Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia

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Philippine Charlotte of Prussia
Duchess consort of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Princess philippine charlotte of prussia.jpg
Spouse Charles I of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Issue Charles II, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Prince Georg Franz
Sophie, Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
Prince Christian Ludwig
Anna, Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Prince Frederick Augustus
Prince Albrecht Heinrich
Princess Louise
Prince Wilhelm Adolf
Elisabeth Christine, Crown Princess of Prussia
Princess Friederike
Augusta Dorothea, Abbess of Gandersheim
Prince Maximilian Julius Leopold
Full name
Philippine Charlotte
House House of Hohenzollern (by birth)
House of Brunswick-Bevern
(by marriage)
Father Frederick William I of Prussia
Mother Sophia Dorothea of Hanover
Born (1716-03-13)13 March 1716
Stadtschloss, Berlin
Died 17 February 1801(1801-02-17) (aged 84)

Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia (German: Philippine Charlotte von Preußen) (13 March 1716, Berlin – 17 February 1801, Brunswick) was a daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover.


She was the fourth child and third daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and his wife Sophia Dorothea of Hanover. She was a sister of Frederick II of Prussia, Queen Louisa Ulrika of Sweden, and Friederike Luise, Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach.

Through her mother, she was a granddaughter of George I of Great Britain. This thus made her a niece of George II of Great Britain and a cousin of Frederick, Prince of Wales, Anne, Princess of Orange, and Queen Louise of Denmark and Norway.


On 2 July 1733 in Berlin, Princess Philippine Charlotte married Duke Charles of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, eldest son of Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Charles inherited the dukedom on his father's death in 1735.

Charles and Philippine had thirteen children[1]


Philippine charlotte herzogin von braunschweig.jpg
Prussian Royalty
House of Hohenzollern
Wappen Deutsches Reich - Königreich Preussen (Grosses).png
Frederick William I
   Frederick Louis, Prince of Orange
   Wilhelmine, Margravine of Bayreuth
   Friedrich William, Prince of Orange
   Princess Charlotte Albertine
   Frederick II
   Friederike Luise, Margravine of Ansbach
   Philippine Charlotte, Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
   Prince Ludwig Karl Wilhelm
   Sophia Dorothea, Margravine of Schwedt
   Louisa Ulrika, Queen of Sweden
   Prince Augustus William
   Anna Amalie, Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg
   Prince Henry
   Prince Augustus Ferdinand

The simultaneous marriage of herself and of her brother Frederick to the sister of her spouse led to a permanent alliance of the most important North German Protestant houses Prussia and Brunswick. The family ties of the two dynasties meant the alliance of Charles I with his brother in the Seven Years' War and the career of Philippines sons in the Prussian service.

Philippine Charlotte was described as subtle and highly educated. She worked independently of an extract of the philosophical writings of Christian von Wolff in French. The Duchess pursued, partly because of the influence of the ducal adviser Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Jerusalem, the German intellectual life very closely. She appreciated the poet Salomon Gessner and maintained a personal relationship Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock. Philippine Charlotte left to the Wolfenbüttel Library her own collection of 4,000 volumes.




External links[edit]

Media related to Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia at Wikimedia Commons

German nobility
Preceded by
Duchess Antoinette of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Duchess consort of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Title next held by
Princess Augusta of Great Britain