Principality of Seborga

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Principality of Seborga
Principato di Seborga
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Sub Umbra Sedi
I sat in the Shade
Anthem: La Speranza[1]
Status Current
Capital Seborga
Official languages Italian, Ligurian
Demonym Seborgan
Government Constitutional elective monarchy
 -  Prince Marcello I
(April 25, 2009 - )[2]
Establishment
 -  Traditional 954 
 -  Declared 1996 
Area
 -  Total 14 km2
5 sq mi
Membership 320
Currency Luigino
Prince of Seborga
Coat of Arms of the Principality of Seborga.png
Incumbent
Marcello I

since April 25th, 2009
Style His Serene Highness
Residence Seborga
Nominator The People of Seborga
Term length 7 years
Inaugural holder Refounded (1963): Giorgio Carbone
Formation 1079
1963
Website principatodiseborga.com

The Principality of Seborga is 14 km2 located in the northwestern Italian Province of Imperia in Liguria, near the French border, and about 35km (23mi) from Monaco.[3] The principality is in coexistence with, and claims the territory of, the town of Seborga.

History[edit]

In arguing for the founding of Seborga in 1963, a Seborgan named Giorgio Carbone claimed, based on documents held at the Vatican,[citation needed] that during the Middle Ages the town had become part of the feudal holdings of the Counts of Ventimiglia. He insisted that in the year 954 Seborga became the property of the Benedictine Monks of Santo Onorato of Lerins and in 1079 the Abbot of this monastery was made a Prince of the Holy Roman Empire, with temporal authority over the Principality of Seborga.[4]

On 20 January 1729, this independent principality was sold to the Savoy dynasty and became a protectorate of theirs. In 1815 the Congress of Vienna overlooked Seborga in its redistribution of European territories after the Napoleonic Wars, and there is no mention of Seborga in the Act of Unification for the Kingdom of Italy in 1861.

The argument for Seborga's present-day status as an independent state is based on the claim that the 1729 sale was never registered by its new owners, resulting in the principality falling into what has been described as a legal twilight zone.

Government[edit]

Monarch[edit]

In the early 1960s, Giorgio Carbone, began promoting the idea that Seborga restore its historic independence as a principality.[5] By 1963 the people of Seborga were sufficiently convinced of these arguments to elect Carbone as their Head of State. He then assumed the style and title His Serene Highness Giorgio I, Prince of Seborga, which he held until his death in 2009.

Carbone's status as Prince was confirmed on 23 April 1995, when Seborgans voted 304 in favour, 4 against, for the Principality's constitution and in favour of independence from Italy.[6] Prince Giorgio I reigned until his death on 25 November 2009.[4]

His successor Marcello Menegatto was elected on April 25, 2009 and crowned on May 22, 2009.[7]

Title Given name Reign began Reign ended
Prince Giorgio I Giorgio Carbone 14 May 1963 25 November 2008
Prince Marcello I Marcello Menegatto 25 April 2009[2][8] reigning monarch
The former Government Palace, used until 2009.

Claimant[edit]

In June 2006 a minor controversy arose when a woman calling herself "Princess Yasmine von Hohenstaufen Anjou Plantagenet", who claimed to be the rightful heir to the throne of Seborga, wrote to Italy's president offering to return the principality to the state.[9] Her claim was contested by the then-prince, Giorgio I (Giorgio Carbone), who asserted that there were no credible sources supporting her,[10] and said:

“Pah! No one’s ever even seen her as far as I know. I call her the ‘internet princess’.”

Economy[edit]

15c Seborgan coin

A local currency, the luigino, was issued from 1994 to 1996.[11] The luigino is accepted inside the city as a sort of voucher (along with the legal currency, the euro, and before that the Italian lira); it has no legal value. The total value of luigini issued is not known.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Bandiera, stemma, inno Principality of Seborga (www.principatodiseborga.com). Retrieved on 2015-06-01.
  2. ^ a b Squires, Nick (27 April 2010). "Tiny Italian principality announces new monarch called 'His Tremendousness'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 18 June 2010. 
  3. ^ "Self-Proclaimed Micronations", WorldStatesmen.org
  4. ^ a b "His Tremendousness Giorgio Carbone" (Obituary) The Telegraph, November 27, 2009
  5. ^ "Prince of Seborga fights on for 362 subjects", Italy Magazine, 15 June 2006
  6. ^ Caitlin Moran,"Noel Gallagher is my choice for monarch", The Times, January 30, 2006
  7. ^ Seborga Times, Article "Seborga will crown his new elected Prince: Menegatto I"
  8. ^ "The King of Nylon: 'kingdom' of Seborga ruled by hosiery heir". The Metro (London). 28 April 2010. Retrieved 18 June 2010. 
  9. ^ Malcolm Moore,"Battle rages for His Tremendousness's throne", Daily Telegraph, 13 June 2006
  10. ^ "Prince of Seborga fights on for 362 subjects", Italy Magazine, 15 June 2006
  11. ^ "Seborga (Principality of) - Coins of Seborga", The Imperial Collection

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°49′33″N 7°41′40″E / 43.8259°N 7.6944°E / 43.8259; 7.6944