Tattva – Mahābhūta, Panchikarana
Wŭ Xíng (五行)
As Pṛthvī Mātā "Mother Earth" she contrasts with Dyaus Pita "father sky". In the Rigveda, Earth and Sky are primarily addressed in the dual as Dyavaprthivi. She is associated with the cow. Prithu, an incarnation of Vishnu, milked her in cow's form.
In Buddhist texts and visual representations, Pṛthvī is described as both protecting Gautama Buddha and as being his witness for his enlightenment. Prithvi appears in Early Buddhism in the Pāli Canon, dispelling the temptation figure Mara by attesting to Gautama Buddha's worthiness to attain enlightenment. The Buddha is very frequently illustrated in figurative art wielding bhūmisparśa or "earth-touching" mudrā. 
The Pṛithvī Sūkta
Pṛithvī Sūkta or Bhūmī Sūkta is a celebrated hymn of the Atharvaveda (AVŚ 12.1) dedicated to Prthivi. It consists of 63 verses.
|Prshni||Mother of Plants|
|Vanaspatinam Grbhir Osadhinam||Womb of Forest Trees and Herbs|
|Vishvamshu||Producer of Everything|
|Vishvasvam||Source of Everything|
|Enricher||Ratnagarbha||Repository of Gems|
|Ratnavati||Abounding in Jewels|
|Vasundhara||Bearer of Treasure|
- Doniger O'Flaherty, Wendy, ed. (2007). The Rig Veda : an anthology : one hundred and eight hymns. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. ISBN 9780140449891.
- Shaw, Miranda Eberle (2006). Buddhist Goddesses of India. Princeton University Press. p. 27. ISBN 978-0-691-12758-3.
- Dictionary of Hindu Lore and Legend (ISBN 0-500-51088-1) by Anna Dallapiccola
- Hindu Goddesses: Vision of the Divine Feminine in the Hindu Religious Traditions (ISBN 81-208-0379-5) by David Kinsley