Priscilla Warren Roberts
June 13, 1916
|Died||August 5, 2001 (aged 85)|
|Education||Art Students League of New York, National Academy of Design|
Priscilla Roberts (1916–2001) was an American artist known for her still life paintings. She employed a precise style in which fanciful objects were juxtaposed in a manner that was seen to approach surrealism and that was often called magic realist.[note 1] In 1960, a critic writing for Arts Magazine said, "There can hardly be any doubt that Priscilla Roberts is the most talented and accomplished Magic Realist in America."
Roberts was born in Glen Ridge, New Jersey, but spent most of her youth in New York City.[note 2] Her father, Charles Asaph Roberts, was a partner in the law firm of Cravath, Swaine & Moore and her mother, Mary Florence Berry Robert (known as Florence) kept house.[note 3] Her only sibling, Alice Parsons Roberts, was four years older. During a period when Roberts was kept at home to recover from a bout of acidosis, her mother made a scrapbook of Good Housekeeping advertisements to help keep her occupied and this, she later said, was the probable beginning of her ambition to become an artist.
In the mid-1930s Roberts attended Radcliffe College for one year and transferred to the Yale School of Art for part of the next. In 1937, she began study at the Art Students League, working under Charles Courtney Curran and Sidney Dickinson. Two years later she began study at the National Academy of Design, continuing there until 1943.
After completing study at the National Academy, Roberts found work as a commercial artist. An untitled painting showing a man with a broken plate (at left) shows her style in this manner. She discovered, however, that the pressure of working to deadlines did not suit her and consequently turned to fine art. Her self portrait of 1946, shown at right, was one of the first paintings she offered for sale in a commercial gallery. It has transitional style elements. The presence of a human figure (herself) and use of natural light are marks of her early style while the meticulous rendering of the stuffed birds and the heavy shadowing are marks of the mature style she adopted in later years.
In 1946 Roberts signed with an artists' cooperative, the Grand Central Art Galleries, then located on the sixth floor of Grand Central Terminal in Manhattan. When in 1948 she moved from an apartment in New York's Hell's Kitchen neighborhood to suburban Wilton, Connecticut, she continued her association with the Galleries and they remained the only commercial outlet of her work for the rest of her life. Her paintings were usually purchased as soon as she completed them. However, because she worked very slowly, taking a year or more to complete a single painting, her income remained low and for many years she was unable to assemble enough work to justify a solo exhibition. In 1981 she told a reporter, "I do everything slowly... A teacher told me in school...that drawing is the finest spiritual exercise. And it is."
Her mature style is indicated in the painting of 1950, shown at left, called "Lay Figure." It is similar to the 1946 self portrait in the presence of a draped figure and the predominance of shadow. However the work is a still life, not a portrait. The figure is a manikin clothed in an antique dress and it is surrounded by an odd assortment of objects that are themselves antiques.[note 4]
"Tintinabulum," of 1964, shown at right, is typical of Roberts' late work. It shows a female manikin head with a Gay Nineties hat along with the type of doorbell formerly used by shopkeepers to announce the entrance of a customer[note 5] As one source says, her mature paintings seem at first glance to be surreal but on closer observation show themselves to be hyper-realistic, both high in contrast and, on close inspection, revealing surprising details. After she had moved to Connecticut, Roberts would explore antique shops, flea markets, thrift stores, and yard sales to find unusual objects to use in her still lives. She became a familiar presence in Wilton Center and there acquired both supporters and friends, people whose help became an important factor in her life when the cottage where she lived was sold to developers and, because of her many pets, it was difficult for her to find a new place to live.[note 6] She was given her first solo exhibition at Grand Central Galleries in 1961 and a second twenty years later. In neither case did she attend the opening. Although she would personally deliver her paintings to the gallery[note 7] and was well known to its staff, she did not like to mix in the New York art world, saying, "I think the lower profile you keep the better for yourself and your work." Despite her low earnings and hardships she encountered in making a living as an artist she said her devotion to her work led her to lead "the happiest life there could be."[note 8]
She did not use the term magic realism to describe her work, but called her meticulous style "super-realism." She blacked out the windows of her studio and used precisely-controlled artificial light so that she could replicate the light exactly as she saw it, consistently over many hours at her easel. Most of her paintings were easel art, made in oil paint applied with brush on masonite board. Although the tone of her work was often somber, evoking the passage of time, she would also sometimes treat her subjects in a light and playful manner, juxtaposing objects so as to make visual puns.
Late in life, Roberts left Wilton for nearby Georgetown, Connecticut. The move brought her close to her sister, Alice, who had made her home there for many years.[note 9] Roberts died in Georgetown on August 5, 2001, and was buried in a family plot at Kensico Cemetery, Valhalla, New York.
Roberts was invited to exhibit at the 131st annual exhibition held by the National Academy of Design and the following year was made an Academy member. Her paintings are held in collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Smithsonian American Art Museum, the Dallas Museum of Art, The Butler Institute of American Art, the Canton Museum of Art (Ohio), the Walker Art Center, IBM Corp., and the Westmoreland Museum of American Art.
- Sources for these assertions: Wilton Bulletin (1 April 1981 and 16 August 2001), dartily blog (13 June 2017), Arts Magazine (1960), Smithsonian American Art Museum artist biography, Priscilla Roberts: Magic Realist (1981), Franklin Riehlman Fine Art.
