Princess Maria Leopoldine of Anhalt-Dessau

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Maria Leopoldine of Anhalt-Dessau
Leopoldine Marie of Anhalt-Dessau, Princess of Lippe-Detmold, painting by Christian Lisiewsky, 1765
Born (1746-11-18)18 November 1746
Died 15 April 1769(1769-04-15) (aged 22)
Noble family Ascania
Spouse(s) Simon August, Count of Lippe-Detmold
Father Leopold II Maximilian of Anhalt-Dessau
Mother Gisela Agnes

Marie Leopoldine von Anhalt-Dessau (18 November 1746, Dessau – 15 April 1769, Detmold) was a princess of Anhalt-Dessau by birth and by marriage Countess of Lippe-Detmold.


Leopoldine Marie was a daughter of Prince Leopold II of Anhalt-Dessau (1700–1751) from his marriage to Gisela Agnes (1722–1751), daughter of Prince Leopold of Anhalt-Köthen. She had a particularly close relationship wirh her sisters Agnes and Casimire, with whom she mostly lived together, even after her marriage, and with whom she conducted an extensive correspondence when they were not together.

At age 18, on 28 September 1765 in Dessau, she married Count Simon August (1727–1782) of Lippe-Detmold, who was twice as old as she was. In her letters to her sisters, she complained about being homesick, so her sisters decided to follow her to Detmold. She personally oversaw the modernizing of the princely residence Detmold Castle and the Court at Lemgo.

She died on 15 April 1769, only four years after her marriage. Later that year, Simon August married her sister Casimire.


From her marriage with Simon August, Marie Leopoldine had one son:

References and sources[edit]

  • Eva Labouvie: Schwestern und Freundinnen: zur Kulturgeschichte weiblicher Kommunikation, Böhlau Verlag, Cologne / Weimar, 2009, p. 321 ff