Pritchardia

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Pritchardia
Pritchardia flowers.jpg
Pritchardia sp. flowers and fruit on two pendulous stalks
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Coryphoideae
Tribe: Trachycarpeae
Genus: Pritchardia
Seem. & H.Wendl.[1]
Synonyms[2][1]
Pritchardia palms

The genus Pritchardia (family Arecaceae) consists of between 24-40 species of fan palms (subfamily Coryphoideae) found on tropical Pacific Ocean islands in Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, Tuamotus, and most diversely in Hawaii.[2][3] The generic name honors William Thomas Pritchard (1829-1907), a British consul at Fiji.[4]

Description[edit]

These palms vary in height, ranging from 6 to 40 m (20 to 131 ft).[5] The leaves are fan-shaped (costapalmate) and the trunk columnar, naked, smooth or fibrous, longitudinally grooved, and obscurely ringed by leaf scars. The flowers and subsequent fruit are borne in a terminal cluster with simple or compound branches of an arcuate or pendulous inflorescence that (in some species) is longer than the leaves.

Species[edit]

There are 29 known species, of which 19 are endemic to the Hawaiian Islands, with the remainder on other island groups.

Formerly placed here[edit]

  • Licuala grandis (hort. ex W. Bull) H.Wendl. (as P. grandis hort. ex W. Bull) (Vanuatu)
  • Washingtonia filifera (Linden ex André) H.Wendl. (as P. filamentosa H.Wendl. ex Franceschi or P. filifera Linden ex André)[7] (Southwestern United States and Baja California)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Genus: Pritchardia Seem. & H. Wendl". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-10-05. Archived from the original on 2010-05-28. Retrieved 2010-12-11.
  2. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Hodel, D.R. (2007). A review of the genus Pritchardia. Palms; Journal of the International Palm Society 51(Suppl.): 1-53.
  4. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. 3 M-Q. CRC Press. p. 2168. ISBN 978-0-8493-2677-6.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Riffle, Robert Lee; Paul Craft (2003). An Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms. Timber Press. pp. 419–422. ISBN 978-0-88192-558-6.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Pritchardia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2010-12-11.
  7. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Pritchardia". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-12-11.

External links[edit]

Media related to Pritchardia at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Pritchardia at Wikispecies