Princess Muna al-Hussein

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Princess Muna with sons 1964.jpg
Princess Muna with sons Faisal and Abdullah (right) in 1964
Princess consort of Jordan
Tenure 25 May 1961 – 21 December 1972
Born Antoinette Avril Gardiner
(1941-04-25) 25 April 1941 (age 76)
Chelmondiston, Suffolk, England
Spouse Hussein of Jordan
(m. 1961; div. 1972)
Issue Abdullah II of Jordan
Prince Faisal
Princess Aisha
Princess Zein
House Hashemite (by marriage)
Father Walter Percy Gardiner
Mother Doris Elizabeth Sutton
Jordanian royal family
Coat of arms of Jordan.svg

HM Queen Noor

Princess Muna al-Hussein (born Antoinette Avril Gardiner;[1] 25 April 1941) is the mother of King Abdullah II of Jordan. She was the second wife of King Hussein until their divorce on 21 December 1972. She is British by birth, and changed her name to Muna al-Hussein upon marriage.

Early life[edit]

Toni Gardiner was born in Chelmondiston, the daughter of Doris Elizabeth (née Sutton) and Walter Percy Gardiner. She attended Bourne School in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, which was administered by the British Families Education Service for the children of British Service personnel stationed overseas, where she was an A-grade field hockey player. The school closed when British Forces withdrew from Malaya.[citation needed]

Gardiner's father was a high-ranking British Army Officer stationed at Long Marston in Warwickshire in the 1960s.[2]

Marriage and children[edit]

Gardiner met the King of Jordan, Hussein, while working as a secretarial assistant on the film set of Lawrence of Arabia. The King had allowed his troops to work as extras on this film and would occasionally visit to monitor the production's progress. However, there is another report, stating that Gardiner and the King met when her father began to work as a Military Adviser in Jordan.[2]

Gardiner married King Hussein in Amman, Jordan, on 25 May 1961. The Jordanian constitution requires that any heir to the throne be born of a legitimate couple, and both parents should be Muslims.[3] She kept the title Her Royal Highness Princess Muna al-Hussein after the divorce. Together they had four children:

They were divorced on 21 December 1972. After her divorce, she was allowed to keep the style of Royal Highness and the title of Princess of Jordan. She continues to work and live in Jordan.[citation needed]

Causes and activities[edit]

She is involved in the development of nursing in Jordan, founding the Princess Muna Scholarship Fund for Nursing.[4] In 1962, Princess Muna founded the Princess Muna College of Nursing, now the Princess Muna College of Nursing and Allied Health Professions.[5]


National honours[edit]

Foreign honours[edit]


External links[edit]

Royal titles
Preceded by
Dina bint 'Abdu'l-Hamid
as queen consort
Princess consort of Jordan
25 May 1961 – 21 December 1972
Succeeded by
Alia al-Hussein
as queen consort