Prisons in Poland
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As of 2007, there were 85 prisons in Poland (zakłady karne). As of 31.12.2007, Polish prisons had the official capacity of 79213 and reported number of inmates at 87776. In 2011, there were 215 correctional institutions, including 70 institutions for pre-trial detainees, 87 prisons, 14 hospitals, and 44 other units.In February 2019, there were 74,352 (196 per 100,000) prisoners.10.7% were pre-trial detainees, 4.2% were female, .1% were minors, and 1.4% were foreign prisoners.
Prisons fall under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Poland, but are administered by Służba Więzienna (Polish: Prison Service) - Polish corrections officers. As of 2019, the head of the Prison Service is Director General Jacek Kitlinski.
The largest prison in Poland is the Wronki Prison.
Polish Prison Care
When entering the Polish Prison system, prisoners are sorted into three regimes: the program regime, the therapeutic regime, or the regular regime.The program regime submits prisoners to “structured activities,” whereas the therapeutic regime is meant to help prisoners with alcoholism, drug abuse, and mental illness.
Polish government appears to hold prisons back by “not understanding the problems faced by the prison system and prisons are low on the government’s list of priorities".One of the problems between 2002 and 2014 was overcrowding.Since 2014, the prisons are still at high capacity with occupancy above 90%.The “space per prisoner was often less than the stated minimum in their legislation," meaning that they were forced to place 3-5 prisoners into cells made for two.Overcrowding also leads to health problems, specifically hygiene and mental health as showers reach capacity and prison regime is limited.Drugs such as Cannabis, Cocaine, and Heroin have been reported in Polish prisons, but drugs involving needles are not believed to be a problem as needles have not been found.In an attempt to combat the problems found in Polish prisons, MacDonald states that they will be instituting methadone substitutions in two prisons to try and assist the 1000 addicts in prisons. However, the biggest problem when it comes to substance abuse in Poland is alcohol.19 prisons in Poland have programs instilled in them. "Prisoners in programs attend the project as part of their sentence. They undergo both individual and group therapy and live on the unit with five or three to a cell. They wear their own clothes and have to eat together. They are out of the cell from 6 a.m. until 6 p.m. There are 49 prisoners on the programme and it lasts for three months”.
- "Poland | World Prison Brief". www.prisonstudies.org. Retrieved 2019-04-24.
- Zybert, E (2011). "Prison libraries in Poland: partners in rehabilitation, culture, and education". Library Trends. 59: 409–426.
- MacDonald, M. (2001). Prison health care in the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland. European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control, affiliated with the United Nations.
- ‹See Tfd›(in Polish) Ogólnopolski Portal Służby Więziennej
- ‹See Tfd›(in Polish) MINISTERSTWO SPRAWIEDLIWOŚCI, CENTRALNY ZARZĄD SŁUŻBY WIĘZIENNEJ, INFORMACJA O WYKONYWANIU KARY POZBAWIENIA WOLNOŚCI I TYMCZASOWEGO ARESZTOWANIA za rok 2007[permanent dead link]
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