Pripyat River

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Pripyat River
The Pripyat River (02710031).jpg
Pripyat River
Bo-map.png
Map displaying the course of the river, flowing eastward through southern Belarus through the cities of Brest, Pinsk and Mazyr
Country Ukraine, Belarus
Physical characteristics
Main source Ukraine
River mouth Dnieper
Length 761 km (473 mi)
Discharge
  • Average rate:
    377 m3/s (13,300 cu ft/s)
Basin features
Basin size 121,000 km2 (47,000 sq mi)
Tributaries
Pripyat River at Mazyr, Belarus

The Pripyat River or Prypiat River (Ukrainian: Прип’ять Prypyat′, pronounced [ˈprɪpjɑtʲ]; Belarusian: Прыпяць Prypiać, [ˈprɨpʲat͡sʲ]; Polish: Prypeć, [ˈprɨpɛtɕ]; Russian: Припять Pripyat′, [ˈprʲipʲɪtʲ]) is a river in Eastern Europe, approximately 761 km (473 mi) long.[1] It flows east through Ukraine, Belarus, and Ukraine again, draining into the Dnieper.

Overview[edit]

The Pripyat passes through the exclusion zone established around the site of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. The city of Prypiat, Ukraine (population 45,000) was completely evacuated after the Chernobyl disaster.

Pripyat has catchment area of 121,000 km2 (47,000 sq mi), 50,900 km2 (19,700 sq mi) of which are in Belarus. 495 km (308 mi) of the whole river length lies within territory of Belarus.[1]

Location[edit]

Pripyat begins on the Volyn Hill, between the villages of Budnik and Horn Smolars of Lyubomlsky District. After 204 km downstream, it crosses the border of Belarus, where it flies 500 km along the lowland of the Poles in a weakly valued valley; in the area of Pinsky bogs flows in low boggy shores, split into sleeves, in the middle of the course sandy banks, the bank is unstable, in the lower one - in the course of increasing the number of rolls. The last 50 kilometers Pripyat flows again in Ukraine and flows several kilometers south of Chernobyl into the Kiev reservoir.

Geography[edit]

The length of the river is 775 kilometers. The area of ​​the pool is 114.3 thousand. km² The Pripyat valley in the upper reaches is weak, in the lower reaches it is clearer. The cave is developed all along, allocating two super-floodplain terraces. The width of the floodplain in the upper course of 2-4 km and more, in some years, is flooded for several months. In the lower reaches the width of the floodplain reaches 10-15 km. The channel in the upper canalized; below - winding, forms meanders, elders, many ducts (one of them is combined with the lake Nobel); there are sandy islands. The width of the river in the upper reaches is up to 40 m, on the average - 50-70 m, in the lower reaches 100 - predominantly 250 m, with the entrance to the Kiev reservoir - 4-5 km. The bottom is sandy and sandy-spruce. The slope of the river is 0.08 m / km


Name etymology[edit]

Max Vasmer in his etymological dictionary notes that the historical name of the river mentioned in the earliest East Slavic document, Primary Chronicle is Pripet (Припеть) and cites the opinion of other linguists that the name meant "tributary", comparing with Greek and Latin roots. He also rejects some opinions which were improperly based on the stem -пять, rather than original -петь.[2]

It might also derive from the local word pripech used for a river with sandy banks.[3]

See also[edit]

Books[edit]

  • (in Russian, English and Polish) Ye.N.Meshechko, A.A.Gorbatsky (2005) Belarusian Polesye: Tourist Transeuropean Water Mains, Minsk, Four Quarters,
  • (in Belorussian, Russian and English) T.A.Khvagina (2005) POLESYE from the Bug to the Ubort, Minsk Vysheysha shkola, ISBN 985-06-1153-7.

References[edit]

Pripyat is an article from the Great Soviet Encyclopedia. Pripyat // Dictionary of Contemporary Geographical Names / Rus. geogr. oh Moscow center; By common. Ed. acad. V. M. Kotlyakova. Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences. - Yekaterinburg: U-Factorium, 2006. Joint River Management Program. Final Report: River Pripyat Basin (February 2004)

  1. ^ a b "Main Geographic Characteristics of the Republic of Belarus. Main characteristics of the largest rivers of Belarus". Land of Ancestors. Data of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus. 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2013. 
  2. ^ Max Vasmer, Etymological dictionary of the Russian language, article "Припять" in Russian translation
  3. ^ Room, Adrian (1997). Placenames of the World. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Pripyat River at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 51°09′31″N 30°29′27″E / 51.15861°N 30.49083°E / 51.15861; 30.49083