Princess Märtha of Sweden
|Crown Princess of Norway|
Photograph of Crown Princess Märtha in 1929
28 March 1901|
Arvfurstens palats, Stockholm, Sweden
|Died||5 April 1954
Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway
|Burial||21 April 1954
Akershus Castle, Oslo, Norway
|Spouse||Olav V, King of Norway (m. 1929–54)|
|Issue||Princess Ragnhild, Mrs. Lorentzen
Princess Astrid, Mrs. Ferner
Harald V, King of Norway
|Father||Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland|
|Mother||Princess Ingeborg of Denmark|
Princess Märtha of Sweden (Märtha Sofia Lovisa Dagmar Thyra; 28 March 1901 – 5 April 1954) was Crown Princess of Norway as the spouse of the future King Olav V from 1929 until her death in 1954. The presently reigning King Harald V is her only son.
Märtha was born at her parents' home of Arvfurstens Palats in Stockholm on 28 March 1901, the second child of Prince Carl of Sweden, Duke of Västergötland, and his wife Princess Ingeborg of Denmark. Her father was the younger brother of King Gustav V of Sweden, and her mother was the younger sister of King Christian X of Denmark and of King Haakon VII of Norway.
Märtha had an elder sisters Margaretha, Princess Axel of Denmark and a younger sister Queen Astrid of the Belgians and a younger brother Prince Carl Bernadotte (prev. Prince Carl of Sweden, Duke of Östergötland).
Märtha grew up as being much more confident and outgoing and as the daughter most admired by her mother, the Duchess of Västergötland.
Following a year-long engagement, she married her cousin, Crown Prince Olav of Norway, in Oslo Cathedral on 21 March 1929. Märtha's was the first royal wedding in Norway in 340 years. The marriage, which is widely believed to have been a success due in large part to their genuine love and affection for one another, produced three children: Ragnhild (1930–2012); Astrid (b. 1932); and the much awaited heir, Harald (b. 1937).
The Crown Princess was quickly taken into the hearts of the Norwegian people due to her easy-going, yet serene manner. Rather than indulge in the excesses of her lofty position, the Crown Princess was immensely humble, light-hearted, and generous. One such example of this is shown in her desire to put into practice her skills as seamstress, sewing clothes for herself and her children. In 1939, shortly before the outbreak of World War II in Europe, the Crown Prince and Princess made a highly popular visit to the United States. The couple befriended President Franklin Roosevelt and his wife, Eleanor Roosevelt. During this visit, the couple conducted an extensive tour of the Upper Midwest, where many Norwegian immigrants had settled.
During the tour, Crown Princess Märtha was honored with initiation into the Delta Zeta sorority. She and her lady-in-waiting were pinned during the initiation ceremony at the University of North Dakota, by Delta Zeta national president, Myrtle Graeter Malott.
Crown Princess Märtha assumed the role of First Lady on Queen Maud’s death in 1938.
World War II
Crown Princess Märtha, who contributed greatly in the mobilization work for Norway's self-protection, made a public announcement on 26 January 1940 in which she encouraged Norwegian women to take part in the mobilization work. When Germany invaded Norway in April 1940, the Crown Princess and her children fled first to her native Sweden, but she was not well received. Many Swedes felt she had put Sweden's neutrality at jeopardy. Some even suggested she should accept the suggestion by the Germans, and return her three-year-old son, Prince Harald, to Norway so he could be proclaimed King by the Germans. This was never seen as an option for Princess Märtha. Following an invitation by President Roosevelt, she went to the United States on the United States Army transport American Legion, via the then Finnish port city of Petsamo. In the U.S., she and her children initially took up residence in the White House.
Crown Prince Olav, however, had gone with his father, the King, to the United Kingdom, where he worked with the Norwegian government-in-exile. Thus, the Crown Couple, as were many couples during the time, were separated for much of the war.
The friendship that the Crown Couple had cultivated with the Roosevelts was further developed during the war years. In 1942, the US presented the exiled Norwegian forces with the gift of the submarine chaser HNoMS King Haakon VII, which was received by Crown Princess Märtha, who in her reply gave a speech in support of the Norwegian liberation  Her impressive work to assist the American Red Cross and on behalf of Norwegian interests greatly impressed Roosevelt and influenced his "Look to Norway" speech in 1942.
Novelist and essayist Gore Vidal later asserted that Crown Princess Märtha was "the last love" of Roosevelt. Roosevelt's son James stated that "There was no question that Martha was an important figure in Father's life during the war ... there is a real possibility that a true romantic relationship developed between the president and the princess."
Princess Märtha spent much of World War II in the United States, where she worked tirelessly to keep up support for Norway among the American public and government. In 1942, she visited London to take part in the birthday celebration for her father-in-law. When she returned to Norway following the war in 1945, she received a hero's welcome and was referred to as "Mother of the Nation". She wholly embraced her role as Crown Princess of Norway and made tremendous efforts towards ensuring the stability and well-being of all Norwegians.
Following a lengthy period of ill-health, Märtha died of cancer at The National Hospital in Oslo in 5 April 1954. At the time of her death her elder daughter Ragnhild was expecting her first child. Her death came little more than three years before her husband ascended the throne as king.
A statue of the princess was erected outside the Norwegian embassy in Washington, D.C. in 2005. In 2007, a replica of the statue was erected in the courtyard of the Royal Palace in Oslo.
Crown Princess Märtha’s Memorial Fund is a charitable trust administered by the Norwegian Crown. The Crown Princess's youngest daughter, Princess Astrid, serves as chairperson. Initially established as Her Royal Highness Crown Princess Märtha’s Fund on 1 April 1929, the fund "is to provide financial support to social and humanitarian initiatives carried out by non-governmental organizations." In 2005, the Fund had assets of approximately 28 million Norwegian krone (NOK), and issued grants totaling about 1.5 million NOK for roughly 300 recipients.
The popular Swedish layer cake Princess cake was named for Märtha and her two sisters when they were children.
Titles, styles and honours
Crown Princess Märtha of Norway
|Reference style||Her Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Royal Highness|
- 28 March 1901 – 1905: Her Royal Highness Princess Märtha of Sweden and Norway
- 1905 – 21 March 1929: Her Royal Highness Princess Märtha of Sweden
- 21 March 1929 – 5 April 1954: Her Royal Highness The Crown Princess of Norway
- Norway: Knight Grand Cross with Collar of the Order of St. Olav
- Norway: Royal Family Order of King Haakon VII of Norway
Arms and monogram
- Brewer, Nancy, and Rochelle Mackey. A Century of Sisterhood: The Story of Delta Zeta Sorority 1902-2002. Phoenix: Heritage, Inc., AZ.
- Krigens Dagbok (The diary of the war) (in Norwegian) 1984
- Krigens Dagbok (The diary of the war) (in Norwegian) 1984
- Vidal, Gore (1995). Palimpsest: a memoir. New York: Random House. p. 64. ISBN 0-679-44038-0.
- Goodwin, Doris Kearns (1994). No Ordinary Time. Simon & Schuster. p. 153. ISBN 9780684804484.
- "Who was Princess Märtha of Sweden? - History of Royal Women". History of Royal Women. 2017-03-28. Retrieved 2017-05-30.
- Royal House web page on Crown Princess Märtha’s Memorial Fund Retrieved 6 November 2007
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Princess Märtha of Sweden.|
- Website of the Royal House of Norway: Crown Princess Märtha
- A film clip ALLIES WIN SEA, AIR BATTLE IN FIGHT FOR AFRICA [ETC. (1943)] is available at the Internet Archive