Princess Maria Elisabeth of Bavaria

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Princess Maria Elisabeth
Maria-Elizabeth-de-Orleans-e-Bragança.jpg
Born(1914-09-14)September 14, 1914
Nymphenburg Palace, Munich, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire
Died13 May 2011(2011-05-13) (aged 96)
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Spouse
IssuePrince Luiz
Prince Eudes
Prince Bertrand
Princess Isabel
Prince Pedro
Prince Fernando
Prince Antônio
Eleanora, Princess of Ligne
Prince Francisco
Prince Alberto
Princess Maria Teresa
Princess Maria Gabriela
Full name
German: Maria Elisabeth Franziska Josepha Therese
HouseWittelsbach
FatherPrince Franz of Bavaria
MotherPrincess Isabella Antonie of Croÿ

Princess Maria Elisabeth of Bavaria (German: Prinzessin Maria Elisabeth Franziska Josepha Therese von Bayern; 9 September 1914 – 13 May 2011) was the eldest daughter of Prince Franz of Bavaria, third son of Ludwig III of Bavaria.

Early life[edit]

Princess Maria Elisabeth of Bavaria was born at Nymphenburg Palace, Munich, Kingdom of Bavaria, the second child and first daughter of Prince Franz of Bavaria (1875–1957), (son of Ludwig III of Bavaria and Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este) and his wife, Princess Isabella Antonie of Croÿ (1890–1982), (daughter of Karl Alfred, Duke of Croÿ and Princess Ludmilla of Arenberg).

Princess Maria Elisabeth was born at the beginning of First World War; most of her relatives fought during the war, even her father. Her childhood and youth were very troubled because of the regimes that were established in Germany after the war.

Until coming of age the princess lived in Sárvár Castle, in Hungary, which was owned by his grandmother, Queen Maria Teresa, a born Archduchess of Austria, Princess of Hungary and of Modena, among others. The Bavarian Royal Family returned to Bavaria in the 1930s. The republican government was forced to return a substantial part of goods and castles that had been confiscated in 1918 after the revolution.

The times in Germany between the wars (1918–1938) were difficult, due to the Great Depression of 1929 and the rise of the Nazis, and Adolf Hitler in the German government. The uncle of the princess, Rupprecht (1869–1955), head of the Royal House of Bavaria, declared himself an enemy of Hitler. This fact had a huge impact on the Royal Family; they were forced to flee to Italy. The second wife of Prince Rupprecht, Princess Antonia of Luxembourg (1899–1955), and her children, however, were captured by the Nazis, while Rupprecht, still in Italy, evaded arrest. They were imprisoned at Sachsenhausen. Although liberated that very same month, the imprisonment greatly impaired Antonia's health, and she died nine years later, at Lenzerheide, Switzerland.[1]

Princess Maria Elisabeth received education from her parents, as schooling in the art of well as painting. The Princess specialized in porcelain painting, a traditional art of Bavaria.

Marriage and departure to Brazil[edit]

On 19 August 1937 Princess Maria Elisabeth married Prince Pedro Henrique of Orléans-Braganza, head of one of the branches of the Imperial House of Brazil. The wedding took place in the chapel of Nymphenburg Palace.

The imperial couple lived first in France; although they made numerous attempts to immigrate to Brazil, they were prevented by World War II. It was not until 1945 that the family was able to move. First, they settled in the Palace of Grão-Pará, in Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro, and later in a house of the neighborhood of Retiro. In 1951, Prince Pedro Henrique acquired the Fazenda Santa Maria, in Jacarezinho, Paraná, where the family lived until 1964. In 1965, the imperial family moved to Vassouras, within the state of Rio de Janeiro.

Widowhood[edit]

In 1981, Prince Pedro Henrique died at Vassouras and his eldest son became the Head of the Vassouras branch of the Imperial House of Brazil. Maria Elisabeth's life was divided between Santa Maria and her daughter Isabel's apartment in the district of Lagoa, Rio de Janeiro. She frequently visited Bavaria and Belgium, where her other daughters resided.

In 2004, a Mass honoring her 90th birthday was celebrated by the abbot emeritus of St. Benedict of Rio de Janeiro, Jose Palmeiro Mendes, and co-celebrated by priests Sérgio Costa Couto, judge of the Ecclesiastical Tribunal of the Archdiocese of Rio de Janeiro and chaplain of the Glory of the Outeiro, and Jorge Luis Pereira da Silva at the Church of Imperial Brotherhood of Nossa Senhora da Glória do Outeiro, in Rio de Janeiro. It was attended by all of her children and numerous grandchildren, making the event noteworthy enough to be reported on by Brazilian media.

