Pripyat

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Pripyat
При́п'ять
City of regional significance
Pripyat
Pripyat
Coat of arms of Pripyat
Coat of arms
Pripyat is located in Ukraine
Pripyat
Pripyat
Coordinates: 51°24′17″N 30°03′25″E / 51.40472°N 30.05694°E / 51.40472; 30.05694
Country  Ukraine
Oblast Kiev Oblast
Raion Chernobyl Raion (1923–1988)
Founded 4 February 1970
City rights 1979
Government
 • Administration State Agency of Ukraine on the Exclusion Zone Management
Elevation[1] 111 m (364 ft)
Population (2018)
 • Total

0

  (ca 49,360 in 1986)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code none (formerly 01196)
Area code(s) +380 4499[2]

Pripyat (Ukrainian: При́п'ять, translit. Pryp"jat' [ˈprɪpjɑtʲ] About this sound Pronunciation) is a ghost town in northern Ukraine, near the Ukraine-Belarus border.

Named after the nearby Pripyat River, Pripyat was founded on 4 February 1970, as the ninth nuclear city (a type of closed city) in the Soviet Union, to serve the nearby Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant.[3] It was officially proclaimed a city in 1979, and had grown to a population of 49,360[4] by the time it was evacuated, on the afternoon of 27 April 1986, the day after the Chernobyl disaster.[5]

Though Pripyat is located within the administrative district of Ivankiv Raion, the abandoned city now has the status of city of oblast significance within the larger Kiev Oblast (province), being administered directly from Kiev. Pripyat is also supervised by Ukraine's Ministry of Emergencies, which manages activities for the entire Chernobyl Exclusion Zone.

History[edit]

Background[edit]

Panoramic view of Pripyat in May 2009
View of the Chernobyl power plant including 2003 radioactive level of 763 microroentgens per hour

Access to Pripyat, unlike cities of military importance, was not restricted before the disaster as nuclear power stations were seen by the Soviet Union as safer than other types of power plants. Nuclear power stations were presented as being an achievement of Soviet engineering, where nuclear power was harnessed for peaceful projects. The slogan "peaceful atom" (Russian: мирный атом, translit. mirnyy atom) was popular during those times. The original plan had been to build the plant only 25 km (16 mi) from Kiev, but the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, among other bodies, expressed concern about it being too close to the city. As a result, the power station and Pripyat[6] were built at their current locations, about 100 km (62 mi) from Kiev. After the disaster the city of Pripyat was evacuated in two days.[7]

A panorama of Pripyat during summer. The abandoned Chernobyl power plant is visible in the distance, at top center.

Post-Chernobyl years[edit]

Pripyat Ferris wheel, as seen from the City Center Gymnasium
The Azure Swimming Pool was still in use by liquidators in 1996, a decade after the Chernobyl incident.
In 2009, over two decades after the Chernobyl incident, the Azure Swimming Pool shows decay after years of disuse.

In 1986 the city of Slavutych was constructed to replace Pripyat. After the city of Chernobyl, this is the second-largest city for accommodating power plant workers and scientists in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).

One notable landmark often featured in photographs of the city and visible from aerial-imaging websites is the long-abandoned Ferris wheel located in the Pripyat amusement park. The Azure Swimming Pool and Avanhard Stadium are two other popular tourist sites.

Infrastructure and statistics[edit]

Pripyat before the Chernobyl disaster

The following statistics are from January 1, 1986.[8]

  • Population: 49,400 before the disaster. The average age was about 26 years old. Total living space was 658,700 m2 (7,090,000 sq ft): 13,414 apartments in 160 apartment blocks, 18 halls of residence accommodating up to 7,621 single males or females, and 8 halls of residence for married or de facto couples.
  • Education: 75 primary schools for about 100,000 children, 19 secondary schools, 7 professional schools.
  • Healthcare: 1 hospital that could accommodate up to 410 patients, and 3 clinics.
  • Trade: 25 stores and malls; 27 cafes, cafeterias and restaurants could serve up to 5,535 customers simultaneously. 10 warehouses could hold 4,430 tons of goods.
  • Culture: 3 facilities: a culture palace, the Palace of Culture Energetik, a cinema and a school of arts, with 8 different societies.
  • Sports: 10 gyms, 3 indoor swimming-pools, 10 shooting galleries, 2 stadiums.
  • Recreation: 1 park, 35 playgrounds, 18,136 trees, 249,247 shrubs, 33,000 rose plants.
  • Industry: 4 factories with total annual turnover of 477,000,000 rubles. 1 nuclear power plant with 4 reactors.
  • Transportation: Yanov railway station, 167 urban buses, plus the nuclear power plant car park which had 400 spaces.
  • Telecommunication: 2,926 local phones managed by the Pripyat Phone Company, plus 1,950 phones owned by Chernobyl power station's administration, Jupiter plant and Department of Architecture and Urban Development.

