Duchess in Bavaria 30 September 1843 18 June 1925(1925-06-18) (aged 81) married Lodovico, Count of Trani, son of Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies, the half-brother from Francis II of the Two Sicilies, had issue.
Maximilian, Duke in Bavaria 8 December 1845 8 December 1845(1845-12-08) (aged 0) stillborn.
Sophie Charlotte Augustine, Duchess in Bavaria 23 February 1847 4 May 1897(1897-05-04) (aged 50) married Ferdinand Philippe Marie, duc d'Alençon (1844–1910), son of Louis Charles Philippe Raphael, duc de Nemours, had issue.
Duke Maximilian Emanuel in Bavaria "Mapperl" 7 December 1849 12 June 1893(1893-06-12) (aged 43) married Princess Amalie of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, had issue.



  1. ^ See the biography of her son Karl-Theodor: Sexau, Richard. Fürst und Arzt, Dr. med. Herzog Carl Theodor in Bayern: Shicksal zwischen Wittelsbach und Habsburg. Graz: Verlag Styria, 1963.

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