- Roberts' parents lived in Manhattan before her birth and returned there when she was still young.
- Her father received his undergraduate (1902) and law (1906) degrees from Yale University. Her mother was a 1911 graduate of Mount Holyoke College.
- The dress had been made by the high-fashion House of Worth. Portrait artists used lay figures so that their sitters would not have to be present for much of the time the painting was made.
- Tintinnabula are small bells used in Catholic basilicas. Note that Roberts misspelled the title. It should be tintinnabulum not tintinabulum.
- A pet lover, she adopted stray cats and other animals, calculating that in the end she had provided home for more than 60 various pets.
- She used the local train bring her paintings from Wilton to Grand Central Terminal. Having learned that 30- by 36-inch frames were the largest she could bring by that means, she was careful to keep all of them that size or smaller.
- She added, "You feel very happy when you're painting. You feel something else working through you."
- Roberts and her sister had lived together in an apartment in Wilton Center during the 1950s and she may have been living with her again in the years before her death.
- Burt Kearns (1981-04-01). "Priscilla Roberts Plays With Reality". Wilton Bulletin. Wilton, Connecticut. p. 1.
I lead a life just devoted to what I'm doing. That's the happiest life there could be. There's nothing to compare with it.
- Rob Schweitzer (2001-08-16). "Priscilla Warren Roberts, Painter, Animal Lover, Dies at 85". Wilton Bulletin. Wilton, Connecticut. p. 1.
I am an arch-realist in my paintings, and I love super-realism. I had acidosis when I was little and my mother started a scrapbook for me of Good Housekeeping advertisements. I suppose that's when it started.
- "Happy Birthday: Priscilla Warren Roberts, Jun 13". dartily (blog). 2017-06-13. Retrieved 2019-01-08.
- "Priscilla Roberts". Arts Magazine. New York: Art Digest, Incorporated: 85. 1960. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
Priscilla Roberts: There can hardly be any doubt that Priscilla Roberts is the most talented and accomplished Magic Realist in America. But she has never had a one-man show, for the simple reason that she could never assemble enough new work for one. Now forty-five, she produces no more than one major painting a year (sometimes it takes two years), and it is snapped up before the paint is dry.
- "Priscilla Roberts". Smithsonian American Art Museum. Retrieved 2019-01-06.
Roberts was made a National Academician in 1957, and four years later her first solo exhibition took place at the Grand Central Art Galleries in New York. Roberts has been called a magic realist because of her often strange juxtapositions of precisely painted objects.
- Priscilla Roberts: Magic Realist [exhibition catalog]. Grand Central Art Galleries, Inc. 1981.
- "Franklin Riehlman Fine Art | Priscilla Roberts: Lay Figure". Franklin Riehlman Fine Art. Retrieved 2019-01-08.
- "Obituaries; Alice Parsons Roberts". Wilton Bulletin. Wilton, Connecticut. 2003-04-03. p. 2A.
- "Priscilla W Roberts". "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch; citing Immigration, New York, New York, United States, NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.). Retrieved 2019-01-06.
- "Charles A. Roberts". New York Times. 1964-06-02. p. 37.
Charles Asaph Roberts of 130 East 75th Street, a lawyer, died at St. Luke's Hospital on Sunday of a heart ailment. He was 84 years old. Mr. Roberts was an assistant United States attorney in 1908 after receiving his degree from the Yale Law School. His first wife, the former Florence Berry, died in 1947. Two years later he married V. May Russell, who survives, as do two daughters, Alice and Priscilla, both of Wilton, Conn.
- Mount Holyoke College (1911). General Catalogue of Officers & Students. Mount Holyoak College. p. 337.
graduates, class of 1901
- "Priscilla Warren Roberts". InCollect, 9 Fowle Street, Woburn, MA 01801. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
- "Franklin Riehlman Fine Art | Priscilla Roberts: Tintinabulum [sic]". Franklin Riehlman Fine Art. Retrieved 2019-01-08.
- "15 Godfrey Place [image caption]". Wilton Bulletin. Wilton, Connecticut. 1985-09-18. p. 16.
15 Godfrey Place is a tiny 1.7 acre parcel of land located behind the Wilton Library. Priscilla Roberts, who is a 35-year resident of Wilton, has lived in a two-bedroom cottage on the property since 1970. In July, the 69-year-old Miss Roberts was told to "quit" when the property the occupied was sold to four local developers for about $335,000.
- Linette Burton (1961-06-21). "Interview with Priscilla Roberts, an Artist Who Paints Still Lifes". Wilton Bulletin. Wilton, Connecticut. p. B2.
- "Franklin Riehlman Fine Art | Priscilla Roberts". Franklin Riehlman Fine Art. Retrieved 2019-01-08.
- University of Illinois Exhibition of Contemporary American Painting. University of Illinois Press. 1950. p. 25.
- "Jurors Pick Work by Priscilla Roberts for NAD Exhibition". Wilton Bulletin. Wilton, Connecticut. 1956-02-22. p. 3.
- Marian Warhofsky (1982-06-16). "Who's Who in Wilton". Wilton Bulletin. Wilton, Connecticut. p. 5.