Principality of Pereyaslavl

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Principality of Pereyaslavl
Переяславське князівство (Ukrainian)
Principality of Kievan Rus'
988–1239/1323


Coat of arms

Map of the Kievan Rus' with the Principality of Pereyaslavl in purple
Capital Pereyaslavl
Languages Official language:
Old East Slavic
Religion Official religion:
Orthodox
Government monarchy
Prince of Pereyaslavl
 •  988–1010 Yaroslav I the Wise (first)
 •  1206–1239 Vladimir IV Rurikovich (last)
History
 •  Established 988
 •  Disestablished 1239/1323
Currency Grivna
Today part of
Principalities of Kievan Rus' (1054-1132)
Part of a series on the
History of Ukraine
Coat of arms of Ukraine
Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine portal

The Principality of Pereyaslavl (Ukrainian: Переяславське князівство) was a regional principality of Kievan Rus' from the end of 9th century until 1323, based in the city of Pereyaslavl (now Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi) on the Trubizh River.[1]

Siting[edit]

The Principality of Pereyaslavl was usually administrated by younger sons of the Grand Prince of Kiev. It stretched over the extensive territory from the left banks of the middle Dnieper river on the west to its eastern frontier that laid not far west from the Seversky Donets, where the legendary Cuman city of Sharuk(h)an was presumably situated.

History[edit]

The Russian Primary Chronicle dates the foundation of the city of Pereyaslavl' to 992; the archaeological evidence suggests it was founded not long after this date.[2] In its early days Pereyaslavl' was one of the important cities in Kievan Rus' behind the Principality of Chernigov and Kiev. The city was located at a ford where Vladimir the Great fought a battle against the nomad Pechenegs.[3]

The principality can be traced as a semi-independent dominion from the inheritance of the sons of Yaroslav the Wise, with Svyatoslav receiving Chernigov, Vsevolod getting Pereyaslavl, Smolensk going to Vyacheslav, and Vladimir-in-Volhynia going to Igor.[4] The Primary Chronicle records that in 988 Vladimir assigned the northern lands (later associated with Pereyaslavl) to Yaroslav.[5]

Pereyaslavl was destroyed by the Mongols in March 1239, the first Rus' city to fall in the Mongol invasion of Rus'.[6]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Martin, Medieval Russia, p. 4.
  2. ^ Franklin & Shepard, Emergence, p. 107.
  3. ^ Franklin & Shepard, Emergence, p. 173.
  4. ^ Martin, Medieval Russia, p. 26.
  5. ^ Martin, Medieval Russia, p. 38.
  6. ^ Martin, Medieval Russia, p. 139.

References[edit]

  • Franklin, Simon; Shepard, Jonathan (1996), The Emergence of Rus, 750-1200, Longman History of Russia, London & New York: Longman, ISBN 0-582-49091-X 
  • Martin, Janet (1995), Medieval Russia, 970-1584, Cambridge Medieval Textbooks, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-36832-4 

External links[edit]