Princess Margriet of the Netherlands
Princess Margriet of the Netherlands (Margriet Francisca; born 19 January 1943) is the third daughter of Queen Juliana and Prince Bernhard. As an aunt of the reigning monarch, King Willem-Alexander, she is a member of the Dutch Royal House and currently eighth and last in the line of succession to the throne.
Princess Margriet has often represented the monarch at official or semi-official events. Some of these functions have taken her back to Canada, the country where she was born de facto, and to events organised by the Dutch merchant navy of which she is a patron.
Birth and Canada
The Princess was born in the Ottawa Civic Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, to Princess Juliana of the Netherlands and Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld. Her mother was heir presumptive to Queen Wilhelmina.
The Dutch family had been living in Canada since June 1940 after the occupation of the Netherlands by Nazi Germany. The maternity ward of Ottawa Civic Hospital in which Princess Margriet was born was temporarily declared to be extraterritorial by the Canadian government. Making the maternity ward outside of the Canadian domain caused it to be unaffiliated with any jurisdiction and technically international territory. This was done to ensure that the newborn would derive her citizenship from her mother only, thus making her solely Dutch, which could have been very important if the child had been male, and as such, the heir of Princess Juliana. It is a common misconception that the Canadian government declared the maternity ward to be Dutch territory. Since Dutch nationality law is based primarily on the principle of jus sanguinis it was not necessary to make the ward Dutch territory for the Princess to become a Dutch citizen. Since Canada followed the rule of jus soli, it was necessary for Canada to disclaim the territory temporarily so that the child would not become a Canadian citizen.
Princess Margriet was named after the marguerite, the flower worn during the war as a symbol of the resistance to Nazi Germany. She was christened at St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Ottawa, on 29 June 1943. Her godparents included Franklin D. Roosevelt (President of the United States), Mary of Teck (Queen dowager of the United Kingdom), Princess Märtha of Sweden (Crown Princess of Norway), and Martine Roell (lady-in-waiting to Princess Juliana in Canada).
After the war
It was not until August 1945, when the Netherlands had been liberated, that Princess Margriet first set foot on Dutch soil. Princess Juliana and Prince Bernhard returned to Soestdijk Palace in Baarn, where the family had lived before the war.
It was while she was studying at Leiden University that Princess Margriet met her future husband, Pieter van Vollenhoven. Their engagement was announced on 10 March 1965, and they were married on 10 January 1967 in The Hague, in the St. James Church. It was decreed that any children from the marriage would be styled HH Prince/Princess of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven, titles that would not be held by their descendants. Together, they had four children: Princes Maurits (born 17 April 1968), Bernhard (born 25 December 1969), Pieter-Christiaan (born 22 March 1972), and Floris (born 10 April 1975).
Interests and activities
Princess Margriet is particularly interested in health care and cultural causes. From 1987 to 2011 she was vice-president of the Netherlands Red Cross, who set up the Princess Margriet Fund in her honour. She is a member of the board of the International Federation of National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.
From 1984 to 2007, Princess Margriet was president of the European Cultural Foundation, who set up the Princess Margriet Award for Cultural Diversity in acknowledgement of her work.
Titles and styles
- 19 January 1943 – 10 January 1967: Her Royal Highness Princess Margriet of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau, Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld
- 10 January 1967 – present: Her Royal Highness Princess Margriet of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau, Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld, Mrs Van Vollenhoven
- Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion
- Grand Cross of the Order of the House of Orange
- Royal Wedding Medal 1966 (10 March 1966)
- Queen Beatrix Investiture Medal (30 April 1980)
- Royal Wedding Medal 2002 (2 February 2002)
- King Willem-Alexander Investiture Medal (30 April 2013)
- Belgium: Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown
- Cameroon: Grand Cordon of Order of Merit
- Chile: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit
- Finland: Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose of Finland
- France: Grand Cross of the Order of National Merit
- Germany: Grand Cross 1st Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- Italy: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
- Ivory Coast: Grand Cross of the Order of the Ivory Coast
- Japan: Grand Cordon (Paulonia) of the Order of the Precious Crown
- Jordan: Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Renaissance
- Luxembourg: Grand Cross of the Order of Adolphe of Nassau
- Luxembourg: Grand Cross of the Order of the Oak Crown
- Luxembourg: Commemorative Medal of the marriage of TRH Prince Henri and Princess Maria Teresa of Luxembourg °
- Mexico: Grand Cross of the Order of the Aztec Eagle
- Nepalese Royal Family: Member 1st Class of the Order of the Three Divine Powers
- Norway: Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Olav
- Portugal: Grand Cross of the Order of Christ
- Socialist Republic of Romania: Grand Cross of the Order of 23 August
- Senegal: Grand Cross of the Order of the Lion
- Spain : Dame Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic
- Suriname: Grand Cordon of the Order of the Yellow Star
- Sweden: Member Grand Cross of the Royal Order of the Polar Star
- Venezuela: Grand Cordon of the Order of the Liberator
- Current line of succession – Official website of the Dutch Royal House
- Princess Margriet. koninklijkhuis.nl
- "Proclamation". Canada Gazette. 26 December 1942. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
- Second World War – 1943: Netherlands' Princess Margriet born in Ottawa. cbc.ca
- The Gift of Tulips. canadascapital.gc.ca
- Orange Wedding 1967 (video). britishpathe.com
- "Honorary Board". IPC.
- Royal decree of 8 Januari 1937: Besluit betreffende den naam, te dragen door de kinderen van Hare Koninklijke Hoogheid Prinses JULIANA. angelfire.com
- State visit of Chile to Netherlands
- S.A.R. Margriet Francisca Principessa dei Paesi Bassi. Quirinale.it. 23 October 1973
- Getty Images, State visit of Luxembourg to Netherlands, 2006
- Group Photo of the members of the Nepalese and Dutch Royal Family during the state visit
- Boletín Oficial del Estado
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Princess Margriet of the Netherlands.|
- Royal House of the Netherlands (Dutch)
- CBC Archives – A look at Princess Margriet's birth in Ottawa (from 1992).
Princess Margriet of the Netherlands
Cadet branch of the House of NassauBorn: 19 January 1943
|Lines of succession|
of Orange Nassau
|Line of succession to the Dutch throne
|Last in line|
|Non-profit organization positions|
||President of the Netherlands Red Cross