Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony

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Maria Amalia of Saxony
Duchess consort of Zweibrücken
Friedrich Ludwig Vieth von Goldenau Bildnis Maria Amalie von Sachsen.jpg
Born (1757-09-26)26 September 1757
Died 20 April 1831(1831-04-20) (aged 73)
Neuburg an der Donau
Spouse Charles II August, Duke of Zweibrücken
Full name
German: Maria Amalia Anna Josepha Antonia Justina Augustina Xaveria Aloysia Johanna Nepomucena Magdalena Walburga Katharina
House Wettin
Father Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony
Mother Maria Antonia Walpurgis of Bavaria
Religion Roman Catholicism

Maria Amalia of Saxony (26 September 1757 – 20 April 1831) was a daughter of Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony and his wife Maria Antonia Walpurgis of Bavaria.[1] She became the Duchess of Zweibrücken by her 1774 marriage to Charles II August, Duke of Zweibrücken.


Maria Amalia was one of nine children born to Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony and Maria Antonia Walpurgis of Bavaria in Dresden. Among her siblings were Frederick Augustus I of Saxony, Anthony of Saxony, and Maximilian, Crown Prince of Saxony. Through her brother Maximilian, Maria Amalia was an aunt of Frederick Augustus II of Saxony and Maria Josepha Amalia, Queen of Spain.

As her parents were first cousins, Maria Amalia was also a double great granddaughter of Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor through her two grandmothers Maria Josepha of Austria and Maria Amalia of Austria (who were sisters).

Through her mother, Maria Amalia was a granddaughter of Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor.

Furthermore, she was a cousin of Louis XVI of France through her aunt Maria Josepha of Saxony.


In Dresden, 1774, Maria Amalia married Charles of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld. His sister had already been married to Maria Amalia's brother Frederick since 1769. Charles succeeded as Duke of Zweibrücken in 1775. Previously, he had been bitterly rejected in 1768 as a husband for Maria Amalia of Austria by her mother Maria Theresa of Austria, who felt he was not suitable enough for her. Maria Amalia was thus Charles' second choice.

Maria Amalia and her husband had only one son, who died in childhood. Charles' brother Maximilian inherited his title upon Charles' death in 1795.


Maria Amalia died on 20 April 1831 in Neuburg, outliving her husband by 36 years.[1]



  1. ^ a b Lundy, Darryl. "The Peerage: Marie Amalie Anne Prinzessin von Sachsen". Retrieved 11 March 2010. 
Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony
Born: 26 September, 1757 Died: 20 April, 1831
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken
Duchess consort of Zweibrücken
1775 – 1795
Succeeded by
Augusta Wilhelmina of Hesse-Darmstadt