Princess Royal Harbour

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The location of Princess Royal Harbour relative to King George Sound
Princess Royal Harbour panorama

Princess Royal Harbour is a part of King George Sound on the South Coast Western Australia, and harbour to Albany.

On its northern shore is the Port of Albany. The first European to explore the waters was George Vancouver in September 1791; he named the harbour after Princess Charlotte Augusta Matilda.

The harbour was surveyed by Matthew Flinders in 1802, Jules Dumont d'Urville in 1826, John Lort Stokes in 1848, and Henry Mangles Denham in 1858.[1]

The harbour was less than two metres deep until it was dredged in 1901,[2] and its entrance was dredged in 1952.[3]

Water quality has been tested and monitored over time.[4][5][6] The harbour is the location of a seagrass meadow of Posidonia.[7]

The Princess Royal Harbour was the departure location for a large convoy of Australian troops in November 1914.[8][9]

The entrance to the harbour was named Atatürk Channel in 1985 (for Mustafa Kemal Atatürk);[10] it is also known as Atatürk Entrance.[11][12][13]

The name Princess Royal also appears in Albany in Princess Royal Fortress and Princess Royal Drive.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Great Britain. Hydrographic Department; Denham, Henry Mangles, Sir, 1800-1887; Dumont d'Urville, Jules-Sébastien-César, 1790-1842; Flinders, Matthew, 1774-1814; Stokes, J. Lort (John Lort), 1811-1885; Potter, J. D. (John D.); J. & C. Walker (1859), Western Australia, King George Sound and Princess Royal Harbour (Additions to 1859 ed.), Published at the Admiralty, 24th Sepr. 1858 under the superintendence of Captn. Washington, R.N. F.R.S. hydrographer : Sold by J.D. Potter, Agent for the Admiralty charts, 31 Poultry and 11 King St., Tower Hill, retrieved 1 May 2016
  2. ^ "Country". The West Australian. Perth: National Library of Australia. 19 January 1904. p. 3. Retrieved 30 June 2012.
  3. ^ "Dredges Work Long Hours At Albany". The West Australian. Perth: National Library of Australia. 26 February 1952. p. 9. Retrieved 30 June 2012.
  4. ^ Platell, N. E. (Noel Edward); Western Australia. Government Chemical Laboratories (1978), Water quality monitoring survey of Princess Royal Harbour, Albany, Govt. Chemical Laboratories, ISBN 978-0-7244-7912-2
  5. ^ Atkins, R. P., 1951-; Western Australia. Department of Conservation and Environment; Western Australia; Atkins, R (1980), A Technical report on the water quality of Princess Royal Harbour, Albany, Dept. of Conservation and Environment, ISBN 978-0-7244-8453-9
  6. ^ Princess Royal Harbour : summary of technical report on the water quality of Princess Royal Harbour, Albany, Dept. of Conservation & Environment, 1980, retrieved 1 May 2016
  7. ^ Gordon, David Mackintosh; Western Australia. Department of Environmental Protection (1994), Changes to the structure and productivity of a Posidonia sinuosa seagrass meadow in Princess Royal Harbour, Western Australia, during and after imposed shading, Dept. of Environmental Protection, ISBN 978-0-7309-4685-4
  8. ^ "Drama of... the convoys". The Argus. Melbourne: National Library of Australia. 24 April 1937. p. 30 Supplement: Week-End Magazine. Retrieved 30 June 2012.
  9. ^ "Services Tattoo". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 6 April 1938. p. 23. Retrieved 30 June 2012.
  10. ^ "Atatürk Channel". Anzac Albany. Retrieved 13 June 2016.
  11. ^ "PM salutes Turks for generosity to Anzacs". The Canberra Times. 64, (20, 100). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 24 April 1990. p. 3. Retrieved 13 June 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  12. ^ "Quaranup and Ataturk Entrance from King Point". 1994. Retrieved 13 June 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  13. ^ "Ataturk Entrance". visitalbany.com. Retrieved 13 June 2016.

External links[edit]

Media related to Princess Royal Harbour at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 35°03′27″S 117°53′46″E / 35.0575°S 117.8960°E / -35.0575; 117.8960