Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom
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6 July 1868|
Marlborough House, London
|Died||3 December 1935
|Burial||7 December 1935
St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle and later Royal Burial Ground, Frogmore
|House||Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
|Mother||Alexandra of Denmark|
|House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha|
The Princess Victoria (Victoria Alexandra Olga Mary; 6 July 1868 – 3 December 1935), also called "Toria", was a member of the British Royal Family, the fourth child and second daughter of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra; the younger sister of King George V. Until 1901 she was officially known as Princess Victoria of Wales.
Princess Victoria was born on 6 July 1868 at Marlborough House, London. Her father was Prince Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII), the eldest son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. Her mother was Alexandra, Princess of Wales (née Princess Alexandra of Denmark), the eldest daughter of King Christian IX and Queen Louise of Denmark. As the granddaughter of the British monarch, in the male line, she was styled Her Royal Highness Princess Victoria of Wales. She was known to her family as Toria.
She was christened at Marlborough House on 6 August 1868 by Archibald Campbell Tait, Bishop of London, and her godparents were: her paternal grandmother Queen Victoria (for whom the Duchess of Cambridge stood proxy), Tsar Alexander II of Russia (for whom the Russian ambassador Philipp, Count Brunnow, stood proxy), the Tsarevich of Russia (her maternal uncle-by-marriage), Prince Arthur (her paternal uncle), Prince Louis of Hesse and by Rhine (her paternal uncle-by-marriage), Prince George of Hesse-Cassel (her maternal great-granduncle), her maternal aunt-by-marriage, Queen Olga of Greece (for whom the Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz stood proxy), the Dowager Queen of Denmark, the Dowager Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, the Queen's cousin Princess Francis of Teck and Princess Frederick of Anhalt.
Princess Victoria was educated at home by tutors and spent her childhood at Marlborough House and Sandringham. The Princess was particularly close to her brother, George, the future King-Emperor George V .
With her sisters, she was a bridesmaid at the wedding in 1885 of their paternal aunt Princess Beatrice to Prince Henry of Battenberg. She was a bridesmaid at the wedding of the Duke and Duchess of York (future King George V and Queen Mary) on 6 July 1893.
Although she had a number of suitors, the most famous of them being King Carlos I of Portugal, Princess Victoria never married and had no children. Her mother, Alexandra, is believed to have actively discouraged her from marrying. Instead she remained a companion to her parents, particularly her mother, with whom she lived until Queen Alexandra's death in 1925. The Princess then set up her own home at Coppins, Iver, in Buckinghamshire. She took a particular interest in the village life, becoming honorary president of the Iver Horticultural Society.
Princess Victoria died at home on 3 December 1935. Her funeral took place on 7 December 1935 at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, where she was initially buried. Her remains were later moved and reburied at the Royal Burial Ground, Frogmore, Windsor Great Park on 8 January 1936. Her death greatly affected King George, who died one month later.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 6 July 1868 – 22 January 1901: Her Royal Highness Princess Victoria of Wales
- 22 January 1901 – 3 December 1935: Her Royal Highness The Princess Victoria
- Imperial Order of the Crown of India, 6 August 1887
- Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem
- Member First Class of the Royal Order of Victoria and Albert
- Member First Class of the Royal Family Order of King Edward VII
- Member First Class of the Royal Family Order of King George V
Upon her younger sister's marriage in 1896, Princess Victoria was awarded a personal coat of arms, being the arms of the kingdom, bearing an inescutcheon of the shield of Saxony and differenced with a label argent of five points, the first, third and fifth bearing roses gules, and the second and fourth crosses gules. The inescutcheon was dropped by royal warrant in 1917.
- "Princess Victoria, His Majesty's Sister, A Quiet Home Life," The Times, 4 December 1935, p. 18, column A.
- Ronald Allison and Sarah Ridell, The Royal Encyclopedia (London: Macmillan, 1992).
- Dimond, Frances (2008). "Princess Victoria". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 2008-06-28.
- NPG: Prince and Princess Henry of Battenberg with their bridesmaids and others on their wedding day http://www.npg.og.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw145863/Prince-and-Princess-Henry-of-Battenberg-with-their-bridesmaids-and-others-on-their-wedding-day?LinkID=mp89748&role=art&rNo=2
- "'The Duke and Duchess of York and Bridesmaids'". National Portrait Gallery.
- Heraldica – British Royal Cadency