Pristimantis shrevei

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pristimantis shrevei
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Craugastoridae
Genus: Pristimantis
Species: P. shrevei
Binomial name
Pristimantis shrevei
(Schwartz, 1967)
Synonyms
  • Eleutherodactylus urichi shrevei Schwartz, 1967[2]
  • Eleutherodactylus shrevei Schwartz, 1967

Pristimantis shrevei is a species of craugastorid frog that is endemic to Saint Vincent, the West Indies.[3] Its common name is Saint Vincent frog.[4]

Etymology[edit]

The specific name, shrevei, is in honor of American herpetologist Benjamin Shreve.[2][5]

Geographic range and habitat[edit]

P. shrevei is endemic to Saint Vincent, an island in the Caribbean Lesser Antilles that is part of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.[3][4] Its natural habitats are rainforests forest edge, and montane meadows at elevations of 275–922 m (902–3,025 ft) above sea level. It lives both on the ground and on vegetation.[1]

Description[edit]

Males measure 20.8–23.4 mm (0.82–0.92 in) and females 23.5–34.2 mm (0.93–1.35 in) in snout–vent length. P. shrevei has a rich wood-brown to rich tan dorsum. There is a dark interocular bar bordering the snout; otherwise the dorsal patterning varies, some individuals are patternless whereas others have a broad dark brown scapular "W" and other patterns. The ventral surface is creamy. The sides are red, as are the undersides of both fore- and hindlimbs.[2]

The call is a two-note call, emitted from the leaves of trees and shrubs.[2]

Conservation status[edit]

P. shrevei is threatened by habitat loss caused by urbanization, tourism development, and agriculture.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Blair Hedges; Robert Powell (2004). "Pristimantis shrevei". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 14 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d Schwartz, Albert (1967). "Frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus in the Lesser Antilles". Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean Islands. 24 (91): 1–62.  (Eleutherodactylus urichi shrevei, new subspecies, p. 13)
  3. ^ a b Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Pristimantis shrevei (Schwartz, 1967)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 14 June 2015. 
  4. ^ a b S. Blair Hedges (2015). "Lesser Antilles". Caribherp: Amphibians and reptiles of Caribbean Islands. Retrieved 14 June 2015. 
  5. ^ Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M. 2013. The Eponym Dictionary of Amphibians. Exeter, England: Pelagic Publishing Ltd. 262 pp. ISBN 978-1-907807-41-1. (Pristimantis shrevei, p. 197).

Further reading[edit]

  • Kaiser H, Hardy JD Jr, Green DM. 1994. Taxonomic status of Caribbean and South American frogs currently ascribed to Eleutherodactylus urichi (Anura: Leptodactylidae). Copeia 1994: 780-796. (Eleutherodactylus shrevei).
  • Malhotra, Anita; Thorpe, Roger S. (1999), Reptiles & Amphibians of the Eastern Caribbean, London: Macmillan Education Ltd., pp. 99–100, ISBN 0-333-69141-5 .
  • Schwartz A, Thomas R. 1975. A Check-list of West Indian Amphibians and Reptiles. Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication No. 1. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Carnegie Museum of Natural History. 216 pp. (Eleutherodactylus urichi shrevei, p. 38).