Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia

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Sophia Dorothea of Prussia
Margravine of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Sophie von Preußen mit ihrem Gemahl Markgraf Friedrich Wilhelm von Brandenburg-Schwedt (Pesne).jpg
Princess Sophia Dorothea with her husband Frederick William, by Antoine Pesne
Born (1719-01-25)25 January 1719
Died 13 November 1765(1765-11-13) (aged 46)
Spouse Frederick William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Issue Sophia Dorothea, Duchess of Württemberg
Elisabeth Louise, Princess Augustus Ferdinand of Prussia
Prince George Philip of Prussia
Philippine, Landgravine of Hesse-Cassel
Full name
German: Sophia Dorothea Marie
House Hohenzollern
Father Frederick William I of Prussia
Mother Sophia Dorothea of Hanover
Prussian royalty
House of Hohenzollern
Wappen Deutsches Reich - Königreich Preussen (Grosses).png
Frederick William I
Prince Frederick Louis
Wilhelmine, Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
Prince Friedrich William
Princess Charlotte Albertine
Frederick II
Friederike Luise, Margravine of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Philippine Charlotte, Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Prince Ludwig Karl Wilhelm
Sophia Dorothea, Margravine of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Louisa Ulrika, Queen of Sweden
Prince Augustus William
Anna Amalie, Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg
Prince Henry
Prince Augustus Ferdinand

Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia (German: Sophia Dorothea Marie von Preußen) (25 January 1719 – 13 November 1765) was the ninth child and fifth daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover. By marriage, she was a Margravine of Brandenburg-Schwedt.


Marriage and children[edit]

On 10 November 1734 in Potsdam, Sophia Dorothea married her Hohenzollern kinsman Frederick William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt, son of Philip William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt, and Princess Johanna Charlotte of Anhalt-Dessau, daughter of John George II, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau. They had five children:

Frederick William was 19 years older than the princess and he was called the "mad Margrave" because of his pranks and rude manners. Their relationship was not happy, and eventually they lived in separate places: Sophie lived in the castle Montplaisir near the residence, and the Margrave lived in the castle of Schwedt. She did not, reportedly, have the same spiritual interests of her sisters. The Margraviate of Schwedt was only a small holding, but enjoyed a prosperous economy due to immigrant Huguenots.



Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia
Born: 25 January 1719 Died: 10 November 1765
German nobility
Title last held by
Johanna Charlotte of Anhalt-Dessau
Margravine of Brandenburg-Schwedt
25 January 1699 - 19 December 1711
Title next held by
Leopoldine Marie of Anhalt-Dessau