Princess Pauline of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

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Pauline
Hereditary Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
PaulineSaWeiEis.jpg
Born (1852-07-25)25 July 1852
Stuttgart
Died 17 May 1904(1904-05-17) (aged 51)
Orte
Spouse Charles Augustus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Issue William Ernest, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Prince Bernhard
Full name
Pauline Ida Marie Olga Henriette Katherine
House House of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
(by birth and marriage)
Father Prince Hermann of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Mother Princess Augusta of Württemberg

Princess Pauline of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (Pauline Ida Marie Olga Henriette Katherine; 25 July 1852, in Stuttgart – 17 May 1904, in Orte) was the wife of Charles Augustus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.[1]

She was a daughter of Prince Hermann of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and Princess Augusta of Württemberg.[1]

Hereditary Grand Duchess[edit]

On 26 August 1873 at Friedrichshafen, Baden-Württemberg, Pauline married Charles Augustus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.[1][2] They were second cousins, as she was the paternal granddaughter of Prince Bernhard, younger brother of the Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, the grandfather of Karl August.

Pauline and Charles Augustus had two sons:

Name Birth Death Notes
Wilhelm Ernst Karl Alexander Friedrich Heinrich Bernhard Albert Georg Hermann, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach b. Weimar, 10 June 1876 d. Heinrichau, 24 April 1923 married firstly Princess Caroline Reuss of Greiz (no issue) and secondly Princess Feodora of Saxe-Meiningen (had issue).
Prince Bernhard Karl Alexander Hermann Heinrich Wilhelm Oscar Friedrich Franz Peter b. Weimar, 18 April 1878 d. Weimar, 1 October 1900 died unmarried at the age of 22.

Charles Augustus died on 22 November 1894 of inflammation of the lungs, at the age of 50.[3] He never succeeded as Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. Consequently, Pauline was always known as Hereditary Grand Duchess, or after his death, Dowager Hereditary Grand Duchess. Their elder son William Ernest succeeded as Grand Duke.

Widowhood[edit]

In her final years, Pauline spent a lot of time in Italy, and was a frequent visitor to the Italian court.[4] It was rumored that she entered into a morganatic marriage with her chamberlain.[5] This marriage did not appear in the Almanach de Gotha, and was not approved by her son the Grand Duke. Consequently, the marriage was not sanctioned by the Saxe-Weimar government.[5] She continued to be styled as grand duchess only by courtesy, as she was unpopular with her family and her son's subjects.[5]

Though she lived much of her widowhood away from the Saxe-Weimar court, Pauline "contributed even from a distance, to create the difficulties which rendered the position of her daughter-in-law, the present grand duchess, so extremely difficult during the first few months of marriage".[5] She was described as "extraordinarily fat, and one of the most plain-featured princesses of Germany, her homeliness being of the crabbed and sour order rather than of a genial nature".[5]

On 17 May 1904, Pauline died suddenly of heart disease while on a train en route from Rome to Florence.[2][4][6] Her body was taken to Florence.[6]

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 25 July 1852 - 26 August 1873: Her Highness Princess Pauline of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
  • 26 August 1873 – 22 November 1894: Her Royal Highness The Hereditary Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
  • 22 November 1894 – 17 May 1904: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Hereditary Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lundy, Darryl. "The Peerage: Pauline Ida Prinzessin von Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach". Retrieved 17 August 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "Memorial Notices", The Manchester Guardian, Rome, 18 May 1904 
  3. ^ "Hereditary Grand Duke Dead", The New York Times, Berlin, 22 November 1894 
  4. ^ a b Eilers Koenig, Marlene. "Hereditary Grand Duchess Pauline of Saxe-Weimar". Royal Musings. Retrieved 1 September 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Eilers Koenig, Marlene. "More on Pauline of Saxe-Weimar". Royal Musings. Retrieved 1 September 2010. 
  6. ^ a b "Grand Duchess Dead", The New York Times, Rome, 18 May 1904