Children and descendants[edit]

  • Prince Luiz Gastão Maria Jose Pio de Orléans-Bragança e Wittelsbach (born 6 June 1938 in Mandelieu-la-Napoule), present head of the Imperial House of Brazil (according to the Vassouras branch). Unmarried and without issue.
  • Prince Eudes Maria Ranieri Pedro José de Orléans-Bragança e Wittelsbach (born 8 June 1939 in Mandelieu-la-Napoule), married firstly on 14 May 1967 in São Paulo, Ana Maria de Cerqueira César Moraes de Barros (born 20 November 1945 in São Paulo), daughter of Luíz Moraes de Barros and Maria do Carmo Cerqueira César. They were divorced in 1976. They have two children. He remarried on 26 March 1976 in Rio de Janeiro, Mercedes Willemsens Neves da Rocha (born 26 January 1955 in Petrópolis), daughter of Guy de Provença Neves da Rocha and Lia Viegas Willemsens. They have four children.
  • Prince Bertrand Maria José Pio Januaria de Orléans-Bragança e Wittelsbach (born 2 February 1941 in Mandelieu-la-Napoule), Prince Imperial of Brazil (according to the Vassouras branch). Unmarried and without issue.
  • Princess Isabel Maria Josefa Henriqueta Francisca de Orléans-Bragança e Wittelsbach (4 April 1944 in La Bourboule – 5 November 2017 in Rio de Janeiro). Died unmarried and without issue.
  • Prince Pedro de Alcántara Henrique Maria Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Wittelsbach (born 1 December 1945 in Petrópolis), married on 4 July 1974 in Rio de Janeiro, Maria de Fátima Baptista de Oliveira Rocha (born 14 July 1952 in Rio de Janeiro), daughter of Orlando de Lacerda Rocha and Silvia Maria de Andrada Baptista de Oliveira. They have five children:
    • Princess Maria Pia Josefa Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Lacerda Rocha (born 23 August 1975 in Rio de Janeiro), married on 25 August 2001 in Rio de Janeiro, Rodrigo Octávio Broglia Mendes (born 7 November 1974 in Rio de Janeiro), son of António Carlos Mendes and Sônia Maria Broglia. They have two sons:
      • Antônio Broglia Mendes e Orléans-Bragança (born 21 October 2004 in São Paulo)
      • Pedro Broglia Mendes e Orleans-Bragança (born 30 January 2009 in São Paulo)
    • Princess Maria Caroline Josefa Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Lacerda Rocha (born 19 September 1978 in Rio de Janeiro), married on 2 December 2005 in Rio de Janeiro, Nuno de Carvalho Moreira (born 20 September 1974 in Rio de Janeiro), son of César de Faria Domingues Moreira and Maria Guadalupe de Carvalho. They have two children:
      • Joaquim Pedro de Orleans-Bragança e Moreira (born 13 April 2009 in São Paulo)
      • Maria Sofia de Orleans-Bragança e Moreira (born 10 October 2010 in São Paulo)
    • Prince Gabriel José Miguel Rafael Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Lacerda Rocha (born 1 December 1980 in Rio de Janeiro), married on 8 July 2009 in Rio de Janeiro, Luciana de Sousa Oliveira Guaspari (born 14 September 1981 in Rio de Janeiro), daughter of Attílio Guaspari and Regina Oliveira de Souza. They have three sons:
      • Prince Gabriel of Orléans and Bragança (born 12 April 2013 in Rio de Janeiro)
      • Prince Rafael of Orléans and Bragança (born in 2015)
      • Prince Maria Júlia of Orléans and Bragança (born 19 February 2018)
    • Princess Maria de Fatima Isabel Josefa Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Lacerda Rocha (born 13 May 1988 in Rio de Janeiro)
    • Princess Maria Manuela Josefa Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Lacerda Rocha (born 1 March 1989 in Rio de Janeiro)
  • Prince Fernando Diniz Maria José Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Wittelsbach (born 2 February 1948 in Petrópolis), married on 19 March 1975 in Rio de Janeiro, Maria de Graça de Siqueira Carvalho Baere de Araújo (born 27 June 1952 in Rio de Janeiro), daughter of Walter Baere de Araujo and Maria Madalena de Sousa-Carvalho e Siqueira-Carvalho. They have three daughters:
    • Princess Isabel Maria Eleonora Josefa Francisca Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orléans Bragança e Baere de Araújo (born 30 January 1978 in Rio de Janeiro), married on 16 October 2009 in Rio de Janeiro, Count Alexander Heinrich Martin Christoph Antonius Franziskus Xaverius Benedictus Hubertus Maria zu Stolberg-Stolberg (born 26 February 1974 in Frankfurt am Main), son of Count Josef Emanuel zu Stolberg-Stolberg and Jacqueline Florin de Duikinberg. They have two sons:
      • Count Louis-Bernhard zu Stolberg-Stolberg (born 16 December 2014 in Brussels)
      • Count Lorenz zu Stolberg-Stolberg (born 5 September 2016 in Brussels)
    • Princess Maria de Gloria Cristina Josefa Joana Eleonora Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orléans Bragança e Baere de Araújo (born 11 November 1982 in Rio de Janeiro)
    • Princess Luíza Carolina Maria de Fatima Josefa Julia Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orléans Bragança e Baere de Araújo (born 27 October 1984 in Rio de Janeiro)
