Prinsep Street Presbyterian Church

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Prinsep Street
Presbyterian Church
Prinsep Street Presbyterian Church2A, Oct 7 2018.jpg
View of church from Prinsep Street
Prinsep Street Presbyterian Church is located in Singapore
Prinsep Street Presbyterian Church
Prinsep Street
Presbyterian Church
1°18′06.1″N 103°51′07.3″E / 1.301694°N 103.852028°E / 1.301694; 103.852028Coordinates: 1°18′06.1″N 103°51′07.3″E / 1.301694°N 103.852028°E / 1.301694; 103.852028
Location77 Prinsep Street
Singapore 188649
Country Singapore
DenominationPresbyterian
Websitewww.pspc.org.sg
History
Former name(s)
  • Malay Chapel
  • Prinsep Street Church
  • Straits Chinese Presbyterian Church
Founded1843
Founder(s)Rev. Benjamin P. Keasberry
Architecture
Heritage designationNational Monument of Singapore [1]
Designated12 January 2000
Architect(s)Swan and Maclaren
StyleRomanesque
Administration
SynodPresbyterian Church in Singapore
Clergy
Senior pastor(s)Rev. Darryl Chan
Designated12 January 2000

The Prinsep Street Presbyterian Church (Chinese: 布连拾街长老会磐石堂) is located on Prinsep Street within the Central Area of Singapore's central business district. It is approximately 350 metres from Rochor MRT Station. [2]

The church was founded by Reverend Benjamin Peach Keasberry in 1843. It was previously known as the Malay Chapel. In 1930, the chapel was replaced with the present Romanesque-style building. It was gazetted a national monument by the National Heritage Board on 12 January 2000. [3]

History[edit]

In 1839, a Presbyterian minister of the London Missionary Society, Reverend Benjamin Peach Keasberry (1811-1875), started an elite boarding school for Malay boys in Rochor, with an attached printing press. Some of his pupils were thought to have been of royal descent.

In 1843, Rev. Keasberry was able to raise sufficient funds to build a small chapel on Princep Street for outreach to the Malays.

The church was first named the Malay Chapel in recognition of the reverend's contribution to the Malay community. It was also known as Greja Keasberry or Keasberry's Church. The missionary Samuel Dyer preached the first sermon at the Malay Chapel in 1843.[4]

The architectural features of the church are its distinctive red brick façade and the raised brickwork on the tower and belfry.

In 1847, shortly after the inauguration of the church, the London Missionary Society left Singapore for China, leaving Keasberry to carry the torch alone. This he did stoically, until his death on 6 September 1875. To honour him, an engraved stone plaque was placed on his grave in Bukit Timah by his former student Maharajah Abu Bakar of Johore.

In 1885, the Presbyterian community, funded by Singaporean merchants living in London, bought the building from the London Missionary Society. It was renamed Prinsep Street Church. As the purchase was initiated by Reverend J.A.B. Cook, the missionary in charge of the English Presbyterian Church, Prinsep Street Church now came under its administration.

The Straits Chinese congregation held services at the church, as did the Teochew Tek Kha Group or Kandang Kerbau Market Group, and the pupils of Sophia Cooke's Chinese Girls' School. The Tek Kha Group established their headquarters at Prinsep Street Church and remained there until 1929 when their own church building which is also on Prinsep Street (diagonally oppopsite) and now known as Singapore Life Church, was ready.

As early as 1901, plans were made for a new church. On 5 March 1930, Song Ong Siang, who later became the first Malayan Chinese to be knighted, laid the foundation stone. The church was officially opened and dedicated on 4 February 1931.

The church's foundation stone.

In November 1931, upon joining the Synod of the English Presbytery, Prinsep Street Church was eligible to include "Presbyterian" in its name. Thus, the Straits Chinese Presbyterian Church was born.

