Principe seedeater

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Príncipe seedeater
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Fringillidae
Subfamily: Carduelinae
Genus: Crithagra
Species: C. rufobrunneus
Binomial name
Crithagra rufobrunneus
(G.R. Gray, 1862)

Serinus rufobrunneus

The Príncipe seedeater (Crithagra rufobrunneus) is a species of finch in the Fringillidae family. It is found only on the islands of Sao Tomé and Príncipe (including the small islet of Boné de Jóquei) off the west coast of Africa. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

The Príncipe seedeater was formerly placed in the genus Serinus but phylogenetic analysis using mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences found that the genus was polyphyletic.[2] The genus was therefore split and a number of species including the Príncipe seedeater were moved to the resurrected genus Crithagra.[3][4]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Crithagra rufobrunneus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ Zuccon, Dario; Prŷs-Jones, Robert; Rasmussen, Pamela C.; Ericson, Per G.P. (2012). "The phylogenetic relationships and generic limits of finches (Fringillidae)" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 62 (2): 581–596. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.10.002. PMID 22023825.
  3. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Finches, euphonias". World Bird List Version 5.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
  4. ^ Swainson, William (1827). "On several forms in ornithology not hitherto defined". Zoological Journal. 3: 348.

Further reading[edit]

  • Christy, P. & Clarke, W. V. (1998). Guide des oiseaux de São Tomé et Príncipe (Guide to the Birds of São Tomé and Príncipe). Libreville, Ecofac, 106 pages
  • Jones, P. J. & Tye, A. (2006). The Birds of São Tomé and Príncipe with Annobón, islands of the Gulf of Guinea. British Ornithologists’ Union, Oxford, 192 pages
  • Melo, M. (2007). Bird speciation in the Gulf of Guinea. PhD, School of Biological Sciences, Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh.
  • Naurois, de, R. (1975). Les Carduelinae des îles de São Tomé et Príncipe (Golfe de Guinée) (Carduelinae in the Islands of São Tomé and Príncipe (Gulf of Guinea)). Ardeola 21 : 903-931.