  • Prince Antônio João Maria José Jorge Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Wittelsbach (born 24 June 1950 in Rio de Janeiro), married on 25 September 1981 in Belœil, Princess Christine de Ligne (born 11 August 1955 in Belœil), daughter of Antoine, 13th Prince of Ligne, and Princess Alix of Luxembourg. They have four children.
  • Princess Eleonora Maria Josefa Rosa Filipa Miguela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Wittelsbach (born 20 May 1953 in Jacarezinho), married on 10 March 1981 in Rio de Janeiro, Michel, 14th Prince of Ligne (born 26 May 1951 in Belœil), son of Antoine, 13th Prince of Ligne, and Princess Alix of Luxembourg. They have two children.
  • Prince Francisco Maria José Rasso Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Wittelsbach (born 6 April 1955 in Jacarezinho), married on 28 December 1980 in Rio de Janeiro, Cláudia Regina Lisboa Martins Godinho (born 11 July 1954 in Rio de Janeiro), daughter of Eurico Borges Godinho and Nilza Leite Martins. They have three daughters:
    • Princess Maria Elizabeth Josefa Ângela Michaela Gabriela Raphaela Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Godinho (born 1 March 1982 in Rio de Janeiro), married on 6 August 2011 in Rio de Janeiro, Pablo Trinidade de Souza (born 1 May 1981 in Rio de Janeiro), son of Evandro Romeo de Souza and Isis Maria Trinidade. They have two daughters:
      • Maria Isabel de Orleans-Bragança e Souza (born 29 November 2015 in Rio de Janeiro)
      • Maria Luiza de Orleans-Bragança e Souza (born in 2018)
    • Princess Maria Thereza Cristiana Josefa Albertina Michaela Gabriela Raphaela Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Godinho (born 31 January 1984 in Rio de Janeiro), married in 2017, Guilherme dos Santos Zanker
    • Princess Maria Eleonora Josefa Antonia Cristiana Michaela Gabriela Raphaela Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Godinho (born 31 January 1984 in Rio de Janeiro)
  • Prince Alberto Maria José João Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Wittelsbach (born 23 June 1957 in Jundiaí do Sul), married on 11 January 1983 in Rio de Janeiro, Maritza Bulcão Ribas Bockel (born 29 April 1961 in Rio de Janeiro), daughter of Jaddo Barbosa Bockel and Dona Marisa Bulcão Ribas. They have four children:
    • Prince Pedro Alberto Maria José Francisco Miguel Gabriel Raphael Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Bockel (born 31 May 1988 in Rio de Janeiro)
    • Princess Maria Beatriz Isabel Guilhermina Michaela Gabriela Raphaela Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Bockel (born 27 July 1990 in Rio de Janeiro)
    • Princess Ana Thereza Maria Francisca Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Bockel (born 10 February 1995 in Rio de Janeiro)
    • Prince Antônio Alberto Maria José Henrique Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Bockel (born 20 May 1997 in Rio de Janeiro)
  • Princess Maria Teresa Aldegunda Luiza Josefa Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Wittelsbach (born 14 July 1959 in Jundiaí do Sul), married on 4 November 1995 in Rio de Janeiro, Johannes Hessel de Jong (born 5 March 1954 in Joure), son of Johannes Cornelis de Jong and Madeleine Marie Thole. They have two children:
    • Dom Johannes Pedro Michel Marie de Orléans-Bragança e Jong (born 24 April 1997 in London)
    • Dona Maria Pia Gabriela de Orléans-Bragança e Jong (born 12 July 2000 in Brussels)
  • Princess Maria Gabriela Dorotèa Isabel Josefa Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Wittelsbach (born 14 July 1959 in Jundiaí do Sul), married on 20 December 2003 in Teresópolis, Theodore Senna de Hungria da Silva Machado (born 12 July 1954 in Petrópolis), son of Paulo Eduardo de Hungaria da Silva Machado e Outra and Sylvia Emília de Melo Franco Senna, They were divorced in 2005. She remarried João Marcos Pilli.

Titles and honors[edit]

Styles of
Princess Maria Elisabeth of Orléans-Braganza as consort
COA Dinasty Orleães-Bragança.svg
Reference styleHer Imperial and Royal Highness
Spoken styleYour Imperial and Royal Highness

Titles[edit]

  • 14 September 1914 – 19 August 1937: Her Highness Princess Maria Elisabeth of Bavaria
  • 19 August 1937 – 13 May 2011: Her Imperial and Royal Highness Princess Maria Elisabeth of Orléans-Braganza

Honors[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Theroff, Paul. "Luxemburg Genealogy". www.angelfire.com/realm/gotha/ (Paul Theroff’s Royal Genealogy Site).[self-published source][better source needed]

Sources[edit]

Princess Maria Elisabeth of Bavaria
Cadet branch of the House of Wittelsbach
Born: 9 September 1914 Died: 13 May 2011
Titles in pretence
Vacant
Title last held by
Gaston, Count of Eu
as Emperor Consort
— TITULAR —
Empress consort of Brazil
19 August 1937 – 5 July 1981
Succeeded by
None