Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment

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Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment
Pwrr cap badge.jpg
Cap Badge of the Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment
Active 9 September 1992 – present
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Branch  British Army
Type Line Infantry
Role 1st Battalion — Armoured Infantry
2nd Battalion — Light Infantry
3rd Battalion — Army Reserve
Size Three battalions
Part of Queen's Division
Garrison/HQ RHQ - HM Tower of London
1st Battalion - Paderborn, Germany
2nd Battalion - Cyprus
3rd Battalion - Canterbury
Motto "Honi soit qui mal y pense" "Shame on him who thinks ill of it" [1]
March Quick - The Farmer's Boy/Soldiers of the Queen
Slow - The Minden Rose
Commanders
Colonel in Chief HM Queen Margrethe II of Denmark
Colonel of
the Regiment
Brigadier Richard William Dennis OBE [2][3]
Insignia
Tactical recognition flash PWRR TRF.svg
Arm badge Tiger
From Royal Hampshire Regiment
Abbreviation PWRR
PWRR March

The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment (or PWRR, also known as 'the Tigers') is the senior English line infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Queen's Division, and second only in line infantry order of precedence to the Royal Regiment of Scotland.

History[edit]

The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment was formed on 9 September 1992 by the amalgamation of the Queen's Regiment and the Royal Hampshire Regiment and holds the earliest battle honour in the British Army (Tangier 1662–80).[4] Through its ancestry via the Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) (2nd Regiment of Foot), the PWRR is the most senior English line infantry regiment. The current regiment was named in honour of Diana, Princess of Wales.

The regiment was formed to act as the county regiment for the following areas:

Upon its creation, HRH The Princess of Wales and HM The Queen of Denmark were Allied Colonels-in-Chief of the PWRR. When the Princess divorced HRH The Prince of Wales, she resigned as Colonel-in-chief and the Queen of Denmark has remained its Colonel-in-Chief since.

The regimental headquarters (RHQ) is at the Tower of London, whilst the regiment itself comprises three battalions:

There is also a single Army Reserve company, B (Queen's) Company of the London Regiment.

Structure and postings[edit]

The 1st Battalion served a seven-month tour of Iraq in 2004 with a second tour following in 2006, and finally a tour in 2009 where the battalion was split between Afghanistan and Iraq (last combat operation in Iraq). Many of the operations carried out by the battalion during the first tour were named after stations on the London Underground.[5] Elements of 1 PWRR helped train the Iraqi National Army and oversaw the withdrawal of UK Forces from Basra.[6] 1st Battalion was deployed to Afghanistan again in August 2011 to form the nucleus of the Police Mentoring Advisory Group (PMAG) with individual companies detached to other Battlegroups around Helmand province.[7] The 1st Battalion under Army 2020 will move from Paderborn, Germany to be stationed at Bulford Camp.[8][9][10]

The regiment's 2nd Battalion were based in Ballykelly, Northern Ireland, the last resident battalion deployed in this role under Operation Banner. After two years at Alexandria Barracks in Dhekelia in Cyprus, they moved to Woolwich Garrison, London, to take up a Public Duties role in August 2010, a role they performed for three years.[11] 2nd Battalion deployed to Cyprus again in 2014.[12] It will be one of the infantry units rotating between the UK and British Forces Cyprus.[13]

Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment Museum[edit]

The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment Museum is located in Dover Castle, Dover, Kent. Exhibits trace the regiment's history, and include displays of photographs, paintings, weapons, badges, medals, uniforms and regimental regalia.[14]

Victoria Cross and other decorations[edit]

The regiment as a whole has attained fifty-seven Victoria Cross awards making it the British Army's most decorated Regiment.

21st century[edit]

A total of thirty-seven medals and awards were awarded to the regiments 1st Battalion for their service during operations in Iraq in 2004, including a Victoria Cross, two Distinguished Service Orders, two Conspicuous Gallantry Cross, one Member of the Order of the British Empire for gallantry, ten Military Crosses, and seventeen were Mentioned in Despatches, making the regiment the most highly decorated serving regiment in the British Army at that time.[5]

Private Johnson Beharry of the 1st Battalion, PWRR was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions during his unit's deployment to Al-Amarah, near Basrah, Whilst operating out of CIMIC House. Beharry Was Promoted from Corporal to Sergeant in early 2013.[15]

Whilst attached to the 1st Battalion, Michelle Norris of the Royal Army Medical Corps became the first woman to be awarded the Military Cross following her actions on 11 June 2006.[16]

Battle honours[edit]

PWRR tiger badge
  • 1. also emblazoned:
    • The Naval Crown superscribed "1st June 1794" - from the Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey)
    • The Sphinx superscribed "Egypt" - from the Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) & Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment
    • The Royal Tiger superscribed "India" - from the Royal Hampshire Regiment

Order of precedence[edit]

Preceded by
Royal Regiment of Scotland
Infantry Order of Precedence Succeeded by
Duke of Lancaster's Regiment

Lineage[edit]

Lineage
Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment Queen's Regiment Queen's Royal Surrey Regiment Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) (2nd (The Queen's Royal) Regiment of Foot)
East Surrey Regiment 31st (Huntingdonshire) Regiment of Foot
70th (Surrey) Regiment of Foot
Queen's Own Buffs, The Royal Kent Regiment The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) (3rd Regiment of Foot)
Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment 50th (Queen's Own) Regiment of Foot
97th (Earl of Ulster's) Regiment of Foot
Royal Sussex Regiment 35th (Royal Sussex) Regiment of Foot
107th Regiment of Foot (Bengal Light Infantry)
Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own) 57th (West Middlesex) Regiment of Foot
77th (East Middlesex) Regiment of Foot
Royal Hampshire Regiment 37th (North Hampshire) Regiment of Foot
67th (South Hampshire) Regiment of Foot

Alliances[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About PWRR | 136ACF.com - PWRR Detachment based at Wimbledon College". 136acf.wordpress.com. 2014-02-12. Retrieved 2014-04-20. 
  2. ^ Colonel of the Regiment—Brigadier Richard Dennis OBE, British Army website
  3. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 59382. p. 5833. 6 April 2010. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
  4. ^ "The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Sniper One by Sgt Dan Mills, August 2007 ISBN 978-0-7181-4994-9
  6. ^ "British soldier killed in Basra shooting". The Telegraph. 12 February 2009. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  7. ^ "Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment sees Afghan Police progress". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  8. ^ Regular Army basing
  9. ^ Basing plan, page 3
  10. ^ Army 2020 Update, page 7
  11. ^ "2 PWRR soldiers step down from ceremonial duties". Ministry of Defence. 
  12. ^ "Meeting The Princess of Wales’ Royal Regiment in Cyprus". Sussex Life. 15 December 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2015. 
  13. ^ Army 2020 Update, page 9
  14. ^ "Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment Museum Tour". Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  15. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 57587. pp. 3369–3370. 18 March 2005. Retrieved 2007-12-17.
  16. ^ Bunyan, Nigel (2007-03-22). "Big day for 5ft Army medic who won MC". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2007-03-22. 

External links[edit]