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Pritchardia flowers.jpg
Pritchardia sp. flowers and fruit on two pendulous stalks
Scientific classification

Pritchardia palms

The genus Pritchardia (Family Arecaceae) consists of between 24-40 species of fan palms (subfamily Coryphoideae) found on tropical Pacific Ocean islands in Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, Tuamotus, and most diversely in Hawaii.[2][3] The generic name honors William Thomas Pritchard (1829-1907), a British consul at Fiji.[4]


These palms vary in height, ranging from 6 to 40 m (20 to 131 ft).[5] The leaves are fan-shaped (costapalmate) and the trunk columnar, naked, smooth or fibrous, longitudinally grooved, and obscurely ringed by leaf scars. The flowers and subsequent fruit are borne in a terminal cluster with simple or compound branches of an arcuate or pendulous inflorescence that (in some species) is longer than the leaves.


There are 29 known species, of which 19 are endemic to the Hawaiian Islands, with the remainder on other island groups.

  1. Pritchardia affinis Becc. – Hawaiʻi Pritchardia[6] (Island of Hawaiʻi)
  2. Pritchardia arecina Becc. – Maui Pritchardia[6] (Maui, Hawaii)[5]
  3. Pritchardia aylmer-robinsonii H.St.John (Niʻihau, Hawaii)
  4. Pritchardia beccariana Rock – Kilauea Pritchardia[6] (Island of Hawaiʻi)[5]
  5. Pritchardia flynnii
  6. Pritchardia forbesiana Rock – Mt. Eke Pritchardia[6] (Maui, Hawaii)
  7. Pritchardia glabrata Becc. & Rock (Maui, Hawaii)
  8. Pritchardia hardyi Rock – Makaleha Pritchardia[6] (Kauaʻi, Hawaii)
  9. Pritchardia hillebrandii (Kuntze) Becc.[6] (Native range uncertain, but believed to be Molokaʻi, Hawaii)[5]
  10. Pritchardia kaalae Rock – Waiʻanae Range Pritchardia[6] (Oʻahu, Hawaii)
  11. Pritchardia lanaiensis Becc. & Rock – Lānaʻi Pritchardia[6] (Lānaʻi, Hawaii)
  12. Pritchardia lanigera Becc. (Island of Hawaiʻi)
  13. Pritchardia limahuliensis H.St.John (Kauaʻi, Hawaii)
  14. Pritchardia lowreyana Rock – Molokaʻi Pritchardia[6] (Molokaʻi, Hawaii)
  15. Pritchardia maideniana (Unknown origin, possibly Fiji or Tonga)[5]
  16. Pritchardia martii (Gaud.) H.Wendl – Koʻolau Range pritchardia[6] (syn. P. gaudichaudii) (Oʻahu, Hawaii)
  17. Pritchardia minor Becc. – Alakaʻi Swamp Pritchardia[6] (Kauaʻi, Hawaii)
  18. Pritchardia mitiaroana Dransfield & Ehrhardt (Mitiaro, Cook Islands)[5]
  19. Pritchardia munroi Rock – Kamalo Pritchardia[6] (Molokaʻi, Hawaii)
  20. Pritchardia napaliensis H.St.John (Kauaʻi, Hawaii)
  21. Pritchardia pacifica Seem. & H.Wendl. (Fiji, Tonga, Samoa)
  22. Pritchardia pericularum
  23. Pritchardia perlmanii Gemmill (Kauaʻi, Hawaii)
  24. Pritchardia remota Becc. – Nihoa Pritchardia[6] (Nihoa, Hawaii)
  25. Pritchardia schattaueri Hodel – Giant Pritchardia (Island of Hawaiʻi)
  26. Pritchardia thurstonii F.Muell. & Drude (Fiji)
  27. Pritchardia viscosa Becc. – Stickybud Pritchardia[6] (Kauaʻi, Hawaii)
  28. Pritchardia vuylstekeana
  29. Pritchardia waialealeana R.W.Read (Kauaʻi, Hawaii)
  30. Pritchardia woodfordiana (Solomon Islands)

Formerly placed here[edit]

  • Licuala grandis (hort. ex W. Bull) H.Wendl. (as P. grandis hort. ex W. Bull)
  • Washingtonia filifera (Linden ex André) H.Wendl. (as P. filamentosa H.Wendl. ex Franceschi or P. filifera Linden ex André)[7]


  1. ^ a b "Genus: Pritchardia Seem. & H. Wendl". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-10-05. Archived from the original on 2010-05-28. Retrieved 2010-12-11.
  2. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Hodel, D.R. (2007). A review of the genus Pritchardia. Palms; Journal of the International Palm Society 51(Suppl.): 1-53.
  4. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names. 3 M-Q. CRC Press. p. 2168. ISBN 978-0-8493-2677-6.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Riffle, Robert Lee; Paul Craft (2003). An Encyclopedia of Cultivated Palms. Timber Press. pp. 419–422. ISBN 978-0-88192-558-6.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Pritchardia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2010-12-11.
  7. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Pritchardia". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-12-11.

External links[edit]

Media related to Pritchardia at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Pritchardia at Wikispecies