Prison island

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A prison island is an island housing a prison. Islands have often been used as sites of prisons throughout history due to their natural isolation preventing escape.[1][2]

Prison islands by country[edit]

Croatia[edit]

France[edit]

Hong Kong[edit]

  • Tai A Chau
    • Tai A Chau Detention Centre, 1991–96
  • Hei Ling Chau
    • Hei Ling Chau Addiction Treatment Centre, 1975–present
    • Hei Ling Chau Correctional Institution, 1994–present
    • Lai Sun Correctional Institution, 1984–present
    • Nei Kwu Correctional Institution, 2002–present

Indonesia[edit]

  • Nusa Kambangan off the southern coast of Java is a notorious prison island, and contains a number of prisons.

Mainland China[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

  • Jerejak Island, location of the Jerejak Rehabilitation Centre from 1969 to 1993. Called the 'Alcatraz of Malaysia'.

Montenegro[edit]

Russia[edit]

South Africa[edit]

  • Robben Island, location of Robben Island Prison from 1961 to 1996. The Island was used to incarcerate political prisoners as early as the 17th Century, and later during the Xhosa Wars

Tanzania[edit]

  • Changuu, known as 'Prison Island'. Held rebellious slaves in 1860s.

Turkey[edit]

  • İmralı island, location of a prison since 1935.

United Kingdom/Republic of Ireland[edit]

United States[edit]

Australia[edit]

[3]

References[edit]