Pritzker School of Medicine
|University of Chicago|
|Location||Chicago, Illinois, United States|
The Pritzker School of Medicine is the M.D.-granting unit of the Biological Sciences Division of the University of Chicago. It is located on the university's main campus in the historic Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago and matriculated its first class in 1927. The medical school offers a full-time Doctor of Medicine degree program, joint degree programs, graduate medical education, and continuing medical education.
Interest in opening a medical school at the University of Chicago began in 1898 when the university became temporarily affiliated with Rush Medical College while Chicago endeavored to establish funds for the construction of a medical school. In 1916, the university's Board of Trustees set aside $5.3 million for its development, but World War I delayed its construction until 1921. With construction complete in 1927, the school matriculated its first class of medical students. Following a $16 million gift from the Pritzker family of Chicago (founders of the Hyatt hotel group) to the University of Chicago, the School of Medicine was renamed in their honor in 1968.
Pritzker was the first medical school to hold the now international tradition of the white coat ceremony in 1989, which celebrates the students' transition and commitment to a lifelong career as a physician.
The Pritzker School of Medicine offers the Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) degree. The school offers joint doctorate degrees through its Medical Scientist Training Program, Growth, Development, and Disabilities Training Program and MD-PhD Programs in Medicine, the Social Sciences, and Humanities. Joint master degrees are offered in business, law and policy.
According to the April 2015 print issue of Discover magazine (volume 36, number 3), it is the home to the Sleep, Metabolism, and Health Center in the Department of Medicine, directed by Eve Van Cauter.
- Sara Branham Matthews, PhD class of 1923, MD class of 1934, was an American microbiologist and physician best known for her research into the isolation and treatment of Neisseria meningitidis, a causative organism of meningitis.
- David Bodian, class of 1937, American medical scientist whose work helped lay the groundwork for the eventual development of polio vaccines by combining neurological research with the study of the pathogenesis of polio.
- Joseph Ransohoff, class of 1941, pioneer in the field of neurosurgery; founder of the first neurosurgical intensive care unit; chief of neurosurgery at N.Y.U. Medical Center
- Robert M. Chanock, class of 1947, American pediatrician and virologist who made major contributions to the prevention and treatment of childhood respiratory infections.
- Janet Rowley, class of 1948, American human geneticist and the first scientist to identify a chromosomal translocation as the cause of leukemia and other cancers.
- Richard Kekuni Blaisdell, class of 1948, professor emeritus of medicine at the University of Hawaiʻi in Honolulu, and a longtime organizer in the Hawaiian Sovereignty Movement.
- Ernest Beutler, class of 1950, German-born American hematologist and biomedical scientist. He made important discoveries about the causes of a number of diseases, including anemias, Gaucher disease, disorders of iron metabolism and Tay-Sachs disease.
- Arthur K. Shapiro, class of 1955, psychiatrist and expert on Tourette syndrome.
- Robert Gallo, GME 1965, known for his role in the discovery of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as the infectious agent responsible for acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and in the development of the HIV blood test.
- Bruce Beutler, class of 1981, American immunologist and geneticist. Together with Jules A. Hoffmann, he received one-half of the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, for "their discoveries concerning the activation of innate immunity."
- Anne Searls De Groot, class of 1983, co-founder and CEO/CSO of the immunoinformatics company EpiVax.
- Todd Golub, class of 1989, Professor of Pediatrics at the Harvard Medical School, the Charles A. Dana Investigator in Human Cancer Genetics at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and a founding member of the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard.
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- "Philanthropist A.n. Pritzker". Chicago Tribune. 1986-02-10.
- Warren, Peter M. (1999-10-18). "For New Medical Students, White Coats Are a Warmup". Los Angeles Times.
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- "Joseph Ransohoff, a Pioneer in Neurosurgery, Dies at 85". New York Times. New York Times. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- Druker, Brian J. "Janet Rowley (1925–2013) Geneticist who discovered that broken chromosomes cause cancer". Nature. Nature. Retrieved 29 March 2017.