Safety[edit]

The external relative gamma dose for a person in the open near the Chernobyl disaster site. The intermediate lived fission products like Cs-137 contribute nearly all of the gamma dose now after a number of decades have passed, see opposite.
The impact of the different isotopes on the radioactive contamination of the air soon after the accident. Drawn using data from the OECD report [1] and the second edition of 'The radiochemical manual'.

A natural concern is whether it is safe to visit Pripyat and the surroundings. The Zone of Alienation is considered relatively safe to visit, and several Ukrainian companies offer guided tours around the area.[9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16] At present, radiation levels have dropped considerably, compared to the fatal levels of April 1986, due to the decay of the short-lived isotopes released during the accident.[17] In most places within the city, the level of radiation does not exceed an equivalent dose of 1 μSv (one microsievert) per hour.[18]

In popular culture[edit]

Transport[edit]

The city was served by Yaniv station on the Chernihiv–Ovruch railway. It was an important passenger hub of the line and was located between the southern suburb of Pripyat and the village of Yaniv. An electric train terminus Semikhody, built in 1988 and located in front of the nuclear plant, is currently the only operating station near Pripyat connecting it to Slavutych.[32]

Personalities[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.floodmap.net/elevation/ElevationMap/?gi=696269
  2. ^ "City Phone Codes". Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  3. ^ Pripyat: Short Introduction Archived 2012-07-11 at Archive.is
  4. ^ "Chernobyl and Eastern Europe: My Journey to Chernobyl 6". Chernobylee.com. Archived from the original on 2013-10-15. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  5. ^ Pripyat – City of Ghosts
  6. ^ "History of the Pripyat city creation". Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  7. ^ Anastasia. "dirjournal.com". Info Blog. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  8. ^ Припять в цифрах ("Pripyat in Numbers"), a page from Pripyat website
  9. ^ Chernobyl Tour
  10. ^ Chernobyl Welcome
  11. ^ Chernobyl Tours by Solo East Travel
  12. ^ Tour Chernobyl
  13. ^ Lupine Travel - Chernobyl
  14. ^ Tour2Chernobyl
  15. ^ Tour2Kiev
  16. ^ Pripyat - Chernobyl Tour
  17. ^ Bugging In and Bugging Out
  18. ^ "Radiation levels". The Chernobyl Gallery. 
  19. ^ "Tchernobyl 30 ans après : au coeur de la zone interdite". L'Obs (in French). Retrieved 2017-10-02. 
  20. ^ "Littérature : "La Zone" de Markiyan Kamysh et "La Maison dans laquelle" de Mariam Petrosyan". France Culture (in French). Retrieved 2017-10-02. 
  21. ^ "Reportage dans la zone interdite de Tchernobyl". Les Inrocks (in French). Retrieved 2017-10-02. 
  22. ^ White Horse on IMDb
  23. ^ "DELIA". Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  24. ^ Chernobyl Diaries on IMDb
  25. ^ "Witness a Drone's Eye View of Chernobyl's Urban Decay". The Creators Project. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  26. ^ "من فوق.. كيف يبدو ما بقي من تشيرنوبل بعد 30 عاما من الكارثة النووية؟". CNN Arabic. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  27. ^ Johns, Matt (19 May 2014). "Pink Floyd release new Marooned video...and TDB20 countdown!". brain-damage.co.uk. Retrieved 17 June 2014. 
  28. ^ "Pink Floyd to Release 20th Anniversary Box Set of "The Division Bell"" (Press release). 20 May 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  29. ^ DJI (2015-08-14), DJI Stories – The Lost City of Chernobyl, retrieved 2016-03-24 
  30. ^ Wiseman, Andreas (4 August 2016). "The story behind 'The Girl With All The Gifts'". Screen International. Retrieved 13 September 2016. 
  31. ^ ""Atypical Games launches Radiation City"". 
  32. ^ "Radioactive Railroad". 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°24′20″N 30°03′25″E / 51.40556°N 30.05694°E / 51.40556; 30.05694