THE HARD CHOICE
The British became the protector of the Muslim faith when the Straits Settlement became a British Protectorate in 1867. If the Malays converted to Christianity, they couldn’t identify as being of the Malay race.

The Straits Times, 8 June 2017. [5]

By the early 20th century, the area around the church became densely populated. This led Scotsman James Milner Fraser to start the 1st Company of the Singapore Boys’ Brigade in the church. Its formation in 1930 led to a large number of young people joining the church. In 1950, the 7th Girls' Brigade Company was formed in the church, drawing the students from the Singapore Chinese Girls' School and the Convent of the Holy Infant Jesus (CHIJ) in Victoria Street.[6]

During the Japanese Occupation, the church was damaged by shrapnel and mortar shells. Reverend Gibson, who had been incarcerated by the Japanese during World War II, repaired the church upon his release in 1947.

In 1953, the first full-time local pastor, Reverend John J.K. Lu, was appointed. The post-war years saw a fall in the Straits Chinese congregation and the church was renamed Prinsep Street Presbyterian Church in 1956. Its non-Straits Chinese congregation grew rapidly and, in the mid-1980s, a four-storey building was erected to accommodate their needs.

In the 1960s, the Church operated a kindergarten in mornings.

The church was gazetted a national monument by the National Heritage Board of Singapore on 12 January 2000. [7][8]

Architecture[edit]

The Prinsep Street Presbyterian Church was designed by architect C.J. Stephens of Swan and Maclaren. Its notable features are the deep red bricks and raised brickwork on the tower and belfry.

At the front of the church, lightly modelled brickwork rises high in gable formation expressing the shape of the roof and culminating in a bell tower, now housing a loudspeaker. Buildings within the enclosure are all rendered and painted.

Sunday Services[edit]

SUNDAY SERVICES
TIME LANGUAGE VENUE
8.00 AM English Level 4, Multi-purpose hall
8.45 AM English Level 1, Sanctuary
11.00 AM English
Myanmar
Level 1, Sanctuary
Level 4, Multi-purpose hall
1.30 PM Filipino Level 2, Room 209
2.00 PM Mizo Level 4, Multi-purpose hall

The Prinsep Street Presbyterian Church conducts several multi-lingual services on Sunday. All services involve lay participation.

Apart from English, the church also holds services for Filipino and Myanmar worshippers, and is one of the few churches in Singapore to hold services in the Mizo language.

The Mizo are an ethnic group comprising several peoples native to north-eastern India, western Myanmar and eastern Bangladesh. Presently, between 30 and 40 Mizo, mostly foreign domestic workers, worship in a room on the upper level of the church. [9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Singapore's National Monuments" (PDF). Urban Redevelopment Authority. 2011.
  2. ^ "Prinsep Street Presbyterian Church, Google map". Google Inc. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  3. ^ "List of Singapore's National Monuments" (PDF). Urban Redevelopment Authority. 2011.
  4. ^ Buckley, Charles Burton. An Anecdotal History of Old Times in Singapore 1819-1867., 320-322
  5. ^ "174-year-old church keeps up with the times, The Straits Times, Thursday, 8 June 2017". p. B9.
  6. ^ "174-year-old church keeps up with the times, The Straits Times, Thursday, 8 June 2017". p. B9.
  7. ^ "List of Singapore's National Monuments" (PDF). Urban Redevelopment Authority. 2011.
  8. ^ "174-year-old church keeps up with the times, The Straits Times, Thursday, 8 June 2017". p. B9.
  9. ^ "174-year-old church keeps up with the times, The Straits Times, Thursday, 8 June 2017". p. B9.

Further reading[edit]

  • National Heritage Board (2002), Singapore's 100 Historic Places, Archipelago Press, ISBN 981-4068-23-3
  • Norman Edwards, Peter Keys (1996), Singapore - A Guide to Buildings, Streets, Places, Times Books International, ISBN 9971-65-231-5

News articles[edit]

External links[edit]