Principality of Leyen

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Principality of Leyen
Fürstentum Leyen
Puppet state of the First French Empire
Member of the Confederation of the Rhine
County of Adendorf
1806–1814
Flag Coat of arms
The Principality of Leyen, shown within the Grand Duchy of Baden
Capital Hohengeroldseck
Government Principality
Prince Philip Francis
Historical era Napoleonic Wars
 -  County of Adendorf
    raised to principality
  1806
 -  Mediatised to Austria
    by Congress of Vienna
  1814
 -  Granted to Baden 1819

The Principality of Leyen was a Napoleonic German state which existed 1806–14 in Hohengeroldseck, in the west of modern Baden-Württemberg. The House of Leyen had acquired many districts in western Germany, and eventually these were inherited by the Leyen line of counts at Adendorf. In 1797, France defeated the Holy Roman Empire and all lands west of the Rhine were lost. Following the defeat of Austria in 1806, Count Philip Francis of Adendorf was raised to a Prince, and his lands were renamed to the 'Principality of Leyen'. The territory formed an enclave surrounded by Baden. Prince Philip Francis, like many other members of the Confederation of the Rhine became largely a French puppet, so following Napoleon's defeat at the Battle of Leipzig in 1813, the Congress of Vienna opted to mediatise his realm and give it to Austria. In 1819, Austria traded it to Baden.

Prince of Leyen[edit]

Map of the Grand Duchy of Baden, showing the Principality of Leyen in grey, mid-left